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Cities and cc 5 mar 2010
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Cities and cc 5 mar 2010

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Prepared for presentation at conference organized by Yashwantrao Chavan Pratishthan, Mumbai on 6 March 2010, which had as chief guests Shri Jairam Ramesh, Minister of State, Environment and Forests, …

Prepared for presentation at conference organized by Yashwantrao Chavan Pratishthan, Mumbai on 6 March 2010, which had as chief guests Shri Jairam Ramesh, Minister of State, Environment and Forests, Govt of India

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  • 1. WANTED Climate Conscious Cities by Vandana Chavan and Sanskriti Menon Climate Change Agenda for Maharashtra Mumbai Conference Yashwantrao Chavan Pratishthan 6 March 2010
  • 2. Cities have a major role • Maharashtra has a large urban population • Cities need to be well prepared to address climate change impacts so as to reduce the risk to this large urban population • Some – not all – activities and people in cities have high emissions • Well-planned cities can help to achieve healthy living conditions for all and a good quality of life with a low footprint
  • 3. Resilience Goals for Cities • Improve Quality of Life for All – Healthy living and working environments for the inhabitants, especially vulnerable populations – Civic services and amenities essential for health should be available to all (safe water, sanitation, waste management, paved roads, footpaths, shelter, etc) • Reduce the Footprint – Reduce the environmental impact on local, regional and the global environment • Triple bottom line decision-making – Development decisions should aim for environmental improvement, social benefits and economic efficiency simultaneously
  • 4. Development Plans • Overall recommendation – create state urbanization policy respecting environmental carrying capacity and symbiotic linkages with surrounding non-urban areas • Integrate Disaster Risk Reduction in Master plans – extreme weather events and flash floods – information on high flood lines – status of catchment areas which may lie outside city limits • Include Ecologists in town planning committees • Encourage compact cities (not sprawl) and vertical development with adequate provision for green cover and open spaces as per norms
  • 5. Information Support Environment Status Reports of Cities • Reporting framework should include – carbon emission inventories and studies – track emission reductions – ‘human development’ indicators • Should be discussed publicly • Should be used as inputs when preparing annual municipal plans and budgets to meet goals for emission reduction and coping mechanisms
  • 6. Building Codes • Eco-building code should be mandatory for all new construction rather than voluntary or incentive-based – incentives should especially not be increased FSI or TDR • Retrofitting policy for old buildings should be created
  • 7. Green Areas • Strict conservation through Development Plans – streams, rivers, wetlands, under-ground aquifers, water recharge zones, grasslands, forests, hills, gardens, botanical and zoological gardens etc within urban areas • Make City Biodiversity Management Plans – Plant local indigenous species in gardens, avenues instead of exotic ornamentals or lawns – Encourage plantation (trees/ grasslands as locally relevant); promote UN program ‘one person one tree’ • Identify and protect lands for food, water, energy in the vicinity of urban areas • Encourage city farming for income generation and to reduce to some extent ‘food miles’ of food consumed in urban areas
  • 8. Water Sources of Water • Surface - Encourage rainwater harvesting and storage in cities including in natural or created ponds and lakes • Ground - Develop mechanism for sustainable use and re-charge of ground water in cities • Recycled/ Treated water should be considered as a ‘source’ - Encourage its use for non-drinking purposes Use of Water • Ensure equity in supply as per CPHEEO norms • Introduce metering and telescopic tariff - heavy charges for ‘luxury uses’ • Make reduction of leakages a priority
  • 9. Sewage Management • Mission needed at state level for Safe Urban Sanitation and Sewage Mgt • Substantially increase capture and treatment of waste water/ sewage, going towards 100% • Grey and black water may be treated separately and re-used optimally • Mandate methane recovery from sewage treatment plants, where feasible • Re-use grey water for flushing in flats below in multi storey buildings
  • 10. Paradigm shift needed! Waste Management Materials Recovery/ Recycling • Mandate segregation at source and composting/ biogas near sources • Reserve space for decentralized management in master plans • Integrate & support informal sector (rag pickers, scrap dealers) for recyclables recovery, managing composting facilities • Link manufacturers in materials recovery in Extended Producer Responsibility arrangements • Restrict incineration-based disposal to bio-medical / hazardous wastes • No dumping of construction debris in wetlands, re-use it
  • 11. Mobility • Adopt multi-modal approach with priority to public transportation • Create superb facilities for Non-Motorized Transport (walking, cycling) • Encourage cleaner fuels • Follow National Urban Transport Policy guidelines such as restricting parking, and promoting non- motorized transport facilities • Policies should limit the growth of private vehicles
  • 12. Vulnerability and Risk Reduction • Decent housing for all is a major strategy in risk reduction • Create mechanisms for large scale availability of affordable housing stock for current and future demand (climate change induced stresses in rural areas may mean more migration) • Support informal economic activities for poverty reduction – registration, credit, insurance, space allocation, training etc • Invest in public toilets and sewerage – prevent disease and reduce risks • Superb water and sanitation facilities in municipal schools
  • 13. People’s Participation is Key • People’s participation can help to improve governance • Needed for a ‘climate-resilient’ society • Participation in Development Planning • Public assessment and contribution to state of the environment reports • Participation in annual city budget so that it is more responsive to people’s needs
  • 14. The ‘Urban Group’ • Ms Vandana Chavan, ALERT • Ms Sanskriti Menon, Centre for Environment Education (CEE) • Mr Mangesh Dighe, Environment Officer, Pune Municipal Corporation • Mr Ameya Jagtap, Youth to Youth • Mr Sufi Pore, Independent Consultant • Ms Pallavi Nanda, Youth to Youth • Mr Prasoon Kanmadikar, Youth to Youth • Ms Kishori Gadre, Janwani and Mahratta Chamber of Commerce Industry and Agriculture • Mr Lalit Waykole, Mahratta Chamber of Commerce Industry and Agriculture • With inputs from Mahesh Rajwade (Ecological Society), Vijay Paranjape (Gomukh), Vishal Jain (Shelter Associates) and Prashant Shinde (Srustidnyan) Please email comments and suggestions to • Sanskriti.menon@ceeindia.org • vandanahchavan@hotmail.com