Social Studies Chapter 2
Communities are Different and Alike
Different Types of Communities
• The total number of people living in a certain place.
• The total number of people living in a certain place.
• The population of Absecon is about 8,000 people.
• The total number of people living in a certain place.
• The population of Absecon is about 8,000 people.
• The populatio...
• The total number of people living in a certain place.
• The population of Absecon is about 8,000 people.
• The populatio...
urban
urban
urban

• This type of community has many people living closely together.
urban

• This type of community has many people living closely together.
• An urban community may have thousands of houses...
urban

• This type of community has many people living closely together.
• An urban community may have thousands of houses...
suburb
suburb
suburb
• A community located at the edge of a big city
suburb
• A community located at the edge of a big city.
• People sometimes choose to live here to have more space but stil...
rural
rural
rural
rural

• This type of community has fewer people and is surrounded by countryside.
rural

• This type of community has fewer people and is surrounded by countryside.
• Many people who live here are farmers...
rural

• This type of community has fewer people and is surrounded by countryside.
• Many people who live here are farmers...
Chicago, Illinois
Chicago, Illinois
Chicago, Illinois
• The world’s first skyscraper, The Home Insurance Building, was built in Chicago
in 1845.
Chicago, Illinois
• The world’s first skyscraper, The Home Insurance Building, was built in Chicago
in 1845.
Chicago, Illinois
• The world’s first skyscraper, The Home Insurance Building, was built in Chicago
in 1845.

• The city i...
Chicago, Illinois
• The world’s first skyscraper, The Home Insurance Building, was built in Chicago
in 1845.

• The city i...
Chicago, Illinois
• The world’s first skyscraper, The Home Insurance Building, was built in Chicago
in 1845.

• The city i...
Evanston, Illinois
Evanston, Illinois
Evanston, Illinois
• A suburb north of Chicago
Evanston, Illinois
• A suburb north of Chicago
• Home to a large university
Evanston, Illinois
• A suburb north of Chicago
• Home to a large university
• Many residents of Evanston work in
Chicago.
Evanston, Illinois
• A suburb north of Chicago
• Home to a large university
• Many residents of Evanston work in
Chicago.
...
Evanston, Illinois
• A suburb north of Chicago
• Home to a large university
• Many residents of Evanston work in
Chicago.
...
Grafton, Illinois
Grafton, Illinois
Grafton, Illinois
• A rural community on the banks of
the Mississippi River
Grafton, Illinois
• A rural community on the banks of
the Mississippi River

• There are forests and fields nearby.
Grafton, Illinois
• A rural community on the banks of
the Mississippi River

• There are forests and fields nearby.
• Graf...
Grafton, Illinois
• A rural community on the banks of
the Mississippi River

• There are forests and fields nearby.
• Graf...
Grafton, Illinois
• A rural community on the banks of
the Mississippi River

• There are forests and fields nearby.
• Graf...
Grafton, Illinois
• A rural community on the banks of
the Mississippi River

• There are forests and fields nearby.
• Graf...
Grafton, Illinois
• A rural community on the banks of
the Mississippi River

• There are forests and fields nearby.
• Graf...
Grafton, Illinois
• A rural community on the banks of
the Mississippi River

• There are forests and fields nearby.
• Graf...
A Community at Different Times
History
History
History
• History is the study of the past
History
• History is the study of the past
• When we study history, we learn about important events and the
people who wer...
History
• History is the study of the past
• When we study history, we learn about important events and the
people who wer...
Living in the Desert
• For thousands of years, Native Americans have
lived in this area. They are known as “Desert
People....
mission
mission
• In 1692 Father Kino gave Tucson its name.
• He called the area San Cosme de Tucson.
• Father Kino started a miss...
mission
• In 1692 Father Kino gave Tucson its name.
• He called the area San Cosme de Tucson.
• Father Kino started a miss...
mission
• In 1692 Father Kino gave Tucson its name.
• He called the area San Cosme de Tucson.
• Father Kino started a miss...
Mining in the land near Tucson
Mining in the land near Tucson
• People tried to make money by digging
for gold and silver in the mountains
around Tucson.
• There wasn’t much gold to fi...
• People tried to make money by digging
for gold and silver in the mountains
around Tucson.
• There wasn’t much gold to fi...
• People tried to make money by digging
for gold and silver in the mountains
around Tucson.
• There wasn’t much gold to fi...
transportation
transportation
• A way to move people and supplies from
place to place
transportation
• A way to move people and supplies from
place to place
transportation
• A way to move people and supplies from
place to place

