Kosi Flood in India ( Bihar) - a national calamity
A National Disaster KOSI FLOODS - 2008
Kosi – The Sorrow River <ul><li>THE KOSI - A part of Ganges, Brahmaputra & Meghna riverine system travels through Nepal before entering the plains of Bihar. </li></ul><ul><li>Why so dangerous? </li></ul><ul><li>Young Morphology </li></ul><ul><li>Steep gradient </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to quickly change course </li></ul><ul><li>Leaves behind heavy silt and debris which are infertile. </li></ul><ul><li>It has been causing huge damages to Northern Districts of Bihar almost every year </li></ul>
2008 Floods – an unprecedented tragedy <ul><li>Unlike earlier floods in 2008 the River itself changed the path that too up-to several kilometres. </li></ul><ul><li>Its Magnitude- Too large compared to earlier floods.(more than 2.5 lakh houses destroyed) </li></ul><ul><li>Submerged Area- Much higher comparatively.( crops in 1.06 lakh hectare wiped off) </li></ul><ul><li>Intensity of water forces- huge ( flow of water through the breach went up to 1.9 lakh cubic feet per second ) </li></ul><ul><li>No. of persons directly affected- Much higher </li></ul><ul><li>No. of deaths- cannot be assessed </li></ul>
2008 floods- Fact file <ul><li>The worst affected districts: Supaul, Saharsa, Madhepura, Araria, Purnia & Katihar </li></ul><ul><li>866 villages destroyed - India Today </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum Rs. 10,000 crore loss - India Today </li></ul><ul><li>More than 2000 camps are needed for the displaced - India Today </li></ul><ul><li>As per Sahara TV, who have special correspondent in the affected area, it is feared that even one lakh people might have lost their lives. </li></ul>
2008 floods- The scale of challenge <ul><li>The magnitude of destruction caused by this flood is higher than Hurricane Katrina, Super Cyclone and Tsunami </li></ul><ul><li>The rehabilitation is going to take longer than what it took to recover from the aftermaths of Tsunami </li></ul><ul><li>Lakhs of people still trapped and have to be evacuated. </li></ul><ul><li>This Flood has resulted in one of the biggest ever evacuations of people in history. </li></ul><ul><li>About 1.2 crore persons have to be rehabilitated-( http://www.igovernment.in) </li></ul><ul><li>Lakhs of people are lacking food, medicine,shelter and drinking water. </li></ul>
2008 floods- The scale of challenge As per estimates more than 3.5 mn people have to live under temporary arrangements. Assuming Rs 60 as per person per day cost for food, shelter, clothing, medicine and water, it will require 21.00 cr per day. For 75 days a sum of Rs 1575 Cr is required just for survival. Add: Cost of rehabilitation!
2008 floods- Some reactions <ul><li>“ The Kosi Flood is nothing but a national Calamity”- Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh. </li></ul><ul><li>“ The floods have pushed Bihar back to 50 years” -Rameshwar Prasad, a local historian </li></ul><ul><li>“ Places where crops were standing 15 days ago is 12-14 feet deep under water and the current of water is comparable to Richter 5 of earthquake intensity”- Chandan Singh- An environmentalist & Flood volunteer </li></ul>
Caught in Flood… The human condition <ul><li>Losing all belongings at once </li></ul><ul><li>Living inside the water </li></ul><ul><li>Taking shelter on the trees </li></ul><ul><li>Acute shortage of food and clothing </li></ul><ul><li>Witnessing death of family members, and leaving the dead bodies in same water </li></ul><ul><li>Health hazard: drinking the same flood water where dead bodies of human & animals are floating </li></ul>
The worst is yet to come … <ul><li>Historically Kosi River has been discharging water in much higher volumes in September and October so it is feared that it will get worse </li></ul><ul><li>Once the flood water starts pacifying there will be out break of epidemics. </li></ul><ul><li>Diseases like Diarrhoea, Cholera, other Gastro intestinal disorders & infections can cause huge damage to human lives. </li></ul><ul><li>Restoring public Infrastructure would be a Herculean task </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of material belongings difficult to replenish </li></ul><ul><li>The worst affected would be Women and Children </li></ul>
