Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
  • Like
  • Save
Cities and cc 5 mar 2010
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.


Now you can save presentations on your phone or tablet

Available for both IPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Cities and cc 5 mar 2010


Prepared for presentation at conference organized by Yashwantrao Chavan Pratishthan, Mumbai on 6 March 2010, which had as chief guests Shri Jairam Ramesh, Minister of State, Environment and Forests, …

Prepared for presentation at conference organized by Yashwantrao Chavan Pratishthan, Mumbai on 6 March 2010, which had as chief guests Shri Jairam Ramesh, Minister of State, Environment and Forests, Govt of India

Published in Business
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads


Total Views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. WANTED Climate Conscious Cities by Vandana Chavan and Sanskriti Menon Climate Change Agenda for Maharashtra Mumbai Conference Yashwantrao Chavan Pratishthan 6 March 2010
  • 2. Cities have a major role • Maharashtra has a large urban population • Cities need to be well prepared to address climate change impacts so as to reduce the risk to this large urban population • Some – not all – activities and people in cities have high emissions • Well-planned cities can help to achieve healthy living conditions for all and a good quality of life with a low footprint
  • 3. Resilience Goals for Cities • Improve Quality of Life for All – Healthy living and working environments for the inhabitants, especially vulnerable populations – Civic services and amenities essential for health should be available to all (safe water, sanitation, waste management, paved roads, footpaths, shelter, etc) • Reduce the Footprint – Reduce the environmental impact on local, regional and the global environment • Triple bottom line decision-making – Development decisions should aim for environmental improvement, social benefits and economic efficiency simultaneously
  • 4. Development Plans • Overall recommendation – create state urbanization policy respecting environmental carrying capacity and symbiotic linkages with surrounding non-urban areas • Integrate Disaster Risk Reduction in Master plans – extreme weather events and flash floods – information on high flood lines – status of catchment areas which may lie outside city limits • Include Ecologists in town planning committees • Encourage compact cities (not sprawl) and vertical development with adequate provision for green cover and open spaces as per norms
  • 5. Information Support Environment Status Reports of Cities • Reporting framework should include – carbon emission inventories and studies – track emission reductions – ‘human development’ indicators • Should be discussed publicly • Should be used as inputs when preparing annual municipal plans and budgets to meet goals for emission reduction and coping mechanisms
  • 6. Building Codes • Eco-building code should be mandatory for all new construction rather than voluntary or incentive-based – incentives should especially not be increased FSI or TDR • Retrofitting policy for old buildings should be created
  • 7. Green Areas • Strict conservation through Development Plans – streams, rivers, wetlands, under-ground aquifers, water recharge zones, grasslands, forests, hills, gardens, botanical and zoological gardens etc within urban areas • Make City Biodiversity Management Plans – Plant local indigenous species in gardens, avenues instead of exotic ornamentals or lawns – Encourage plantation (trees/ grasslands as locally relevant); promote UN program ‘one person one tree’ • Identify and protect lands for food, water, energy in the vicinity of urban areas • Encourage city farming for income generation and to reduce to some extent ‘food miles’ of food consumed in urban areas
  • 8. Water Sources of Water • Surface - Encourage rainwater harvesting and storage in cities including in natural or created ponds and lakes • Ground - Develop mechanism for sustainable use and re-charge of ground water in cities • Recycled/ Treated water should be considered as a ‘source’ - Encourage its use for non-drinking purposes Use of Water • Ensure equity in supply as per CPHEEO norms • Introduce metering and telescopic tariff - heavy charges for ‘luxury uses’ • Make reduction of leakages a priority
  • 9. Sewage Management • Mission needed at state level for Safe Urban Sanitation and Sewage Mgt • Substantially increase capture and treatment of waste water/ sewage, going towards 100% • Grey and black water may be treated separately and re-used optimally • Mandate methane recovery from sewage treatment plants, where feasible • Re-use grey water for flushing in flats below in multi storey buildings
  • 10. Paradigm shift needed! Waste Management Materials Recovery/ Recycling • Mandate segregation at source and composting/ biogas near sources • Reserve space for decentralized management in master plans • Integrate & support informal sector (rag pickers, scrap dealers) for recyclables recovery, managing composting facilities • Link manufacturers in materials recovery in Extended Producer Responsibility arrangements • Restrict incineration-based disposal to bio-medical / hazardous wastes • No dumping of construction debris in wetlands, re-use it
  • 11. Mobility • Adopt multi-modal approach with priority to public transportation • Create superb facilities for Non-Motorized Transport (walking, cycling) • Encourage cleaner fuels • Follow National Urban Transport Policy guidelines such as restricting parking, and promoting non- motorized transport facilities • Policies should limit the growth of private vehicles
  • 12. Vulnerability and Risk Reduction • Decent housing for all is a major strategy in risk reduction • Create mechanisms for large scale availability of affordable housing stock for current and future demand (climate change induced stresses in rural areas may mean more migration) • Support informal economic activities for poverty reduction – registration, credit, insurance, space allocation, training etc • Invest in public toilets and sewerage – prevent disease and reduce risks • Superb water and sanitation facilities in municipal schools
  • 13. People’s Participation is Key • People’s participation can help to improve governance • Needed for a ‘climate-resilient’ society • Participation in Development Planning • Public assessment and contribution to state of the environment reports • Participation in annual city budget so that it is more responsive to people’s needs
  • 14. The ‘Urban Group’ • Ms Vandana Chavan, ALERT • Ms Sanskriti Menon, Centre for Environment Education (CEE) • Mr Mangesh Dighe, Environment Officer, Pune Municipal Corporation • Mr Ameya Jagtap, Youth to Youth • Mr Sufi Pore, Independent Consultant • Ms Pallavi Nanda, Youth to Youth • Mr Prasoon Kanmadikar, Youth to Youth • Ms Kishori Gadre, Janwani and Mahratta Chamber of Commerce Industry and Agriculture • Mr Lalit Waykole, Mahratta Chamber of Commerce Industry and Agriculture • With inputs from Mahesh Rajwade (Ecological Society), Vijay Paranjape (Gomukh), Vishal Jain (Shelter Associates) and Prashant Shinde (Srustidnyan) Please email comments and suggestions to • •