• Trains were a new form of transportation
in the ...
transportation
• A way to move people and supplies from
place to place

• Trains were a new form of transportation
in the ...
transportation
• A way to move people and supplies from
place to place

• Trains were a new form of transportation
in the ...
transportation
• A way to move people and supplies from
place to place

• Trains were a new form of transportation
in the ...
transportation
• A way to move people and supplies from
place to place

• Trains were a new form of transportation
in the ...
Schools in Tucson
Long Ago in Tucson

Schools in Tucson
Long Ago in Tucson
• The first public school opened in

1868. Most students spoke Spanish.

• In 1888, Native American chi...
Long Ago in Tucson

Today in Tucson

• The first public school opened in

1868. Most students spoke Spanish.

• In 1888, N...
Long Ago in Tucson

Today in Tucson

• The first public school opened in

• Today, Tucson is still a center for learning.
...
Homes in Tucson
Early Homes

Homes in Tucson
Early Homes
• Tucson was known as a village at first.
• Homes were made of mud bricks

called adobe. The bricks formed a
v...
Early Homes

Homes of Today

• Tucson was known as a village at first.
• Homes were made of mud bricks

called adobe. The ...
Early Homes

Homes of Today

• Tucson was known as a village at first.
• Homes were made of mud bricks

called adobe. The ...
Communities Share Many Things
culture
culture
• The way of life of a group of people
• Different groups in the US have their
own ways of doing things.
culture
• The way of life of a group of people
• Different groups in the US have their
own ways of doing things.

• Religi...
culture
• The way of life of a group of people
• Different groups in the US have their
own ways of doing things.

• Religi...
culture
• The way of life of a group of people
• Different groups in the US have their
own ways of doing things.

• Religi...
culture
• The way of life of a group of people
• Different groups in the US have their
own ways of doing things.

• Religi...
custom
custom
• an activity or way of behaving that is
traditional among the people in a particular
group or place.

• A custom i...
tradition
tradition
• An important activity that has been done for many
years by a group of people.

• Traditions occur regularly an...
Tulsa, Oklahoma Celebrates Two Different Cultures
Tulsa, Oklahoma Celebrates Two Different Cultures
The Tulsa Powwow
• A yearly tradition to honor the Native
Americans in t...
Tulsa, Oklahoma Celebrates Two Different Cultures
The Tulsa Powwow
• A yearly tradition to honor the Native
Americans in t...
Tulsa, Oklahoma Celebrates Two Different Cultures
The Tulsa Powwow
• A yearly tradition to honor the Native
Americans in t...
January- Martin Luther King Day
February- President's Day
May- Memorial Day
July- Independence Day
August- Labor Day
Octob...
January- Martin Luther King Day
February- President's Day
May- Memorial Day
July- Independence Day
August- Labor Day
Octob...
National Holidays
A day set aside to celebrate an event or honor
a person who is special to our country.

January- Martin ...
What do you need to get ready for your test?

• Textbook
• Journal
• Flashcards
• View the slideshow online

Good Luck!
Social Studies Chapter 2- Communities are Different and Alike
Social Studies Chapter 2- Communities are Different and Alike
Social Studies Chapter 2- Communities are Different and Alike
Social Studies Chapter 2- Communities are Different and Alike
Social Studies Chapter 2- Communities are Different and Alike
Social Studies Chapter 2- Communities are Different and Alike
Social Studies Chapter 2- Communities are Different and Alike
Social Studies Chapter 2- Communities are Different and Alike
Social Studies Chapter 2- Communities are Different and Alike
Social Studies Chapter 2- Communities are Different and Alike
Social Studies Chapter 2- Communities are Different and Alike
Social Studies Chapter 2- Communities are Different and Alike
Social Studies Chapter 2- Communities are Different and Alike
Social Studies Chapter 2- Communities are Different and Alike
Social Studies Chapter 2- Communities are Different and Alike
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Social Studies Chapter 2- Communities are Different and Alike

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Social Studies Chapter 2- Communities are Different and Alike

