GHATS- a project by Amrutha


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This ppt is by one of my students AMRUTHA. from xii-com

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GHATS- a project by Amrutha

  2. 2. GHATS
  3. 4. <ul><li>Ghat has a great significance not only in Hindu mythology and way of life but also in the philosophies of life and death. It is interesting to know that cremation Ghat are usually placed outside the main town, as they are considered inauspicious. </li></ul>
  4. 5. VARANASI
  6. 14. <ul><li>Manikrarnika Ghat is one of the prime cremation ghats (demarcated place on the bank of a river) in Varanasi , the holiest city as per Hindu mythology. Manikarnika Ghat is considered to be one of the most sacred ghats in this holy Indian city. Lot of Hindu mythological stories and emotional beliefs are attached to this sacred ghat. The ghat lies at the center of five tirthas. </li></ul>
  7. 19. KASHI
  8. 22. KARNATAKA GHAT: <ul><li>This ghat was build by the state of Mysore (now know as Karnataka) in early twentieth century (c.1910). There lies a site are shrine. There also is a shrine of Ruru (&quot; the Dog&quot;) Bhairava, one of the 8th Bhairavas protecting the city from 8th directions . </li></ul>
  9. 24. HARISH CHANDRA GHAT <ul><li>This ghat is name after a mythological King Harish Chandra, who once worked the cremation ground here for the preservance of truth and charity but at the end the Gods rewarded him and restored his lost thorn and his dead son to him. This is one of the two cremation ghat, and some times referred as Adi Manikarnika (&quot; the original creation ground&quot;, cf.KKm 2.225-26), still there exists Adi Manikarnika Tirtha. In 1986-87 an electric crematorium is opened here, how ever side – by – side funeral of wood – fire is continuing . This also the seat of old Harampapa water – tirtha. At the top in the temples there are images of Harischandrsvara, Rohitesvara, Adi Manikarnikesvara & Vrddha Kedara. In c. 1740 Narayana Diksit, a religious guru of pesavas renovated this ghat and made this partly pucca. </li></ul>
  10. 26. LALI GHAT <ul><li>In c. 1778 this ghat was built pucca by Raja of Banaras. At the upper side there are temple of Lambodara Cintamani and Jyestha Vinaykas, Kiratesvara, Jayanta Siva Lingam and Maha Laksmi. The vicinity is dominated by washermen. </li></ul>
  11. 28. VIJAYANAGARAM GHAT: <ul><li>This was made pucca in c. 1890 by the Vijayanagaram State of South India. At the top of it is Svami Karapatri Asrama. Close by to this building are the shrines of Nilakantha (1) and Nispapesvara. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  12. 29. KEDAR GHAT <ul><li>This ghat is meticulously eulogized in the KKh ( 77.8-10,47-54:also KKm). This is the site of Haramapapa Tirtha.  At the top exists the temple of Kedaresvara, the patron deity of the southern sacred segment. </li></ul>
  13. 30. CAOWKI GHAT : <ul><li>This ghat is famous for the huge pipala (Ficus religiosa) tree at the top of the Steps which shelters a great array of stone figures of snakes, nagas. Havell (1905 : 118-119) described this Ghat: &quot;under a fine old pipala-tree, there is a small shrine and a great number of old carved stones, some of Snakes, twined together like Mercuty’s caduceus, with some fine figure sculptures let into the upright face of the platform which surrounds the tree are probably reclis of the early Buddhist period&quot;. Closeby to this tree is the shrine of Rukmangesvara, and at some distance lies Naga Kupa (&quot;Snake Well&quot;). On the occasion of festival honouring snake, Naga Pancami, falling on the 5th light helf of Sravana (July –August), these shrines are especially worshipped. This ghat was built in c. 1790. </li></ul>
  14. 32. . KSEMESVARA / SOMESVARA GHAT : <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Its old name was Nala Ghat, and was built in early eighteenth century. The followers of Kumarasvami made a monastery in 1962 at the upper – side of the steps. The shrines of Kesemesvara and Ksemaka Gana are at the top portion of the steps. The neighborhood is dominated by Bengali residents </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 33. MANASAROVARA GHAT <ul><li>At the top of this ghat there is a secred pond, in replicated from representing the famous sacred lake of the same name lying in Tibet. This ghat was built by Raja Mana Singh of Jaipur in c. 1585, and was rebuilt in c. 1805. The shrines of Rama, Laksamana, and Dattatreya are in the vicinity. </li></ul>
  16. 35. NARADA GHAT : <ul><li>The old name of this ghat is Kuvai Ghat. This was constructed by Dattatreya Svami, a monastery chief, in c. 1788. The four important images in the upper- side are Naradesvara, Atrisvara, Vasukisvara and Dattatreyesvara. </li></ul>
  17. 37. RAJA GHAT : <ul><li>Formerly known as Amrita Rao Ghat, this was firstly made by the first Maratha chief Gajirao Balaji in c.1720. This was rebuilt with stone slabs by Amrita Rao Pesacva during 1780 – 1807. At the top of lofty stone steps he established four temples of Amritesvara, Vinayakesvara, Nayanesvara and Gangesvara and four auxiliary shrines, and also renovated the Prabhasa Tritha in 1780. </li></ul>
  18. 39. KHORI GHAT: <ul><li>Also known as Ganga Mahala Ghat, this was made pucca in late nineteenth century by Kavindra Narayana Singh. At the top a compound of five temples presents a magnificent view. </li></ul>
  19. 40. PANDEY GHAT <ul><li>In c. 1805 this ghat was built in honour of a famous wrestler who established a wresting site (Akhara) there: his name was Babua Pande. The shrine of Somesvara exists closeby to it. In its vicinity lies the old site of Prabhasa Tirtha, but presently it is spatially transposed at Raja Ghat. </li></ul>
