Santharooban, S      (Assistant Librarian)             and       Sathaananthan, T           (Lecturer)Faculty of Health-Ca...
   It is observed and reported by several authors    that the library usage decline in most of    academic libraries.    ...
   These developments have reduced the need    to visit the library.   Decline in library usage changes the    knowledge...
   But, the improved teaching-learning process    will increases use of library.    ◦ this will increase the knowledge ba...
   Problem-based learning (PBL) originally    started in the field of Medical education.   It is a teaching learning pro...
   The PBL improve the self directed learning.   With its emphasis on independent learning    and information-gathering,...
   In the PBL of FHCS, students are given with real    case history.   Students are divided into groups and discuss    c...
The objective of the present study is toanalyse the impact of PBL on the library usageof students of Faculty Health-Care S...
   The daily usage was record from November    2008 to July 2010.   The numbers of student users coming to the    librar...
   Chi-squared test (p <0.00) reveals that there    is a association between PBL teaching period    and increase in libra...
Periods
   Results shows that the PBL have impact on    the library usage.   In PBL, the self-directed learning are    encourage...
   Since the PBL is an integrated approach,    solution will NOT be obtained only through a    particular discipline,   ...
   Observational evidences from present study    show that in-house reference is dramatically    increased than lending....
   Though the PBL is widely practiced in medical    education, it can be recommended to other    non-medical faculties to...
Increasing the use of library and self-motivated learning by Problem Based Learning (PBL) approach at Faculty of Health-Ca...
Increasing the use of library and self-motivated learning by Problem Based Learning (PBL) approach at Faculty of Health-Ca...
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Increasing the use of library and self-motivated learning by Problem Based Learning (PBL) approach at Faculty of Health-Care Sciences, EUSL

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Increasing the use of library and self-motivated learning by Problem Based Learning (PBL) approach at Faculty of Health-Care Sciences, EUSL.
Paper presented at ARS 2010, EUSL

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Increasing the use of library and self-motivated learning by Problem Based Learning (PBL) approach at Faculty of Health-Care Sciences, EUSL

  1. 1. Santharooban, S (Assistant Librarian) and Sathaananthan, T (Lecturer)Faculty of Health-Care Sciences@ Annual Research Session-2010 Eastern University, Sri Lanka
  2. 2.  It is observed and reported by several authors that the library usage decline in most of academic libraries.  libraries become deserted libraries. There are several reasons for the decline of the library use. ◦ Technology has widened variety of electronic resources. ◦ (sometime) Students are given with handful of notes.
  3. 3.  These developments have reduced the need to visit the library. Decline in library usage changes the knowledge background and information- seeking habits for students (and staff too). In parallel, plagiarism is increased. Decline in the use of physical collections and services, make it difficult to justify  additional space,  staffing and  other traditional resources
  4. 4.  But, the improved teaching-learning process will increases use of library. ◦ this will increase the knowledge backgrounds of users The Problem Based Learning is such an approach which will encourages the students’ search for information literacy and thereby increase the use of library.
  5. 5.  Problem-based learning (PBL) originally started in the field of Medical education. It is a teaching learning process where the learning takes place by finding solution for real-world problems. The students are given a scenario on a topic and they work in teams through a structured process to solve problem.
  6. 6.  The PBL improve the self directed learning. With its emphasis on independent learning and information-gathering, the PBL environment promotes many values of library. Faculty of Health-Care Sciences, EUSL has introduced PBL in its curriculum.
  7. 7.  In the PBL of FHCS, students are given with real case history. Students are divided into groups and discuss cases. The PBL class is facilitated by two tutors and resource person. At the end of the each PBL day, students are provided with learning needs related to the case history. Students search the information to study the learning needs given in the PBL class. In the next PBL day, the learning needs will be discussed. This will continue for a week.
  8. 8. The objective of the present study is toanalyse the impact of PBL on the library usageof students of Faculty Health-Care Sciences.
  9. 9.  The daily usage was record from November 2008 to July 2010. The numbers of student users coming to the library during the PBL week was compared with traditional lecture period. The two sets of data were compared using student-t test. Association between PBL period and increased frequency of library users was tested by Chi-squared.
  10. 10.  Chi-squared test (p <0.00) reveals that there is a association between PBL teaching period and increase in library usage by students. significant different (p=0.014<0.05) between the number of student users during PBL weeks and preceding week of traditional lecture. Average student user/day in PBL > Average student user/day in non- PBL.
  11. 11. Periods
  12. 12.  Results shows that the PBL have impact on the library usage. In PBL, the self-directed learning are encouraged among the students. The facilitators motivate the students’ critical thinking. It stimulates the students searching habits for literature related to their field. The library facilitate to solve the problem. This will automatically increase the library usage.
  13. 13.  Since the PBL is an integrated approach, solution will NOT be obtained only through a particular discipline, must have to read all the disciplines related to the problem. students become a voracious readers and improves their knowledge and skill. Other experimental evidences also indicates that PBL students learn as well as traditional students and enjoy learning more than students studying identical subjects in traditional, lecture based curricula.
  14. 14.  Observational evidences from present study show that in-house reference is dramatically increased than lending. This type of library usage improve the ◦ students’ self learning ability, ◦ life long learning and ◦ information searching For medical profession, continuous learning is essential to overcome newly emerging problems.
  15. 15.  Though the PBL is widely practiced in medical education, it can be recommended to other non-medical faculties to adopt PBL in their curriculum.

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