Silent filmsBefore the 1930s, all films were silent. They were justshort clips of slapstick, sporting events or everydayactivities of no more than 10 minutes.
Early pioneers of cinema include the Lumiere brothers, who directed short filmscomposed of different photographic images placed together to create a motionpicture. As the technology developed, other filmmakers like Georges Méliès andLuis Buñuel began to experiment with different techniques involving light, settingand camera angles.Contemporary audiences were astonished by the new technology. Onthe first screening of this early silent film, ‘Arrival of a Train..’, somemembers of the audience left the cinema in fear because they thoughtthat the train would come right through the screen. Filmmakersenjoyed shocking their audiences! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1dgLEDdFddk&f eature=related
Charlie ChaplinHe was born in London, and then moved to USA, where hebecame the first Hollywood star in the 1910s. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ufeMOIYUgBU
Other early classic filmsThe most famous early films include King Kong, SnowWhite and The Seven Dwarfs and the Wizard of Oz.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CuRQH_hLcTw
Alfred HitchcockIn the 1930s, films started to have sound. The first film to feature sound wasAlan Crosland’s ‘The Jazz Singer’.One of the pioneers of film and the most famous British director of this timewas Alfred Hitchcock. He created many techniques used today in crime andhorror films. He famously appeared in a cameo in all his films.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8VP5jEAP3K4His most famous films are ‘North by Northwest’, ‘Psycho’, and ‘The Man WhoKnew Too Much’.
James DeanJames Dean remains an icon of cinema to this day. The Americanactor became famous for his acclaimed performances in hit films ofthe 1950’s, including ‘Rebel Without A Cause’. Tragically, the youngactor died in a car crash in 1955, aged just 24. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=stdG8JBuCfs
The 1960sDuring this time, technology had improved and many films were being madein both USA and Britain. In USA, the famous ones from this time are ‘TheSound of Music’, ‘Dr Strangelove’ and ‘Bonnie and Clyde’. Whilst in theUK, ‘Mary Poppins’ and the first James Bond were made. In 1967, the epic‘Jungle Book’ was released. Brendon and James are both big fans! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9JDzlhW3XTM
Marilyn MonroeDespite her death at only 36 years old in the 1960s, MarilynMonroe has remained one of the most recognisable charactersin cinema history. She made her debut with the famous MarxBrother´s in 1949 and continued to make over 30 films until herdeath. Her most remembered film is ‘Gentlemen Prefer Blondes’and she has been portrayed in many programmes since.
Sir Michael CaineAn English actor ,who won 2 Academy Awards, made his success through hisroles in the popular 70s films ‘Alfie’ and ‘Get Carter’, but became a cult herofor ‘The Italian Job’ - famous for the Mini Cooper cars. He went on to appearin very successful films like the ‘Muppets Christmas Carol’, ‘AustinPowers’, ‘Batman’, ‘Cars’, and ‘Inception’.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j0nXDOr1r6A
Clint EastwoodA very famous filmstar of the 60s and 70s, Clint Eastwood starredin Westerns like ‘A Fistful Dollars’, ‘The Man With No Name’, ‘TheGood, The Bad and The Ugly’, and ‘Dirty Harry’. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u0-oinyjsk0
Woody AllenOne of the most famous comic actors and directors of American cinema, theNew Yorker starred in popular 70s/80s films like ‘Annie Hall’, ‘Manhattan’, and¡Hannah and Her Sisters¡, before later directing films like ‘Vicky CristinaBarcelona’ and ‘Scoop’.
The start of HollywoodThe 1970s led to a launch of new films. In Britain, ‘A ClockworkOrange’ is a cult classic. In the USA, ‘The Godfather’films, ‘Indiana Jones’, ‘Star Wars’, and ‘Jaws’ began the start ofpopular film series.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UPEHygqoKZU
Al Pacino Al Pacino emerged as a huge Hollywood star. He is famous for playing mobsters, including Michael Corleone in ‘The Godfather’ trilogy, Tony Montana in ‘Scarface’, Alphonse "Big Boy" Caprice in ‘Dick Tracy’ and Carlito Brigante in ‘Carlitos Way’. These films focused on mafia-themed storyline and were set in inner-city America. The storylines were adapted have been adapted for use in the Grand Theft Auto videogame series.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2I91DJZKRxs&feature=related
Famous films of 70s‘The Exorcist’ was one of the best horror films of the 70s, and is still widelyconsidered as one of the most scary films.The 70s also brought the rise of John Travolta with ‘Saturday Night Fever’ andlater on ‘Grease’.