  1. 1. Social Studies Chapter 2 Communities are Different and Alike
  2. 2. Different Types of Communities
  3. 3. • The total number of people living in a certain place.
  4. 4. • The total number of people living in a certain place. • The population of Absecon is about 8,000 people.
  5. 5. • The total number of people living in a certain place. • The population of Absecon is about 8,000 people. • The population of Atlantic City is about 40,000 people.
  6. 6. • The total number of people living in a certain place. • The population of Absecon is about 8,000 people. • The population of Atlantic City is about 40,000 people. • The population of Chicago, Illinois is about 2,700,000 people.
  7. 7. urban
  8. 8. urban
  9. 9. urban • This type of community has many people living closely together.
  10. 10. urban • This type of community has many people living closely together. • An urban community may have thousands of houses and apartment buildings.
  11. 11. urban • This type of community has many people living closely together. • An urban community may have thousands of houses and apartment buildings. • Cities with many skyscrapers are urban communities.
  12. 12. suburb
  13. 13. suburb
  14. 14. suburb • A community located at the edge of a big city
  15. 15. suburb • A community located at the edge of a big city. • People sometimes choose to live here to have more space but still be close to work, shopping & the arts
  16. 16. rural
  17. 17. rural
  18. 18. rural
  19. 19. rural • This type of community has fewer people and is surrounded by countryside.
  20. 20. rural • This type of community has fewer people and is surrounded by countryside. • Many people who live here are farmers or ranchers..
  21. 21. rural • This type of community has fewer people and is surrounded by countryside. • Many people who live here are farmers or ranchers.. • Homes and businesses can be scattered and far from one another.
  22. 22. Chicago, Illinois
  23. 23. Chicago, Illinois
  24. 24. Chicago, Illinois • The world’s first skyscraper, The Home Insurance Building, was built in Chicago in 1845.
  25. 25. Chicago, Illinois • The world’s first skyscraper, The Home Insurance Building, was built in Chicago in 1845.
  26. 26. Chicago, Illinois • The world’s first skyscraper, The Home Insurance Building, was built in Chicago in 1845. • The city is on the shore of Lake Michigan, which is one of the Great Lakes.
  27. 27. Chicago, Illinois • The world’s first skyscraper, The Home Insurance Building, was built in Chicago in 1845. • The city is on the shore of Lake Michigan, which is one of the Great Lakes. • Chicago is an urban community in the center of the United States.
  28. 28. Chicago, Illinois • The world’s first skyscraper, The Home Insurance Building, was built in Chicago in 1845. • The city is on the shore of Lake Michigan, which is one of the Great Lakes. • Chicago is an urban community in the center of the United States. • Chicago’s railroads and airports are the busiest in the nation.
  29. 29. Evanston, Illinois
  30. 30. Evanston, Illinois
  31. 31. Evanston, Illinois • A suburb north of Chicago
  32. 32. Evanston, Illinois • A suburb north of Chicago • Home to a large university
  33. 33. Evanston, Illinois • A suburb north of Chicago • Home to a large university • Many residents of Evanston work in Chicago.
  34. 34. Evanston, Illinois • A suburb north of Chicago • Home to a large university • Many residents of Evanston work in Chicago. • Evanston residents can relax and play on the shores of Lake Michigan.
  35. 35. Evanston, Illinois • A suburb north of Chicago • Home to a large university • Many residents of Evanston work in Chicago. • Evanston residents can relax and play on the shores of Lake Michigan.
  36. 36. Grafton, Illinois
  37. 37. Grafton, Illinois
  38. 38. Grafton, Illinois • A rural community on the banks of the Mississippi River
  39. 39. Grafton, Illinois • A rural community on the banks of the Mississippi River • There are forests and fields nearby.
  40. 40. Grafton, Illinois • A rural community on the banks of the Mississippi River • There are forests and fields nearby. • Grafton has just one main road through the little town called Great River Road.
  41. 41. Grafton, Illinois • A rural community on the banks of the Mississippi River • There are forests and fields nearby. • Grafton has just one main road through the little town called Great River Road.
  42. 42. Grafton, Illinois • A rural community on the banks of the Mississippi River • There are forests and fields nearby. • Grafton has just one main road through the little town called Great River Road. • There are no traffic jams on the streets.
  43. 43. Grafton, Illinois • A rural community on the banks of the Mississippi River • There are forests and fields nearby. • Grafton has just one main road through the little town called Great River Road. • There are no traffic jams on the streets. • Grafton has just a few stores or restaurants.
  44. 44. Grafton, Illinois • A rural community on the banks of the Mississippi River • There are forests and fields nearby. • Grafton has just one main road through the little town called Great River Road. • There are no traffic jams on the streets. • Grafton has just a few stores or restaurants.
