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Concordancer

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  • 1. CONCORDANCER
    Prepared by:
    SitiHajarbt Ibrahim 0725600
    NurulFarhanabtMohdSalim 0729742
    FatinHananibt Mat Radzi 0724040
  • 2. INTRODUCTION
    Concordancer is a basic tool for corpus linguist.
    Turns the electronic texts into databases which can be searched.
    Offers the possibility of searching for word combinations within a specified range of words and looking up parts of words (substrings, in particular affixes, for example).
    A more sophisticated program might also provide its users with lists of collocates or frequency lists.
  • 3. INTRODUCTION
    Corpora that can be searched are text files, websites, emails, etc (anything that can be converted into electronic texts).
    Examples of concordance program:
    TextSTAT
    WordCruncher 
    AntConc
    WordSmith
  • 4. Its use in the field of Corpus Linguistics / teaching and learning
    • Students can use a concordancer to find out how to use a word or phrase
    • 5. To find out which other words belong with a word they want to use.
    • 6. Example:
    In academic writing, a paper can describe, claim, or show, though it doesn't believe or want (*this paper wants to prove that ...).
  • 7. Language teachers:
    can use the concordancer to find similar patterns so as to help their students.
    can also use it to help produce vocabulary exercises.
    Researcher:
    can use a concordancer, for example when searching through a database of hospital accident records, to see whether fracture is associated with fall, grease, ladder.
  • 8. Article 1 : A concordance-based study of metaphoric expressions used by general practitioners and patients in consultation
    Purpose: To study metaphoric expressions used by doctors and patients in general practice.
    Design of study: Concordance-based language analysis of spoken data.
    Method: 373 consultations with 40 doctors in a UK general practice setting were transcribed and scrutinised for metaphoric expressions, using ‘concordancing’ software. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used in analysis.
  • 9. results
    Doctors use mechanical metaphors to explain disease and speak of themselves as ‘problem-solvers’ and ‘controllers of disease’.
    Patients employ a range of vivid metaphors, but fewer metaphors of machines and problem/solution. They use metaphors to describe symptoms and are more likely to use metaphoric language at the interface of physical and psychological symptoms (eg. ‘tension’, ‘stress’).
  • 10. Article 2: Corpus Concordancingin Teaching Academic Discourse Writing to Medical Students
    • Purpose: To teach the skills necessary to describe a research.
    • 11. Design of study: Concordancing-related corpus analysis and non-concordancing related corpus analysis.
    • 12. Method: 15 research articles from prestigious scientific journals in the field of medicine were analysed by Group A (students doing analysis using concordancer) and Group B (doing analysis through “traditional way”).
    • 13. Genre analysis: lexico-grammatical items, including interpersonal metadiscourse devices, and rhetorical features of the text.
  • results
    • Both types of text analysis enabled the students to make the following generalisations:
    1. First person pronouns are used when the writers describe their own procedural choices in their research.
    2. The preferable tense for outlining the objectives of a study is the past tense.
    3. The most frequent verbs introducing the purpose of the study are “identify”, investigate” and “determine”.
    • The group of students which used corpus concordancing software arrived at these generalisations far more quickly than those students who performed corpus analysis in a traditional, “manual” way.