  20. 42. SARVESVARA GHAT : <ul><li>Of course, this site had reference in a very early seventeenth century digest, however the overall ghat was erected under the patronage of Mathura Pandey in late eighteenth century. The Ganga Kesava </li></ul><ul><li>Tirtha and Servesvara image are near the Ghat. </li></ul>
  21. 43. DIGPATIA GHAT <ul><li>This was erected in c.1830 Raja of Digpatia (Bengal). The beautiful building along the ghat now known as &quot;Kashi Ashram&quot;. </li></ul>
  22. 45. CAUSATTHI GHAT : <ul><li>This ghat is described in the KKh (61.176-177) with respect to yogini Tirtha and Agatsya Tirtha. The number 64 (Causatha) is attributed to directional symbolism and also association between mother-goddesses and their assistant- goddesses, of course there are other interpretations too. This ghat had privilege to provide shelter to a great Sanskrit scholar, Madhusudana Sarsvati (c.e.1540-1623). Above the ghat there is temple of causatthi Devi, but only 60 images of yogonis are there, the rest four are at different places. In c. 1670 King of Udaipur (Rajasthan) renovated this ghat, and jater it became pucca On 12th dark-half of caitra (March-April) many pilgrims pay visit to the yogini temple and take ritual bath at this ghat. </li></ul><ul><li>Another important occasion of attraction is the evening on the day of Holi-a colourful festival showing start of Caitra-1, when homage ritual is performed at the ghat. </li></ul>
  23. 46. RANA MAHALA GHAT <ul><li>In fact, this is a extended part of the preceding ghat, and also made by king of Udaipur in c.1670. At the top there is shrine of Vakratunda Vinayaka, one among the fifty-six. </li></ul>
  24. 48. DARABHANGA GHAT <ul><li>Together with magnifivent building along the ghat and a grand Siva temple in Nilakantha area, the king of Darabhanga (Bihar) made them in 1915. The building along the ghat shows a massive Greek pillars style. The shrine of Kukutesvara lies at the top. </li></ul>
  25. 49. MUNSI GHAT <ul><li>The ghat was built by Sridhara Narayana Munsi a finance minister in the State of Darabhanga, in 1912 as an extended pare of Darabhanga Ghat. After his death in 1924 this portion ghat named in his honour. </li></ul>
  26. 50. AHILYABAI GHAT : <ul><li>At the place of an old site of Kevelyagiri Ghat, in c. 1778 queen Ahilyabai Holkar of Indore made this a pucca ghat. For the first time name of a person was added after the ghat. She was also responsible for re-building the Visvesvara temle, as exists at present, in 1777. </li></ul>
  27. 51. SITALA GHAT <ul><li>In c. 1740 pt. Narayana Diksit the preceptor of Bajirao Pesava-1, made this ghat pucca. In fact, this is the southern extension of Dasasvamedha Ghat, where exists Dasasvamedha Tirtha and images of Dasasvamedhesvara and Dasaharesvara. After the famous sitala temple there, this ghat is called after. On the 8th light- half of lunar months of Caitra, Vaisakha Jyestha and Asadha (march – July ) and Asvina (Sept –Oct. ) people celebrate the festival of Sitala Asthami (&quot;8th day&quot; ). The same fastivities also occur at (adi) Sitla Ghat in the north. Another important occasion at this Ghat is the special worship after the newly marriage, the couples and close family members come here for the Ganga worship ritual followed by rituals in the Sitala temple. </li></ul>
  28. 53. Assi Ghat
  29. 54. Tulsi Ghat
  30. 55. Shivala Ghat
  31. 57. Dandi Ghat
  32. 58. Kedar Ghat
  33. 59. Dasaswamedh Ghat
  34. 61. Scindia ghat
  35. 62. Ganga mahal
  36. 63. Bonsale ghat
  37. 64. Sankatha ghat
  38. 66. Why did Shahid say he was at the ghat of the only world? <ul><li>Agha Shahid Ali was dying. And hr knew it well. The disease was such. He suffered from malignant tumor of the brain. He had already been through several unsuccessful operations. Now he was back in the hospital for another surgical operation. But the man had the tremendous will to survive. When the hospital escort came forward with a wheel chair, he sent him away. He declared that he was strong enough to walk out on his own. He learnt that the man was from equador. He told him that he wanted to learn Spanish just to read Lorca. Even when he was fighting against cancer, Shahid’s gregariousness knew no limit. The man was te centre of a perpetual carnival. He was an endless mela of talk, laughter, food, and of course poetry. The man was known for his skills in the kitchen. He would tell just from the smell whether rogan josh was ready or not. Shahid suffered from the most dangerous and incurable disease cancer. But his joviality and wit remained alive till the end. He was a sparkling wit. Once a lady security guard in Spain asked him of he had something that could be dangerous to other passengers. Shahid clapped a hand to his chest and cried “only my heart”. </li></ul><ul><li>When he died there was no trace of anguish or conflict on his face. He used to say that he would meet is mother in the after life, he was a great dreamer. he dreamt that he was at the “ghat of the only world”. He had finished his journey and stood at the other side. </li></ul>
  39. 68. GHAT OF THE ONLY WORLD <ul><li>Agha shahid ali- when he died there was no trace of anguish or conflict on his face. He used to say that he would meet his mother in the after life, if there was an after life. He was a great dreamer. He dreamt that he was at “ the ghat of the only world ”. He had finished his journey and stood at the other side. </li></ul>