Earlier travel was essentially to seek food or to escape danger.
Travel was also undertaken for trade.
Growth of cities along fertile river banks like Nile etc encouraged water travel.
Ancient empires like the Romans helped shape modern travel.
THE EMPIRE ERA
At its peak the travel for business and pleasure flourished.
Travel to outlining cities was necessary.
Various amenities were offered to travellers.
They travelled for pleasure and festivals were held every year.
People used to travel to attend these festivals.
They started travel initially for military use.
Later facilties earlier used for military were transformed to facilitate travel.
Roads were built, markers were established to indicate distances.
Safety of travelers was given importance.
Modes of transport like wagons, donkeys/mules were introduced.
Greeks were the first, who shaped the modern day travel. Pleasure travel was popular. Travel was advanced by two developments:
Currency exchange: Greek cities accepted foreign currency,making it easier for travelers.
Communication: The Greek empire covered the entire Mediterrenian thus the language was widely understood.
They provided all the ammenities required.
The prosperity of the roman empire was reflected in the development of travel. The Romans included a large group of middle class who had money and time to travel. They built excellent roads, transportation and communication systems. They built rest houses.
RENAISSANCE AND GRAND TOUR
The rise of Italy as intellectual capital of Europe .
GRAND TOUR – a tour to the principal cities and places of interest in Europe, formerly said to be an essential part of the education of the young man of ‘good birth’ and ‘fortune’.
Main travelers were diplomats, business people, and scholars Mainly for career, education, culture, literary, health, scientific, business, and economic reasons.
FATHER OF TOURISM AND TRAVEL Thomas Cook is the Father of Tourism. His first organized trip was ‘Leicester to Loughborough ’ in 1841. It covered a distance of 22 km for 570 members. He acted as an agent by buying tickets in bulk and selling it to others on a non profit basis. This gave him an idea to package tours in a profitable manner.
He organized the travel arrangements, accommodations, transport at the destinations and return to the homeland. He organized the first ‘inclusive tour’ to Paris Exhibition in 1855. ‘Hotel voucher’ was introduced by Thomas Cook in 1867 and ‘Circular Note’ in 1873 which made travel easier. First ‘Round the world tour’ in 1872.