Social Studies Chapter 2- Communities are Different and Alike

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Houghton Mifflin- Share Our World Level 3

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  • 1. Social Studies Chapter 2 Communities are Different and Alike
  • 2. Different Types of Communities
  • 3. • The total number of people living in a certain place.
  • 4. • The total number of people living in a certain place. • The population of Absecon is about 8,000 people.
  • 5. • The total number of people living in a certain place. • The population of Absecon is about 8,000 people. • The population of Atlantic City is about 40,000 people.
  • 6. • The total number of people living in a certain place. • The population of Absecon is about 8,000 people. • The population of Atlantic City is about 40,000 people. • The population of Chicago, Illinois is about 2,700,000 people.
  • 7. urban
  • 8. urban
  • 9. urban • This type of community has many people living closely together.
  • 10. urban • This type of community has many people living closely together. • An urban community may have thousands of houses and apartment buildings.
  • 11. urban • This type of community has many people living closely together. • An urban community may have thousands of houses and apartment buildings. • Cities with many skyscrapers are urban communities.
  • 12. suburb
  • 13. suburb
  • 14. suburb • A community located at the edge of a big city
  • 15. suburb • A community located at the edge of a big city. • People sometimes choose to live here to have more space but still be close to work, shopping & the arts
  • 16. rural
  • 17. rural
  • 18. rural
  • 19. rural • This type of community has fewer people and is surrounded by countryside.
  • 20. rural • This type of community has fewer people and is surrounded by countryside. • Many people who live here are farmers or ranchers..
  • 21. rural • This type of community has fewer people and is surrounded by countryside. • Many people who live here are farmers or ranchers.. • Homes and businesses can be scattered and far from one another.
  • 22. Chicago, Illinois
  • 23. Chicago, Illinois
  • 24. Chicago, Illinois • The world’s first skyscraper, The Home Insurance Building, was built in Chicago in 1845.
  • 25. Chicago, Illinois • The world’s first skyscraper, The Home Insurance Building, was built in Chicago in 1845.
  • 26. Chicago, Illinois • The world’s first skyscraper, The Home Insurance Building, was built in Chicago in 1845. • The city is on the shore of Lake Michigan, which is one of the Great Lakes.
  • 27. Chicago, Illinois • The world’s first skyscraper, The Home Insurance Building, was built in Chicago in 1845. • The city is on the shore of Lake Michigan, which is one of the Great Lakes. • Chicago is an urban community in the center of the United States.
  • 28. Chicago, Illinois • The world’s first skyscraper, The Home Insurance Building, was built in Chicago in 1845. • The city is on the shore of Lake Michigan, which is one of the Great Lakes. • Chicago is an urban community in the center of the United States. • Chicago’s railroads and airports are the busiest in the nation.
  • 29. Evanston, Illinois
  • 30. Evanston, Illinois
  • 31. Evanston, Illinois • A suburb north of Chicago
  • 32. Evanston, Illinois • A suburb north of Chicago • Home to a large university
  • 33. Evanston, Illinois • A suburb north of Chicago • Home to a large university • Many residents of Evanston work in Chicago.
  • 34. Evanston, Illinois • A suburb north of Chicago • Home to a large university • Many residents of Evanston work in Chicago. • Evanston residents can relax and play on the shores of Lake Michigan.
  • 35. Evanston, Illinois • A suburb north of Chicago • Home to a large university • Many residents of Evanston work in Chicago. • Evanston residents can relax and play on the shores of Lake Michigan.
  • 36. Grafton, Illinois
  • 37. Grafton, Illinois
  • 38. Grafton, Illinois • A rural community on the banks of the Mississippi River
  • 39. Grafton, Illinois • A rural community on the banks of the Mississippi River • There are forests and fields nearby.
  • 40. Grafton, Illinois • A rural community on the banks of the Mississippi River • There are forests and fields nearby. • Grafton has just one main road through the little town called Great River Road.
  • 41. Grafton, Illinois • A rural community on the banks of the Mississippi River • There are forests and fields nearby. • Grafton has just one main road through the little town called Great River Road.
  • 42. Grafton, Illinois • A rural community on the banks of the Mississippi River • There are forests and fields nearby. • Grafton has just one main road through the little town called Great River Road. • There are no traffic jams on the streets.
  • 43. Grafton, Illinois • A rural community on the banks of the Mississippi River • There are forests and fields nearby. • Grafton has just one main road through the little town called Great River Road. • There are no traffic jams on the streets. • Grafton has just a few stores or restaurants.
