Pronouns Positive Negative Question
I/HE/SHE/IT I was walking I was not walking Was I walking?
YOU/WE/THEY You were walking You were not walking Were you walking?
Exceptions in spelling when adding (ing) Example
Final e is dropped (but: (ee) is not changed Leave- Leaving
After a short, stressed vowel, the final consonant is doubled Sit-Sitting
Final (ie) becomes (y) Lie-Lying
Example: She was brushing her hair.
Example: While she was preparing dinner, he was washing the dishes.
Example: When I was having breakfast, the phone suddenly rang.
when, while, as long as
The simple past is used to talk
about actions or situations in the
First, I went to supermarket.Then, I had lunch.
I visited my cousins last weekend.
I saw her boyfriend yesterday.
The verbs in the simple past consist of particle ED at
the end, and for that, you must follow some rules:
- Verbs ending in E has only earn D: dance=danced
- Verbs ending in a consonant + y, lose and gain IED
Y: = Studied study.
- Verbs ending in a vowel + y, just make ED: play =
- Verbs ending in consonant + vowel + consonant,
double the last consonant and earn ED: stop =
The affirmative sentences with irregular verbs
make up the subject if + past simple of the verb:
- I saw
- She said
Interrogations (regular and irregular)
The questions in the simple past of the auxiliary
DID ask for help (past DO) + the normal form of
- Did you drink?
- Did she sleep?
* Note that those in the past is the auxiliary
DID, the main verb remains in its basic form.
Add the DID + NOT (did not) after the subject
(is for everyone):
- You did not drink. (You did not take.)
- She did not sleep. (She did not sleep.)
Signal Words of Simple Past
yesterday, 2 minutes
ago, in 1990, the other
day, last Friday
If-Satz Typ II (If I talked, …)
UNIVERSIDADE DO ESTADO DO RIO DE JANEIRO (UERJ)
FACUDADE DE FORMAÇÃO DE PROFESSORES
Ellen dos Santos
Língua Inglesa II