Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Understanding Plagiarism
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Introducing the official SlideShare app

Stunning, full-screen experience for iPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Understanding Plagiarism

826
views

Published on

The presentation discusses about plagiarism, reasons for plagiarism cases, why knowledge about plagiarism is so important, the repercussion of wrong writing practices, penalties, ways to avoid …

The presentation discusses about plagiarism, reasons for plagiarism cases, why knowledge about plagiarism is so important, the repercussion of wrong writing practices, penalties, ways to avoid plagiarism, and what are anti-plagiarism software available.

Published in: Education

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
826
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
15
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. |UNDERSTANDING Santosh C. Hulagabali Librarian Nagindas Khandwala College | Malad (W) | Mumbai-400 064 www.nkc.ac.in | santosh@nkc.ac.in
  • 2. Overview          Meaning Why Plagiarism is so rampant? Cases Why does plagiarism matter? Referencing Styles How to avoid Penalties Plagiarism Detection-Softwares Tips COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 2
  • 3. “I didn’t write the report. I printed it directly from the Internet but did all of the stapling and collating myself” COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 3
  • 4. Meaning  Plagiarism: Copying or paraphrasing of other people’s work or ideas into your own work without full acknowledgement (UoO).  Collusion is another form of plagiarism involving the unauthorised collaboration of students (or others) in a piece of work (UoO). COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 4
  • 5. Paraphrasing  Paraphrasing involves taking a set of facts or opinions and rewording them.  If the wording of the paraphrase is too close to the wording of the original content, then it is plagiarism. COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 5
  • 6. Why Plagiarism is so rampant?         Competition Advent of Internet Quick result Quick degree Thirst for name and fame No time for intellectual work Policies No control COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 6
  • 7. http://blog.writingshield.com/ COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 7
  • 8. Few Cases  Jolie didn't plagiarize 'Blood and Honey,' says judge (TOI March 31, 2013)  Tulsidas accused of plagiarism (TNN November 29, 2010)  Playwright refutes plagiarism charge (TOI 14 Jan 2009)  Nitish in 'plagiarism' row (TOI 16 May 2009)  Plagiarism issue jolts Bollywood ( TOI May 18 2003)  LU professor accused of plagiarism (TOI 3 Feb 2013)  Oscar-nominated Pi's Lullaby in plagiarism controversy (TOI 13 Jan 2013) COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 8
  • 9. In plagiarism too, China beats India (The Telegraph, Tuesday, October 2, 2012 ) COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 9
  • 10. Why does plagiarism matter?  It is a breach of academic integrity.  Plagiarism is unethical.  Can have serious consequences for your future career.  It also undermines the (self) standards of your institution and of the degrees it issues. COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 10
  • 11. Unintentional Plagiarism  Paraphrasing poorly: changing a few words without changing the sentence structure of the original, or changing the sentence structure but not the words.  Quoting poorly: putting quotation marks around part of a quotation but not around all of it, or putting quotation marks around a passage that is partly paraphrased and partly quoted.  Citing poorly: omitting an occasional citation or citing inaccurately. MLA handbook for writers of research papers. (7th ed.). The Modern Language Association of America. New York: 2009. Print. COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 11
  • 12. Intentional Plagiarism  Passing off as one’s own pre-written papers from the Internet or other sources.  Copying an essay or article from the Internet, on-line source, or electronic database without quoting or giving credit.  Cutting and pasting from more than one source to create a paper without quoting or giving credit.  Borrowing words or ideas from other authors or sources without giving credit. MLA handbook for writers of research papers. (7th ed.). The Modern Language Association of America. New York: 2009. Print. COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 12
  • 13. Examples of Plagiarism Include: copying (using another person's language and/or ideas as if they are a candidate's own), by:  quoting verbatim another person's work without due acknowledgement of the source;  paraphrasing another person's work by changing some of the words without due acknowledgement of the source; COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 13
  • 14. Cont..  using ideas taken from someone else without reference to the originator;  cutting and pasting from the Internet;  submitting someone else's work as part of a candidate's own, without identifying clearly who did the work. COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 14
