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Samba Server Setup Samba Service File and Printer Sharing from LINIX to Windows Uses smb Daemon service smb start/stop/restart
Samba Server Setup What is Samba?? Samba is an Open Source Suite, that provides seamless file and print services to SMB/CIFS clients. • Samba is freely available. • With Samba, you can share a Linux files ystem with Windows and vice versa. • You can also share printers connected to either Linux or a system with Windows. • Samba enables a Linux or Unix server to function as a file server for client PCs running Windows software.
Samba Server Setup What is Samba?? What is SMB? • SMB stands for – Server Message Block. • It is a protocol by which a lot of PC-related machines share files and printers and other information such as lists of available files and printers. • Operating systems that support this natively include Windows, OS/2, and Linux. What is CIFS? • CIFS – Common Internet File System is a protocol that is basically an updated SMB.
Samba Server Setup Components of SMB smbd daemon: This provides the file and print services to SMB clients such as Windows NT or other Linux or Unix clients. • smb.conf: This is the configuration file for smbd. • nmbd daemon: This daemon provides NetBIOS nameserving and browsing support. • smbclient: This is an smb client program that implement a simple FTP-like client on a Linux or Unix box. • smbmount: This mounting program enables mounting of server directories on a Linux or Unix box.
Samba Server Setup Components of SMB • testparm: This utility is used to test the smb.conf configuration file. • smbstatus: This programs lists the current Samba connections. • SWAT: Swat allows a Samba administrator to configure the smb.conf file via a Web browser. • smbpasswd: This allows the user to change the password used for their SMB sessions.
Samba Server Setup Installation and Setup The Samba Server package can be downloaded from the Samba website. • The file needs to be untared and then configured using a ./configure command in the source directory. • Then the smb.conf file should be created. The smb.conf file has three separate sections: [global] : This section controls parameters for the entire SMB server. It also provides default values for the other sections. Examples: workgroup = MYGROUP server string = Samba Server
Samba Server Setup Installation and Setup Continued… hosts allow = 192.168.1 127. printcap name = /etc/printcap load printers = yes guest account = pcguest encrypt passwords = yes smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd [homes]: This section allows network clients to connect to a user’s home directory without having an explicit entry in the smb.conf file. Examples: [homes] browseable = no writeable = yes
Samba Server Setup Installation and Setup Continued… [printers]: This section is used to specify which printers are available. Examples: [printers] print ok = yes printer name = lp_mine path = /home/everyone The testparm program helps in testing the smb.conf file once it is configured.
Samba Server Setup Samba Server Configuration Use GUI Applications Server Settings Services SMB Configuration File: /etc/samba/smb.conf Configuring File and Directory Sharing [share_name] comment = Freds Home Directory path = /home/fred valid users = fred public = no writable = yes printable = no
Samba Server Setup Samba Server Configuration Configuring Printer Sharing [printer_share_name] comment = Freds Printer valid users = fred path = /var/spool/samba printer = freds_printer public = no writable = no printable = yes
Samba Server Setup Authentication Methods Use local username/password (stored in /etc/samba/smbpasswd) To add a local user: smbpasswd –a fred (fred should be a user in /etc/passwd)
HOW TO CONNECT LINUX TO WINDOWStep 1st. First we check there is samba server package is installed or not. We find packagesamba* not installed. Then we install samba* package with help of yum server. Here samba server is installing
Step 2nd. We have to create a DIRECTORY on / which one has to be shared. Then we createa valid user who has been shared the directories. 1.4 Directory (/manoz) and valid (AARAV) user has been created.
Step 3rd. Now we get the knowledge of our system’s IP address and who has been made by us is being connecting or not.1.5Now we got system’s IP address. But there is error in connection. Now we have totroubleshoot this connection error for this valid user.
Step 4th. In the next step we open the samba server configuration file. Command: vim /etc/samba/conf/smb.conf1.6This is configuration file.
Step 5th. Last page of configuration file we make some changes here.1.8After saving changes safely we came out from this configuration file.
Step 6th. Now we check the context of directory (/manoz). Command: ls –lZ /manoz1.9Context of the directory is default now we make it samba because directory is shared by particular Samba server.
Step 7th. For changing the context of the directory we have to set boolians of the samba server. 1.10 Using getsebool command we can turn on the Booleans of samba.
Step 8th. Now we set context of directory as samba.Command: chcon –R –t samba_etc_t /manoz 1.11 Context changed of directory successfully.
Step 9th. Now we try to connect the user.Command: smbclient //192.168.0.12/manoz –U AARAV 1.12 Connection is successfully done.
Step 10th. Check the shared directory.Command: ls 1.13 Shared directory is there.
Samba Server Setup Samba Client Configuration Share the Samba Directory on Windows machine Share the Samba Filesystem on Unix machine by specifying in /etc/fstab server1:/smbdata /users/smbdata smbfs defaults 0 0 or use smbmount //server1/smbdata /users/smbdata –o username=fred
Samba Server Setup Samba Basic Configuration # mkdir santosh # cd santosh # ls # touch a b c d (touch – blank file creation) # ls
Samba Server Setup Samba Basic Configuration # nano /etc/samba/smb.conf (Go to end of config file i.e from public and remove the comments) Make following ammendment [santoshshare] (by replacing [public]) Comment = My share files Path = /santosh Public = yes Browseable = yes Valid users = santosh Writable = no Hosts allow = 192.168.1. (only 3 octets) (save and exit)
Samba Server Setup Samba Basic Configuration # smb passwd –a santosh Passwd : abc123 (any password) Retype passwd : abc123 # service smb restart Go to windows – run – and type – 192.168.1.111(samba server ip)
Samba Server Setup Samba Basic Configuration (Disable iptables) # iptables –L (wiil display iptables) # iptables – F (wiil flush iptables) # service iptables save # service iptables stop # set enforce 0 (enforce policy) (now go to run in windows and type 192.168.1.111)
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