  • 44. Grafton, Illinois • A rural community on the banks of the Mississippi River • There are forests and fields nearby. • Grafton has just one main road through the little town called Great River Road. • There are no traffic jams on the streets. • Grafton has just a few stores or restaurants.
  • 45. Grafton, Illinois • A rural community on the banks of the Mississippi River • There are forests and fields nearby. • Grafton has just one main road through the little town called Great River Road. • There are no traffic jams on the streets. • Grafton has just a few stores or restaurants. • Most residents know each other in this quiet, little town.
  • 46. A Community at Different Times
  • 47. History
  • 48. History
  • 49. History • History is the study of the past
  • 50. History • History is the study of the past • When we study history, we learn about important events and the people who were a part of those events.
  • 51. History • History is the study of the past • When we study history, we learn about important events and the people who were a part of those events.
  • 52. Living in the Desert • For thousands of years, Native Americans have lived in this area. They are known as “Desert People.” • Around 1690, Spanish explorers claimed this land and much more land in North America. They called it Mexico. • In 1692, Tuscon got its name from a Spanish man named Father Kino. He built a mission. • The Spanish wanted the Native Americans to learn the Catholic religion. • Spain ruled Tucson until Mexico won its independence from Spain in 1821. • In 1854, the United States bought the land around Tucson from Mexico, making Tucson and American town.
  • 53. mission
  • 54. mission • In 1692 Father Kino gave Tucson its name. • He called the area San Cosme de Tucson. • Father Kino started a mission where people teach their religion to others.
  • 55. mission • In 1692 Father Kino gave Tucson its name. • He called the area San Cosme de Tucson. • Father Kino started a mission where people teach their religion to others. religion
  • 56. mission • In 1692 Father Kino gave Tucson its name. • He called the area San Cosme de Tucson. • Father Kino started a mission where people teach their religion to others. religion • A belief about God or gods. • The Spanish wanted Native Americans to learn the Catholic religion.
  • 57. Mining in the land near Tucson
  • 58. Mining in the land near Tucson
  • 59. • People tried to make money by digging for gold and silver in the mountains around Tucson. • There wasn’t much gold to find. • The silver was very hard to dig out. Mining in the land near Tucson
  • 60. • People tried to make money by digging for gold and silver in the mountains around Tucson. • There wasn’t much gold to find. • The silver was very hard to dig out. Mining in the land near Tucson
  • 61. • People tried to make money by digging for gold and silver in the mountains around Tucson. • There wasn’t much gold to find. • The silver was very hard to dig out. • Later, people came to Tucson to dig for another metal called copper. • There was a lot of copper to mine. • There is still copper found there today. Mining in the land near Tucson
  • 62. transportation
  • 63. transportation • A way to move people and supplies from place to place
  • 64. transportation • A way to move people and supplies from place to place
  • 65. transportation • A way to move people and supplies from place to place • Trains were a new form of transportation in the United States.
  • 66. transportation • A way to move people and supplies from place to place • Trains were a new form of transportation in the United States. • In 1880, the railroad came to Tucson.
  • 67. transportation • A way to move people and supplies from place to place • Trains were a new form of transportation in the United States. • In 1880, the railroad came to Tucson. • Tucson copper could now be transported by train to other cities.
  • 68. transportation • A way to move people and supplies from place to place • Trains were a new form of transportation in the United States. • In 1880, the railroad came to Tucson. • Tucson copper could now be transported by train to other cities.
  • 69. transportation • A way to move people and supplies from place to place • Trains were a new form of transportation in the United States. • In 1880, the railroad came to Tucson. • Tucson copper could now be transported by train to other cities. • Many workers who helped build the railroad came all the way from China. • Many Chinese workers stayed in Tucson after the railroad was done. They opened many small businesses in the city.
