Ws5 2 unhcr resettlement

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What is resettlement and what is the EU’s role?

What is resettlement and what is the EU’s role?

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  • First two are relevant for the refugee There are 10.5 million refugees of concern to UNHCR80% of these refugees live in developing countries
  • Still high recognition rate: close to 90% ??? UNHCR asks for reasons for rejection, and usually receives themDossiers: Sweden/ Portugal / France others with emergency casesDo states look at Integration potential? UNHCR very much discourages states to base decisions on any other elements than the protection needs of the refugees. It also is careful that states do not discriminate on the basis of for example religion. However, UNHCR is not blind that some states, especially beginning resettlement countries, that there is more capacity in the country to support the integration of some nationalities than others (especially related to the presence of migrant or refugee communities with the same or similar cultural background and language, who can support in the reception and integration)

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  • 1. What is resettlement and what is the EU’s role?Integration Cities9 March 2012 Amsterdam Johannes van Gemund Resettlement Policy Officer UNHCR Bureau for Europe, Brussels
  • 2. 5 Questions about resettlement1. What is resettlement?2. Who are resettled?3. How many people need to be resettled?4. What does the EU do in resettlement?5. What can the EU do more?
  • 3. What is resettlement? UNHCR pursues 3 durable solutions: voluntary repatriation, local integration and resettlement Protection tool element of solidarity sharing Iridimi camp/Chad © Zalmai
  • 4. Strategic use of Resettlement “The planned use of resettlement in a manner that maximizes the benefits, directly or indirectly, other than those received by the refugee being resettled. Those benefits may accrue to other refugees, the hosting state, other states or the international protection regime in general.”Lukole camp Tanzania © E. Wiinblad
  • 5. Who are resettled?• Less than 1 percent of all refugees are referred (by UNHCR) to resettlement countries for resettlement.• The resettlement countries have the final say if they resettle refugees and whom they accept. Lukole camp Tanzania © E. Wiinblad
  • 6. Who is eligible? Individuals who are eligible for resettlement are:(i) recognized as refugees under UNHCRs mandate; and(ii) deemed eligible according to UNHCR`s resettlement submission categories as put down the UNHCR Resettlement Handbook.
  • 7. Who is eligible?UNHCR identifies refugees according toResettlement Submission Categories:Legal and Physical Protection NeedsSurvivors of Violence and TortureMedical NeedsWomen and Girls at RiskFamily ReunificationChildren and Adolescents at RiskLack of foreseeable alternative durable solutions
  • 8. How are refugees selected?UNHCR:• Resettlement interview• Resettlement referral form submitted to StatesStates:• States decide on refugee situations/ nationalities• Decisions based on interviews in selection missions or dossier submissions exclusively• Recognition rate is over 90% Al Tanf © UNHCR/B. Diab
  • 9. Global resettlement needs 780,000 refugees have been identified as in need by offices around the world in the coming 3-5 years. For 2012: 172,000 refugees will be prioritized Somali camp in Kenya © UNHCR/E. Hockstein
  • 10. Global resettlement needsMain asylum countries 2011:Syria – 23,500, Kenya- 20,500, Nepal – 18,500,Malaysia – 15,000, Thailand – 12,300, Turkey –17,000Main countries of origin 2011:Afghanistan – 274,383, Somalia – 150,355,Myanmar – 101,150, Iraq – 68,366, Sudan – 61,996
  • 11. Submissions/ departures
  • 12. What does the EU do? UNHCR Resettlement to EU Member States and to All Other Resettlement Countries 2006-2010 100000 80000Persons 60000 40000 20000 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 EU Member States All Others
  • 13. European resettlement: momentum since 2008 Al Tanf. © UNHCR/B. AugerNov 2008: EU decided to resettle (up to)10,000 refugees from Iraq
  • 14. European Resettlement: momentum since 2008Resettlement countries: Sweden, Norway, United Kingdom, France, Netherlands, Denmark, Czech Republic,, Portugal, IrelandNew resettlement countries since 2008: Czech Republic, Romania, Spain and Germany, ad hoc resettlement: Belgium, LuxemourgNew resettlement programmes announced: Bulgaria and HungaryThe Joint EU Resettlement Programme
  • 15. Joint EU Resettlement Programme Not a programme (yet)
  • 16. Joint EU Resettlement Programme Framework for cooperation Voluntary + incremental approach Cooperation facilitated by EASO Funding under the European Refugee Fund: geographic/ specific vulnerable refugees
  • 17. What does UNHCR expect from the Europe in resettlement? More resettlement places:A bigger role in offering resettlement as a form of protection, complementary to access to fair and effective asylum systems for asylum seekers coming to the EuropeIf the EU Member States cooperate in an EU Resettlement Programme, they can use resettlement more strategically, contributing to comprehensive solutions for refugee situations
  • 18. Thank you UNHCR / H. Davies © 2007 An Oromo family, who came to the UK in 2006 as refugees fromEthiopia under the UK resettlement programme, visit the seaside in Brighton where they have been resettled.