<ul><li>Olentzero is a charcoal-maker who lives alone on the mountain. The charcoal-maker is alwais dirty and drunk. </li></ul>Who is Olentzero?
He lives all year in the mountains, only, making charcoal. At the beginning of winter, he comes down the mountain to the villages .
When is it celebrated? <ul><li>On the 24th of December </li></ul>
Olentzero existed before Christ was born. It represented the end of the year. It was the winter solstice celebration. Then also sang to Olentzero. After the celebration, the figure of Olenztero was burned. So, the old year was burned, and the new year was born. Olentzero gentile
<ul><li>The Christian Church became Olentzero in his figure. Olentzero notifies the birth of Christ in the Basque Country. </li></ul><ul><li>According to legend, the Gentiles saw a big star in the sky. His wise told that Christ was born and his time was over. Then, all the gentiles except one,Olentzero, threw off a cliff and disappeared. </li></ul><ul><li>Olentzero went to Bethlehem, saw Christ and returned to the Basque Country to deliver the good new to others Basque people. </li></ul><ul><li>Since then, Olentzero gives us the good news each year. </li></ul>Christian Olentzero
Olentzero today <ul><li>At the end of the twentieth century has been given a new role to Olentzero. Since then, Oletzero brings gifts to children at home. Now, the charcoal-maker is not dirty and not an old drunk. </li></ul>
The celebration in the villages <ul><li>All people are dressed like a farmer and a shepherdess. They go from house to house and from farm to farm singing the songs of Olentzero. After singing, they receive gifts and money from the owners of the houses and farms. </li></ul>Bideo: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=taTO9jaBw7E&feature=related
The celebration in the cities <ul><li>Children go from house to house singing songs of Olentzero and receive money. </li></ul><ul><li>Adult choirs sing songs of Olentzero in the streets </li></ul><ul><li>In the large cities of the Basque Country, as Bilbo and Donostia, parades and processions are made. </li></ul>Bideo: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fF03Oe3GwOE
<ul><li>In the morning, we sang songs of Olentzero our parents. </li></ul><ul><li>Then Olentzero comes with his donkey to visit and bring us gifts for the school. </li></ul><ul><li>We sing a few verses, songs and dance a "aurresku" of welcome all guests. </li></ul><ul><li>We bye Olentzero and play with the gifts. </li></ul><ul><li>At midday, older students go to the Senior Citizens Center to sing the songs of Olentzero. </li></ul>The celebration in our school
Olentzero songs <ul><li>Olentzero joan zaigu: http ://youtu.be/_PtBH-lfiyM </li></ul><ul><li>Hator, hator: http ://youtu.be/a8bQ3MN_LGs </li></ul><ul><li>Kanta, kantari: http ://youtu.be/E8CqX3s3CC8 </li></ul><ul><li>Kanpaiak jaietan: http ://youtu.be/55YHMjfqaaE </li></ul><ul><li>Din, dan, don: http ://youtu.be/nEwmBpyz5KA </li></ul><ul><li>Haur eder baten bila: http ://youtu.be/0T_b-w8ExRU </li></ul><ul><li>Oi, Bethlehem: http ://youtu.be/wGrEuLnNjOs </li></ul>
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