  45. 45. Grafton, Illinois • A rural community on the banks of the Mississippi River • There are forests and fields nearby. • Grafton has just one main road through the little town called Great River Road. • There are no traffic jams on the streets. • Grafton has just a few stores or restaurants. • Most residents know each other in this quiet, little town.
  46. 46. A Community at Different Times
  47. 47. History
  48. 48. History
  49. 49. History • History is the study of the past
  50. 50. History • History is the study of the past • When we study history, we learn about important events and the people who were a part of those events.
  51. 51. History • History is the study of the past • When we study history, we learn about important events and the people who were a part of those events.
  52. 52. Living in the Desert • For thousands of years, Native Americans have lived in this area. They are known as “Desert People.” • Around 1690, Spanish explorers claimed this land and much more land in North America. They called it Mexico. • In 1692, Tuscon got its name from a Spanish man named Father Kino. He built a mission. • The Spanish wanted the Native Americans to learn the Catholic religion. • Spain ruled Tucson until Mexico won its independence from Spain in 1821. • In 1854, the United States bought the land around Tucson from Mexico, making Tucson and American town.
  53. 53. mission
  54. 54. mission • In 1692 Father Kino gave Tucson its name. • He called the area San Cosme de Tucson. • Father Kino started a mission where people teach their religion to others.
  55. 55. mission • In 1692 Father Kino gave Tucson its name. • He called the area San Cosme de Tucson. • Father Kino started a mission where people teach their religion to others. religion
  56. 56. mission • In 1692 Father Kino gave Tucson its name. • He called the area San Cosme de Tucson. • Father Kino started a mission where people teach their religion to others. religion • A belief about God or gods. • The Spanish wanted Native Americans to learn the Catholic religion.
  57. 57. Mining in the land near Tucson
  58. 58. Mining in the land near Tucson
  59. 59. • People tried to make money by digging for gold and silver in the mountains around Tucson. • There wasn’t much gold to find. • The silver was very hard to dig out. Mining in the land near Tucson
  60. 60. • People tried to make money by digging for gold and silver in the mountains around Tucson. • There wasn’t much gold to find. • The silver was very hard to dig out. Mining in the land near Tucson
  61. 61. • People tried to make money by digging for gold and silver in the mountains around Tucson. • There wasn’t much gold to find. • The silver was very hard to dig out. • Later, people came to Tucson to dig for another metal called copper. • There was a lot of copper to mine. • There is still copper found there today. Mining in the land near Tucson
  62. 62. transportation
  63. 63. transportation • A way to move people and supplies from place to place
  64. 64. transportation • A way to move people and supplies from place to place
  65. 65. transportation • A way to move people and supplies from place to place • Trains were a new form of transportation in the United States.
  66. 66. transportation • A way to move people and supplies from place to place • Trains were a new form of transportation in the United States. • In 1880, the railroad came to Tucson.
  67. 67. transportation • A way to move people and supplies from place to place • Trains were a new form of transportation in the United States. • In 1880, the railroad came to Tucson. • Tucson copper could now be transported by train to other cities.
  68. 68. transportation • A way to move people and supplies from place to place • Trains were a new form of transportation in the United States. • In 1880, the railroad came to Tucson. • Tucson copper could now be transported by train to other cities.
  69. 69. transportation • A way to move people and supplies from place to place • Trains were a new form of transportation in the United States. • In 1880, the railroad came to Tucson. • Tucson copper could now be transported by train to other cities. • Many workers who helped build the railroad came all the way from China. • Many Chinese workers stayed in Tucson after the railroad was done. They opened many small businesses in the city.
  70. 70. Schools in Tucson
  71. 71. Long Ago in Tucson Schools in Tucson
  72. 72. Long Ago in Tucson • The first public school opened in 1868. Most students spoke Spanish. • In 1888, Native American children got their own school. • Many graduates of this school went on to become leaders in Native American communities around Tucson. Schools in Tucson
  73. 73. Long Ago in Tucson Today in Tucson • The first public school opened in 1868. Most students spoke Spanish. • In 1888, Native American children got their own school. • Many graduates of this school went on to become leaders in Native American communities around Tucson. Schools in Tucson
  74. 74. Long Ago in Tucson Today in Tucson • The first public school opened in • Today, Tucson is still a center for learning. • The University of Arizona is located in 1868. Most students spoke Spanish. • In 1888, Native American children got their own school. • Many graduates of this school went on to become leaders in Native American communities around Tucson. Tucson. • The Native American population in Arizona is among the largest in the USA. • This area is also home to more speakers of Native American languages than any other state. Schools in Tucson
