Transferable skills are always necessary, regardless of the career you choose. Transferable Skills Communication skills Listening skills Problem-solving skills Adaptability skills Teamwork skills Organizing skills
Top 10 skills in order of importance
Formal or informal Why Presentation
Information Visuals Components of Good Presentation You Visuals Information You Information Visuals Information Visuals You
Information Visuals Components of Good Presentation
Theme Tone Support Visuals Story Data Closing Presentation Flow Point Point Point Point Point
A. Key point B. Key assertions C. Sub - assertions D. Evidence The Point Assertion 2 A Pyramid Structure Assertion 1
“ Pyramid Principle” requires you to begin with the insight or conclusion and then follow up with the support
Mint candy consumption is expected to grow rapidly over the next five years
Current capacity will reach maximum next year
May want to add capacity meet demand
Limits the amount of energy needed from the audience to connect ideas
Ensures the audience will focus on the essential points
Limits the risk the audience misconnect points or misinterpret relations you want to emphasize
Enables one to structure the storyline clearly and efficiently, starting from the top of the pyramid
We should consider adding capacity to meet growing demand
Mint candy market is expected to grow rapidly over the next five years (CAGR 30%)
Our capacity will reach maximum next year
Reverse your logic flow
Your purpose is to tell an interesting story of your idea
Tell what you are going to tell
2. Tell it
3. Then, tell what you have told
Get audience attention
Provide motivation to listen
Provide an overview & structure
Set the tone/atmosphere
Tell them what you’re going to tell them
Get them involved
Add emphasis to important points
Motivate response/further investigation
Tell them what you told them
0 Use emphasis to express meaning. Adjust your volume and rate. Control your pitch. Work on your voice quality . Improve your pronunciation. Using Your Voice as a Communication Tool
“ naturally” – not “natcherly”
“ accessory” – not “assessory”
“ don’t you” – not “doncha”
0 Improve your pronunciation. Using Your Voice as a Communication Tool
Do you sound friendly, alert, or positive?
Do you sound angry, slow-witted, or negative?
Work on your voice quality . Improve your pronunciation. Using Your Voice as a Communication Tool
Avoid a flat, monotone voice.
Strive for a variety of pitch patterns.
0 Work on your voice quality . Control your pitch. Using Your Voice as a Communication Tool
0 Adjust your volume and rate. Control your pitch. Using Your Voice as a Communication Tool Speak as loudly or softly as the occasion demands. Don’t make your listeners strain to hear you. Don’t speak too rapidly.
Stress those words that require emphasis.
A lower pitch and volume make you sound professional or reasonable.
0 Use emphasis to express meaning. Adjust your volume and rate. Using Your Voice as a Communication Tool
“ Ask not what your country can do for you;
“ ask what you can do for your country”.
Same message: many ways to deliver
Martin Luther King.
I have a dream
that one day this nation will rise up; live up to the true meaning to its creed: We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal.
Vocal Skills : Enthusiasm
Visuals Reinforce Message
Focus on one idea per visual
Don’t over design
Use headlines that hammer main ideas
Write like you speak
Speaker Reads Slides
A speaker may put his entire presentation on his slides. He turns his back to the audience and reads the slides aloud. Perhaps he feels this approach guarantees all the information will get to the audience.
This may be the most annoying way to give a presentation. Audience members feel insulted: they already know how to read! They wonder why the lecturer doesn’t simply hand out a copy of the slides.
The visual presentation dominates the presenter. The presenter is not adding any value to what is on the slides.
Speaker Interprets Slides
Provide all content
Helps audience understand
Slides Enhance Speaker
Slides support speaker
Here are some of the things many listeners want from a talk:
Change in Thinking Higher level of understanding Change in Performance Change in Behavior Learning