What needs to be done? <ul><li>Macro Level: The Central Government has to take up the matter with Nepal and perhaps other international bodies for permanent solutions. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Here as an individual we have a limited role to play </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Meso Level: Various state government/Other agencies should work in coordination to take up preventive measures. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Here, as citizens, we need to ensure that the government takes the task seriously. Write letters to government, media. Don't let them sleep! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Micro Level: Main focus is on relief measures. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Here as individuals we can play larger roles by directly or indirectly participating in relief, either by contributing our time and/or other resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A tragedy like this outrages us and makes us ask ourselves: What can we do to reduce the suffering of the displaced? The hope lies in our sense of responsibility for responding to this tragedy, which though situated in a region, is essentially human. </li></ul><ul><li>If all of us contribute in our own ways we will overcome this calamity! </li></ul>
How You can make a difference? <ul><li>Pray. Pray To Almighty for all those who are no more. More importantly, pray for all those who are alive and suffering the ordeal </li></ul><ul><li>Collect/purchase clothes, medicines, sleeping mats, tents, food grains, milk powder, polythene sheets, cooking utensils and donate them </li></ul><ul><li>There are several channels you can rely upon. If time permits, the best way is to directly approach the victims and help them out </li></ul><ul><li>Collect money and Donate to any organization which you believe is doing good work </li></ul><ul><li>Ask your employer for corporate/bulk donations. We can share one or two days salaries for those who have lost everything they earned in years </li></ul><ul><li>Most Important: please never doubt how your contribution can make a difference? Its our little contributions, coupled with heartfelt blessing, is going to yield </li></ul>“ No one can do everything but everyone can do something”
How to contribute? You can contribute. Some of the options could be : Option one: Write a cheque or draft to 'Chief Minister Relief Fund’, payable at Patna. Put your phone number, name and address on the back of the cheque. Deposit the cheque to the nearest SBI drop box or send it to “Chief Minister Relief Fund, Chief Minister Secretariat, 4, Deshratna Marg, Patna- 800001”. For Electronic transfer of fund send money to A/C No. 10839124928, SBI Patna Secretariat Branch. Option two: Red Cross India, Contact, Indian Red Cross Society, North of Gandhi Maidan, Patna – 800001 Phone No: 0612 -2201035/6/7; 2226267. You can directly send cloths and other materials to the above address just mentioning that it is meant for flood victims. Option three: Donating for Bihar flood victims to the Prime Minister Relief Fund : Details available on: http://pmindia.nic.in/relief.htm Option Four: You can donate to Oxfam by calling in on +91 11 46538000 or by sending a check in the name of Oxfam Trust, addressed to Oxfam India, Plot Number 1, 2nd Floor(above Sujan Mohinder Hospital), New Friends Colony, New Delhi - 110065 (www.oxfam.org)
How to contribute? Option five: You can Send donations to Prayaas . ( www.prayaas.org ) Contact No: 91-80-28441463, E-mail: Amitesh.Bharti@in.bosch.com & firstname.lastname@example.org . Mention flood relief and your name in remarks section. M/S Prayaas, Current Account No. : 10447347087 ,SBI, Indiranagar, Bangalore Option six: You can send Donations to Goonj H.O Delhi-J-93, Sarita Vihar, New Delhi- 76 Tel.- 011-26972351, 41401216 E-mail- email@example.com, [email_address] , Web Site- http://www.goonj.org cloths and other materials can be directly sent to their office Option seven: Donate to care today. Draw cheques or draft in favour of “Care Today A/c Bihar flood relief fund” and send to care today, Hamilton House, A-1 Connaught Place New Delhi-110001, Ph- 011-23314216,23315801 [email_address] Option eight: Many other local bodies/Associations can be contacted who are involved in relief works. If you are satisfied with their modus-operandi you can directly donate to them Option nine: Make a visit /send a team to affected areas and directly help the people “ Every Rupee can make a difference” Issued in the general interest please forward this message to all your friends and known
<ul><li>If we don't, </li></ul><ul><li>then who will? </li></ul>
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