First two are relevant for the refugee There are 10.5 million refugees of concern to UNHCR80% of these refugees live in developing countries
Still high recognition rate: close to 90% ??? UNHCR asks for reasons for rejection, and usually receives themDossiers: Sweden/ Portugal / France others with emergency casesDo states look at Integration potential? UNHCR very much discourages states to base decisions on any other elements than the protection needs of the refugees. It also is careful that states do not discriminate on the basis of for example religion. However, UNHCR is not blind that some states, especially beginning resettlement countries, that there is more capacity in the country to support the integration of some nationalities than others (especially related to the presence of migrant or refugee communities with the same or similar cultural background and language, who can support in the reception and integration)
Ws5 2 unhcr resettlement
What is resettlement and what is the EU’s role?Integration Cities9 March 2012 Amsterdam Johannes van Gemund Resettlement Policy Officer UNHCR Bureau for Europe, Brussels
5 Questions about resettlement1. What is resettlement?2. Who are resettled?3. How many people need to be resettled?4. What does the EU do in resettlement?5. What can the EU do more?
Who is eligible? Individuals who are eligible for resettlement are:(i) recognized as refugees under UNHCRs mandate; and(ii) deemed eligible according to UNHCR`s resettlement submission categories as put down the UNHCR Resettlement Handbook.
Who is eligible?UNHCR identifies refugees according toResettlement Submission Categories:Legal and Physical Protection NeedsSurvivors of Violence and TortureMedical NeedsWomen and Girls at RiskFamily ReunificationChildren and Adolescents at RiskLack of foreseeable alternative durable solutions
What does the EU do? UNHCR Resettlement to EU Member States and to All Other Resettlement Countries 2006-2010 100000 80000Persons 60000 40000 20000 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 EU Member States All Others
European Resettlement: momentum since 2008Resettlement countries: Sweden, Norway, United Kingdom, France, Netherlands, Denmark, Czech Republic,, Portugal, IrelandNew resettlement countries since 2008: Czech Republic, Romania, Spain and Germany, ad hoc resettlement: Belgium, LuxemourgNew resettlement programmes announced: Bulgaria and HungaryThe Joint EU Resettlement Programme
Joint EU Resettlement Programme Not a programme (yet)
Joint EU Resettlement Programme Framework for cooperation Voluntary + incremental approach Cooperation facilitated by EASO Funding under the European Refugee Fund: geographic/ specific vulnerable refugees
What does UNHCR expect from the Europe in resettlement? More resettlement places:A bigger role in offering resettlement as a form of protection, complementary to access to fair and effective asylum systems for asylum seekers coming to the EuropeIf the EU Member States cooperate in an EU Resettlement Programme, they can use resettlement more strategically, contributing to comprehensive solutions for refugee situations