  • 15. How to avoid Plagiarism? – The use of another’s exact words (quoting verbatim) without citing the author. Incorrect Plagiarism is the reproduction of someone else’s words, ideas or findings and presenting them as one’s own without proper acknowledgement. Correct Plagiarism is the “reproduction of someone else’s words, ideas or findings and presenting them as one’s own without proper acknowledgement” (Undergraduate Course Handbook: 2008, p.24) COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 15
  • 16. Cont..  when presenting the views and work of others, you must give an indication of the source of the material conventions. write: '... as Sharpe (1993) has shown', and give the full details of the work quoted in your bibliography  if you quote text verbatim, make this completely evident 'The elk is of necessity less graceful than the gazelle' (Thompson, 1942, p. 46). COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 16
  • 17. Cont..  set the quoted text apart from your own text (e.g. by indenting a paragraph) and identify it in a suitable way (e.g. by using inverted commas and adding a reference as above)  if you are copying text, keep a note of the author and the reference as you go along, with the copied text, so that you will not mistakenly think the material to be your own work when you come back to it in a few weeks' time.  if you reproduce an illustration or include someone else's data in a graph or table, include the reference to the original work, e.g. '(figure redrawn from Webb, 1976)' or '(1 = data from Webb, 1976). COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 17
  • 18. Plagiarism Detection  A process of locating instances of plagiarism within a work or document.  Widespread use of computers and the advent of the Internet has made it easier to plagiarize the work of others.  Many free/commercial softwares available COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 18
  • 19. Plagiarism Softwares Free Commercial Chimpsky CitePlag CopyTracker Plagium SeeSources The Plagiarism Checker Plagiarism Detect Turnitin Attributor Copyscape PlagTracker Ithenticate Plagiarismdetect PlagScan Veriguide COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 19
  • 20. COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 20
  • 21. COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 21
  • 22. COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 22
  • 23. Referencing conventions  Stylistic conventions vary from Universities Departments/Subjects.  Contact the concerned authority.  Understand the style and practice.  Be cautious while generating automated references. COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 23
  • 24. Reference Styles  APA (American Psychological Association) Citation technique usually used in the Social Sciences  Chicago Style guide for typographical and citation techniques often used by academic publishers  Harvard The most commonly used style of referencing; used widely in academic journals  IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) Referencing guidelines used in the fields of Engineering and Technology COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 24
  • 25. Cont..  MLA (Modern Language Association) Style guide used particularly in academic writing for languages and literature.  MRHA (Modern Humanities Research Association) Style guide used for academic theses and essays in the Humanities  OSCOLA (Oxford Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities) Citation guidelines for legal materials.  Vancouver Style of referencing using a numerical system - often used in medical writing COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 25
  • 26. The Penalties of Plagiarism  Although plagiarism can be intentional or unintentional, both have consequences. – Receiving zero on the assignment – Failing the course – Suspension – Expulsion COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 26
  • 27. COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 27
  • 28. Tips  At first it may seem very difficult to develop your own views.  You are not necessarily expected to become an original thinker, but you are expected to be an independent one.  Assess critically the work of others, weigh up differing arguments and draw your own conclusions.  Practice any one reference style (APA). COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 28
  • 29. Cont..  Mastery of the techniques of academic writing is not merely a practical skill, but one that lends both credibility and authority to your work.  All these only possible, if you are: * Analytical in your approach * A true reader and reviewer * Discuss and debate COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 29
  • 30. COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 30
  • 31. Disclaimer: The information and screenshots used in this presentations are used for educational training, teaching and research, not for any commercial purposes. © 2011 Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 31
  • 32. References          http://www.ox.ac.uk/students/academic/goodpractice/about/ http://www.admin.cam.ac.uk/univ/plagiarism/students/statement.html www.centralia.edu/academics/.../Plagiarism.ppt http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plagiarism_detection http://examples.yourdictionary.com/examples/examples-of-paraphrasing.html http://fairuse.stanford.edu/Copyright_and_Fair_Use_Overview/chapter9/9-a.html http://blog.writingshield.com/index.php/2011/02/understanding-student-plagiarism/ www.google.com http://www.telegraphindia.com/1121002/jsp/nation/story_16042659.jsp COIST | Librarian Santosh C. Hulagabali 32