  • 70. Schools in Tucson
  • 71. Long Ago in Tucson Schools in Tucson
  • 72. Long Ago in Tucson • The first public school opened in 1868. Most students spoke Spanish. • In 1888, Native American children got their own school. • Many graduates of this school went on to become leaders in Native American communities around Tucson. Schools in Tucson
  • 73. Long Ago in Tucson Today in Tucson • The first public school opened in 1868. Most students spoke Spanish. • In 1888, Native American children got their own school. • Many graduates of this school went on to become leaders in Native American communities around Tucson. Schools in Tucson
  • 74. Long Ago in Tucson Today in Tucson • The first public school opened in • Today, Tucson is still a center for learning. • The University of Arizona is located in 1868. Most students spoke Spanish. • In 1888, Native American children got their own school. • Many graduates of this school went on to become leaders in Native American communities around Tucson. Tucson. • The Native American population in Arizona is among the largest in the USA. • This area is also home to more speakers of Native American languages than any other state. Schools in Tucson
  • 75. Homes in Tucson
  • 76. Early Homes Homes in Tucson
  • 77. Early Homes • Tucson was known as a village at first. • Homes were made of mud bricks called adobe. The bricks formed a very thick wall. • Mud walls kept the home warm in winter and cool in summer. • Tucson summers can reach over 110°. Homes in Tucson
  • 78. Early Homes Homes of Today • Tucson was known as a village at first. • Homes were made of mud bricks called adobe. The bricks formed a very thick wall. • Mud walls kept the home warm in winter and cool in summer. • Tucson summers can reach over 110°. Homes in Tucson
  • 79. Early Homes Homes of Today • Tucson was known as a village at first. • Homes were made of mud bricks called adobe. The bricks formed a very thick wall. • Mud walls kept the home warm in winter and cool in summer. • Tucson summers can reach over 110°. • Buildings and homes are built from concrete, wood and steel. • Air conditioning is an invention that has made it easier for people to live and work in Tucson. • Now, skyscrapers stand against the sky. Tucson has become a large, urban community. Homes in Tucson
  • 80. Communities Share Many Things
  • 81. culture
  • 82. culture • The way of life of a group of people • Different groups in the US have their own ways of doing things.
  • 83. culture • The way of life of a group of people • Different groups in the US have their own ways of doing things. • Religious beliefs
  • 84. culture • The way of life of a group of people • Different groups in the US have their own ways of doing things. • Religious beliefs • Foods
  • 85. culture • The way of life of a group of people • Different groups in the US have their own ways of doing things. • Religious beliefs • Foods • Language • Songs and dances
  • 86. culture • The way of life of a group of people • Different groups in the US have their own ways of doing things. • Religious beliefs • Foods • Language • Songs and dances • Every day activities like going to school
  • 87. custom
  • 88. custom • an activity or way of behaving that is traditional among the people in a particular group or place. • A custom is usually performed often and regularly, sometimes even on a daily basis. • Customs are different all over the world. • Some customs may surprise you!
  • 89. tradition
  • 90. tradition • An important activity that has been done for many years by a group of people. • Traditions occur regularly and are usually considered special or formal. • Traditions are performed on certain occasions. • Traditions can be performed within a family, a community or a religion.
  • 91. Tulsa, Oklahoma Celebrates Two Different Cultures
  • 92. Tulsa, Oklahoma Celebrates Two Different Cultures The Tulsa Powwow • A yearly tradition to honor the Native Americans in the community • The powwow lasts four days, and people come from all over the country. • They perform dances that have been handed down among Native Americans for over 500 years. • People enjoy Native American crafts and foods. • The powwow keeps ancient Native American cultures and customs alive.
  • 93. Tulsa, Oklahoma Celebrates Two Different Cultures The Tulsa Powwow • A yearly tradition to honor the Native Americans in the community • The powwow lasts four days, and people come from all over the country. • They perform dances that have been handed down among Native Americans for over 500 years. • People enjoy Native American crafts and foods. • The powwow keeps ancient Native American cultures and customs alive.
  • 94. Tulsa, Oklahoma Celebrates Two Different Cultures The Tulsa Powwow • A yearly tradition to honor the Native Americans in the community • The powwow lasts four days, and people come from all over the country. • They perform dances that have been handed down among Native Americans for over 500 years. • People enjoy Native American crafts and foods. • The powwow keeps ancient Native American cultures and customs alive. The Scottish Games • Long ago, many families moved from Scotland to the US and became settlers in Tulsa.. • This traditional festival allows everyone to learn about Tulsa’s Scottish culture. • About 10,000 people attend, playing unfamiliar games of strength and tasting Scottish foods. • There is a contest to see who can throw a big log the farthest.
  • 95. January- Martin Luther King Day February- President's Day May- Memorial Day July- Independence Day August- Labor Day October- Columbus Day November- Veterans Day November- Thanksgiving Day
  • 96. January- Martin Luther King Day February- President's Day May- Memorial Day July- Independence Day August- Labor Day October- Columbus Day November- Veterans Day November- Thanksgiving Day
  • 97. National Holidays A day set aside to celebrate an event or honor a person who is special to our country. January- Martin Luther King Day February- President's Day May- Memorial Day July- Independence Day August- Labor Day October- Columbus Day November- Veterans Day November- Thanksgiving Day
  • 98. What do you need to get ready for your test? • Textbook • Journal • Flashcards • View the slideshow online Good Luck!