  75. 75. Homes in Tucson
  76. 76. Early Homes Homes in Tucson
  77. 77. Early Homes • Tucson was known as a village at first. • Homes were made of mud bricks called adobe. The bricks formed a very thick wall. • Mud walls kept the home warm in winter and cool in summer. • Tucson summers can reach over 110°. Homes in Tucson
  78. 78. Early Homes Homes of Today • Tucson was known as a village at first. • Homes were made of mud bricks called adobe. The bricks formed a very thick wall. • Mud walls kept the home warm in winter and cool in summer. • Tucson summers can reach over 110°. Homes in Tucson
  79. 79. Early Homes Homes of Today • Tucson was known as a village at first. • Homes were made of mud bricks called adobe. The bricks formed a very thick wall. • Mud walls kept the home warm in winter and cool in summer. • Tucson summers can reach over 110°. • Buildings and homes are built from concrete, wood and steel. • Air conditioning is an invention that has made it easier for people to live and work in Tucson. • Now, skyscrapers stand against the sky. Tucson has become a large, urban community. Homes in Tucson
  80. 80. Communities Share Many Things
  81. 81. culture
  82. 82. culture • The way of life of a group of people • Different groups in the US have their own ways of doing things.
  83. 83. culture • The way of life of a group of people • Different groups in the US have their own ways of doing things. • Religious beliefs
  84. 84. culture • The way of life of a group of people • Different groups in the US have their own ways of doing things. • Religious beliefs • Foods
  85. 85. culture • The way of life of a group of people • Different groups in the US have their own ways of doing things. • Religious beliefs • Foods • Language • Songs and dances
  86. 86. culture • The way of life of a group of people • Different groups in the US have their own ways of doing things. • Religious beliefs • Foods • Language • Songs and dances • Every day activities like going to school
  87. 87. custom
  88. 88. custom • an activity or way of behaving that is traditional among the people in a particular group or place. • A custom is usually performed often and regularly, sometimes even on a daily basis. • Customs are different all over the world. • Some customs may surprise you!
  89. 89. tradition
  90. 90. tradition • An important activity that has been done for many years by a group of people. • Traditions occur regularly and are usually considered special or formal. • Traditions are performed on certain occasions. • Traditions can be performed within a family, a community or a religion.
  91. 91. Tulsa, Oklahoma Celebrates Two Different Cultures
  92. 92. Tulsa, Oklahoma Celebrates Two Different Cultures The Tulsa Powwow • A yearly tradition to honor the Native Americans in the community • The powwow lasts four days, and people come from all over the country. • They perform dances that have been handed down among Native Americans for over 500 years. • People enjoy Native American crafts and foods. • The powwow keeps ancient Native American cultures and customs alive.
  93. 93. Tulsa, Oklahoma Celebrates Two Different Cultures The Tulsa Powwow • A yearly tradition to honor the Native Americans in the community • The powwow lasts four days, and people come from all over the country. • They perform dances that have been handed down among Native Americans for over 500 years. • People enjoy Native American crafts and foods. • The powwow keeps ancient Native American cultures and customs alive.
  94. 94. Tulsa, Oklahoma Celebrates Two Different Cultures The Tulsa Powwow • A yearly tradition to honor the Native Americans in the community • The powwow lasts four days, and people come from all over the country. • They perform dances that have been handed down among Native Americans for over 500 years. • People enjoy Native American crafts and foods. • The powwow keeps ancient Native American cultures and customs alive. The Scottish Games • Long ago, many families moved from Scotland to the US and became settlers in Tulsa.. • This traditional festival allows everyone to learn about Tulsa’s Scottish culture. • About 10,000 people attend, playing unfamiliar games of strength and tasting Scottish foods. • There is a contest to see who can throw a big log the farthest.
  95. 95. January- Martin Luther King Day February- President's Day May- Memorial Day July- Independence Day August- Labor Day October- Columbus Day November- Veterans Day November- Thanksgiving Day
  96. 96. January- Martin Luther King Day February- President's Day May- Memorial Day July- Independence Day August- Labor Day October- Columbus Day November- Veterans Day November- Thanksgiving Day
  97. 97. National Holidays A day set aside to celebrate an event or honor a person who is special to our country. January- Martin Luther King Day February- President's Day May- Memorial Day July- Independence Day August- Labor Day October- Columbus Day November- Veterans Day November- Thanksgiving Day
  98. 98. What do you need to get ready for your test? • Textbook • Journal • Flashcards • View the slideshow online Good Luck!

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