The 1980sIn the 1980s, films like ‘Batman’ with JackNicholson, ‘The Shining’, ‘Scarface’ and ‘Raging Bull’were new films, but the most popular were the sequelsto the Godfather films, Star Wars and Jaws.
Popular films of 80s‘Ghostbusters’ was one of the highest grossing films of the 1980s. It´s acult classic and starred the popular actor Bill Murray. It´s about a groupof people who catch ghosts.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d-sALU_hveA ‘Back to the Future’ is a film made in the 80s that is still shown today around Christmas time. It´s about a boy who travels back in time in a car, which has now become a famous icon.
Some popular comedies included ‘Naked Gun’ and ‘Airplane’ starring Leslie Nelson, ‘Beverly Hills Cop’ starring Eddie Murphy and ‘Honey I Shrunk The Kids’.The 80s was the beginning of action films like ‘Rocky’, ‘Terminator’ and ‘Die Hard’.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NubH5BDOaD8
The 1990sThe 1990s produced many famous films, some of which you may have seen. The highest grossing film was ‘Titanic’ butfilms like ‘Jurassic Park’, ‘The Matrix’, ‘Fight Club’ and ‘Forest Gump’ were very popular as well. The 1990s also saw therelease of Danny Boyle´s cult classic ‘Trainspotting’, which signalled the emergence of British independent film. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x2-MCPa_3rUhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Xkq8-bQuB4&feature=related
‘Home Alone’ is an iconic Christmas film. Starring Macaulay Culkin as a boy left athome for Christmas. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q3Tyy-gLMG4 It was also the big start for Disney Pixar with ‘Toy Story’, ‘Aladdin’, ‘Lion King’ and ‘A Bugs Life’. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iG9VLxlccx4 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XBldeX565xw
Three of the most popular genres of the 90s were romance, romanticcomedies and dramas like ‘Thelma and Louise’. Meg Ryan was the star of hitfilms of this era like ‘When Harry Met Sally’ and ‘You´ve Got Mail’, whilst JuliaRoberts was in films like ‘Pretty Woman’ and ‘Notting Hill’ with Hugh Grant.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4z88U915uq8Sandra Bullock was a break away star of this era, with films like‘While You Were Sleeping’ and ‘Miss Congeniality’ but she alsowon awards for her performances in the action thrillers ‘Speed’and ‘A Time To Kill’.
Quentin TarantinoTarantino is one of the most celebrated directors in cinema history. He beganto create independent films in the early 1990s, and went on to record popularsuccess with Reservoir Dogs (1992), Pulp Fiction (1994), Jackie Brown(1997), Kill Bill (2003, 2004), Death Proof (2007), and Inglourious Basterds(2009). He has won an Academy Award, a Golden Globe Award, a BAFTA andthe Palme dOr, as well as Emmy and Grammy nominations. He is famous forexperimenting with traditional filmmaking techniques, with films employingnonlinear storylines and the aestheticization of violence.
James BondJames Bond is one of the best British film series, famous around the World. It spans 4decades, making it the longest running film series ever, with 22 films and it has madeover $5billion.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A99k_raQogg&feature=relatedThe most recent one is Quantum of Solace with Daniel Craig, but the other 5 JamesBond actors are Sean Connery, George Lazenby, Roger Moore, Timothy Dalton andPierce Brosnan.
Guy RitchieBritish filmmaker Guy Ritchie´s gangster-inspired storylines and dark comedy won himlegions of admirers in the 1990s and 2000s. His most famous films are ‘Snatch’ and‘Lock, Stock and Two Smoking Barrels’. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nG_Nwp0wZc0
2000sIn the noughties, supernatural films like Lord of the Rings, HarryPotter and Twilight have been very popular.
As technology improves, animations are becoming more andmore popular. The Shrek series, Toy Story, The Incredibles, Wall-Eand Monsters INC are some of the most popular films of thisdecade. As well as the British Classic: Wallace and Gromithttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mk6zbY8i4_8
Christopher NolanDirector Christopher Nolan has produced some of the most popular andmoney-spinning films of recent times. His successful productions include‘The Dark Knight’ and ‘Inception’. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7yshUmxuEjE&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0OYBEquZ_j0
Hollywood comedy films like The Hangover, Superbad, American Pie, WeddingCrashers, Meet the Parents and the British film Shaun of the Dead are some ofnotable comedy films of the noughties.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LkNz9a8Wclg
Which of these films have you seen, do you likeor would like to see?How is Spanish cinema different from British andAmerican?Which actors/actresses do you like?