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  • 1. TABLE 2Demographic Characteristics of the Respondents (n = 226) No. of Respondent (n) Percentage (%)Sex Female 113 50 Male 113 50Age 13 years old 35 15.5 14 years old 41 18.1 15 years old 50 22.1 16 years old 50 22.1 17 years old 50 22.1Form 1 42 18.6 2 42 18.6 3 43 19.0 4 48 21.2 5 51 22.6Citizenship Malaysian 226 100 Others - -Religion Islam 178 78.8 Buddhist 26 11.5 Hindu 13 5.8 Christian 9 4 Others - -Race Malay 175 77.4 Chinese 31 13.7 India 20 8.8 Others - -
  • 2. Table 3Reasons for smoking (n = 47) Number (n) Percentage (%)For fun and challenging 18 38.3To look sophisticated 5 10.6To be accepted by peers 10 21.3To maintain ideal body weight 0 -To challenge my parents 0 -Forced by peers 6 12.8Others 8 17TABLE 4Number of cigarette taken in one day (n = 47) Number of Current Smoker (n) Percentage (%)1 Stick 15 31.92 to 3 Sticks 25 53.24 to 5 Sticks 7 14.9> 6 Sticks 0 -
  • 3. TABLE 5Differences in individual factors of respondent between smoker and non-smoker Smoker Non-smoker (n = 47) (n = 166) t P value Mean ± SD Mean ± SDMonthly Pocket Money RM 78.15 ± 36.40 RM 76.80 ± 48.16 0.179 0.858Level of Self-Esteem 28.55 ± 4.09 28.72 ± 3.57 -0.268 0.789Level of Self-Image 19.21 ± 2.64 19.04 ± 2.71 0.397 0.692Level of Knowledge 10.91 ± 3.18 9.63 ± 4.43 2.220 0.029
  • 4. TABLE 6Smoking Status of Family Members (n = 213) Smoker Non-smoker (n = 47) (n = 166) χ2 P value Number (%) Number (%)Mother Smoker 3 (6.4) 5 (3) 3.080 0.214 Ex-smoker 3 (6.4) 4 (2.4) Never smoked 41 (87.2) 157 (94.6)Father Smoker 23 (48.9) 88 (53) 1.038 0.595 Ex-smoker 8 (17) 19 (11.4) Never smoked 16 (34) 59 (35.5)Sisters Smoker - 1 (6.6) 0.284 0.594 Ex-smoker - - Never smoked 47 (100) 165 (99.4)Brothers Smoker 14 (29.8) 30 (18.1) 7.602 0.022 Ex-smoker 4 (8.5) 4 (2.4) Never smoked 29 (61.7) 132 (79.5)Grandfather Smoker 21 (44.7) 47 (28.3) Ex-smoker 3 (6.4) 17 (10.2) 4.631 0.099 Never smoked 23 (48.9) 102 (61.4)