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flag of india ppt

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A brief History of Flag of India

A brief History of Flag of India

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  • 1. Flags of India
    • Presented by
    • HIMANSHU PATANGE
    • NIOS. STD. 10 TH
    • Nanded
  • 2. Flag
    • What is meant by a flag?
    • It is a sign
    • Mostly of nations
    • And of honor
    • People value it
  • 3. Flag
    • Requires followers
    • Represents the symbol of a common aim
    • Unifies the group
    • Gives a goal
    • Inspires the followers
    • Nations, organizations, institutions,academies all need flags
  • 4. History of flag of India
    • The first historically significant flag in the recent history of India
    • The flag of Maratha Dynasty.
    • Between 1674 to1812
    • With the fall of Marathas the last dynasty ruling ¾ th of modern India ended
  • 5. Union jack
    • The flag of Britain
    • Ruled India till 1947
    • India had to fight for her independence
  • 6. Evolution of modern Indian flag
    • 1885 A.D.– Indian Nation Congress formed
    • Struggle started for the Independence
    • 1905 A.D. Bengal divided
    • Huge uproar all over India.
    • The need for a common flag was felt
    • To unit the people of India
    • To forward the struggle for independence
    • To project India as a unified country
    • To project the British as the intruders
  • 7. And then
    • Swami Vivekanand’s follower Bhagini Nivedita created the flag for India.
    • The first ever flag called as Flag Of India
    • It is called as Sister Nivedita’s Flag
    • Unfurled in 1906
  • 8. Sister Nivedita’s Flag
    • Square Flag.
    • Red background.
    • Yellow Vajra weapon at centre.
    • It is weapon of god Indra.
    • Red colour indicates strength.
    • Yellow for Victory
    • Written at centre is Bande Matram in Bangla.
  • 9. The Kolkota Flag
    • Kolkota flag was designed by Bhagini Nivedita
    • Used in a protest rally Against the partition of Bengal
    • In 1906 by Sachindraprasad Bose
    • In Parsi Bagan Square
  • 10. The Berlin Flag
    • The first time Indian Flag abroad in 1907
    • Unfurled at Stuttgart, Germany. By Mrs. Bhikaji Cama.
    • Designed by Mrs. B. Cama, Veer Savarkar and Shyamji Krishna Varma.
    • Also used during the 1 st world war by the revolutionaries
  • 11. Home Rule Flag
    • Home Rule Movement (1917)
    • Started by Lok. Tilak And Anie Bezant
    • Anie Bezant created the Home Rule Flag.
    • The strips of union jack signified the dominion status of India
  • 12. The National Congress Flag
    • By Pingali Vyankayya in 1916
    • Officially adapted tricolor in 1921
    • Changed the flag with charkha in the centre with white in centre
    • Was used by the then provincial government of free India in 1931 in world war 2
  • 13. Flag of AZAD HIND SENA
    • First time hoisted in India in Manipur by
    • Subhash Chandra Bose
  • 14. The Flag Of Free India
    • Adopted on 2 nd July 1947
    • Creator is again Pingali Vankayya.
    • Unfurled throughout india on the 1 st independence day
  • 15. Tiranga
    • Tricolor or Tiranga
    • Top deep saffron
    • Middle white
    • Lowest green
    • Central dharma chakra
    • Height to width ratio is 3:2
  • 16. Saffron
    • Stands for
      • Courage
      • Sacrifice
      • Spirit of Renunciation
        • Marathas Bhagava Jaripatka
        • Rajputanas Kesariya
        • Hindu’s sacred color
  • 17. White
    • Stands for
    • Purity
    • Truth
    • peace
  • 18. Green
    • Stands for
    • Faith
    • fertility
  • 19. Ashok Chakra
    • Taken from the Ashok stambh (200 B.C.) of Sarnath.
    • Shows that there is life in movement and death in stagnation
    • It has 24 spokes
    • The diameter is 75% of the width of the white strip
  • 20. Few more facts
    • Largest Tiranga is on the Mantralaya on Maharashtra
    • Flags to be manufactured only from khadi
    • ZENDA SATYAGRAH was conducted against the British Raj
  • 21. Modern ZENDA SATYAGRAH
    • NAVEEN JINDAL
    • WON THE CASE AGAINST THE GOVT.
    • NOW ANY ORDINARY INDIAN CAN USE THE FLAG
    • THIS IS NEW AMENDMENT IN THE FLAG CODE
  • 22. STILL MORE FLAGS
    • Flag of the president of India
  • 23. Indian military flags
    • Indian Army Indian Navy
    • Indian Air Force Indian Costal Guard
  • 24. victory
    • The war flag of Indian army is TIRANGA
    • We won four wars with this flag
    • 1948
    • 1965
    • 1971
    • And the famous Kargil war
  • 25.
    • jay hind