Fractures Presentation

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This presentation showcases some of the different types of fracture with special emphasis on three types of fracture.

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Fractures Presentation

  1. 1. Presented by Kingsley Ubawike <br />Biology 120 <br />FRACTURES <br />
  2. 2. A fracture means a broken bone.<br />Bones may fracture completely or partially.<br />WHAT ARE FRACTURES<br />
  3. 3. Some of the different types of fractures<br />Oblique Comminuted Spiral Compound<br />
  4. 4. CAUSES OF FRACTURES<br />TRAUMA;<br />Fractures could occur due to excessive trauma to bones, it could be auto accidents, falls, or sports related.<br />OSTEOPOROSIS;<br />This refers to a group of bone diseases in which bone resorption outpaces bone deposits.<br />OVERUSE;<br />Professional athletes put their bodies through high endurance training and these oftentimes constitute a lot of stress on bones and joints. <br />
  5. 5. COMMINUTED FRACTURE<br />Description;<br />Bone fractures into three or more pieces.<br />Bone fragments around the area.<br />Common with older people.<br />Reason;<br />Bones are brittle due to osteoporosis.<br />
  6. 6. GREENSTICK FRACTURE<br />Description;<br />Bone breaks incompletely like a twig breaks.<br />Common in children.<br />Reason;<br />Bones are more flexible.<br />Contains more organic matrix.<br />
  7. 7. SPIRAL FRACTURE<br />Description;<br />A ragged break.<br />Bone breaks in a helical form.<br />Common with athletes (high energy sports, contact sports).<br />Difficult to treat<br />
  8. 8. DIAGNOSIS<br />Snapping or cracking sound is heard immediately the injury occurs.<br />Excruciating pain is felt at the injured area.<br />Area becomes tender and swollen.<br />X-rays are used to diagnose the particular bone broken and also if alignment is needed.<br />
  9. 9. TREATMENT OF FRACTURES<br />Use of splints.<br />Use of casts.<br />Braces are also used.<br />Surgery is often used when there is need for alignment;<br />Closed reduction and casting; <br />Invasive procedure carried out by orthopedic surgeon in which pins, metals might be inserted to hold the bones in proper alignment until bone heals. <br />Open reduction;<br />Invasive procedure also carried out by orthopedic surgeon. <br />
  10. 10. RECOVERY<br />This depends on the following factors;<br />General health of the individual.<br />Age of the individual.<br />Type of fracture.<br />What bone is fractured.<br />Location of fractured bone.<br />
  11. 11. Fractures could be very painful and safety procedures should be implemented at work areas all the time.<br />SUMMARY<br />

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