Solar Industryin India

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  • 1. Solar Industry In India Solar Cell and Module manufacture is the main story
  • 2. Two ways to harness solar power Solar Power is concentrated and converted to thermal energy which is converted to electric energy Solar Power is converted to electricity using PV (Photovoltaic) effect Regain Paradise Foundation (www.regainparadise.org) P N P N
  • 3. Solar PV: the Value Chain Solar Modules Solar Cells Silicon Ingot Silicon Wafers This part of the chain is Oligopolistic. Increase in the poly-silicon prices (200% in 2 years) has been a key issue in the industry. Prices have plummeted this year Regain Paradise Foundation (www.regainparadise.org)
  • 4. Solar PV Companies in India Companies are playing in the fragmented part of the industry chain with Moser Baer trying to make some serious technology investments Solar crystalline modules Hyderabad Solar semiconductors Solar modules and systems Various BHEL PV modules (both crystalline and thin film – amorphous and CIGS) and systems Hyderabad Titan Energy Systems PV modules (both crystalline and thin film – amorphous and CIGS) Has also invested in Stion (a thin film company), SolFocus (CPV company), Solaria (high efficiency cells) Bangalore Moser Baer PV Hyderabad Location(s) Solar PV Modules & Systems . Also Solar thermal products Photon Energy Systems Products Company
  • 5. Solar Systems “solar systems” is really applications! In India the story is largely around smaller applications
  • 6. Solar Applications
    • Solar Lanterns/Lamps
    • Solar Lights
    • Solar Thermal
  • 7. The case for Solar Lanterns/Lamps
    • 1.6 billion people in the world have no access to electricity:
      • 25% of them in India alone
    • Products are both handheld and headlamps
    Lead to improvement of educational levels Leads to improved mobility in inaccessible areas Leads to empowerment of women
  • 8. How does a solar lantern work?
    • Typically consists of:
      • A rechargeable battery
      • A photovoltaic solar panel
      • CFL/LEDs
      • A plastic body
    • It works by:
      • Solar energy is collected by the panel and the battery is charged
      • The battery size is typically enough for about 4-6 hour lighting
      • The light is equivalent to a 40W-60W light
    Design innovation in solar lanterns has been largely around the capacity of the panel, the size of the battery, use of CFLs/LEDs to impact usability and life of unit.
  • 9. How do Solar street lights work?
    • Typically consists of:
      • A photovoltaic solar panel
      • A rechargeable battery
      • A charge controller cum inverter
      • CFL/LED lamp
    • It works by:
      • DC electric current is produced from the panel
      • The charge control circuit controls the voltage and prevents damage
  • 10. How does solar thermal work?
    • It works by:
      • Solar energy is collected in Collector
      • Thermic fluid (water or antifreeze) is heated in the adjoining tubes
      • The fluid can be used directly (if water) or used to heat water in another pipe
      • The water can be circulated via pumps (active systems) or by gravity (passive)
    • Collectors are of two types:
      • Flat plate collectors (A weatherproofed, insulated box containing a black metal absorber sheet with built in pipes )
      • Evacuated Tube (These collectors have multiple evacuated glass tubes which heat up solar absorbers and, ultimately, solar working fluid)
  • 11. Companies in India Solar lighting and thermal products Bangalore/Singapore Promoted by Damian Miller and NP Ramesh Orb Energy Solar Lanterns Hyderabad A New Ventures India portfolio company Noble Energy Solar Technologies Solar Thermal Heaters Bangalore A New Ventures India portfolio company NueTech Solar LED Solar lanterns Hyderabad LED Lighting and Display Systems MIC Electronics Solar Lamps US, India (Bangalore, China and east Africa) Founded by Sam Goldman and Nedjin Tozun, both Stanford graduates D.Light Solar lighting, Solar cookstoves, Bangalore Promoted by Dr. Harish Hande (IIT KGP) industry pioneer SELCO Bangalore Location(s) Solar lighting, solar lanterns, solar water pumps, solar street lights, solar heaters … JV between BP and the Tata group Tata BP Solar Solar Products Background Company
  • 12. Solar Plants in India:
    • Azure Power
      • Located in Delhi
      • Helps companies/utilities set up solar plants
      • Also trying the pwer generation part of the business
      • Inderpreet Wadhwa, CEO
  • 13. Investors in Solar in India
    • E+Co:
      • equity and debt in clean energy in developing countries
    • The Lemelson Foundation
      • Donation support/mentoring support
    • Good Energies
      • Investor in renewable energy/energy efficiency
    • Acumen Fund
    • Nexus Capital India
    • DFJ
    • The Mahindra Group
    • Garage Technology Ventures
      • Early stage technology fund
    • Gray Matters Capital
      • Emerging market investors
    Investors in SELCO Investors in D.Light
  • 14. Investors in Solar in India
    • Zouk Ventures
      • Clean energy investing
    • The Singh famliy
      • Founders of New Look, a UK fashion chain
    • Helion Investments
      • Muti sector multi stage investor
    • Foundation Capital
      • US based technology based investor
    Investors in Orb Energy Investors in Azure Power
  • 15. Solar Financing organizations
    • Syndicate Bank
    • Karnataka Vikas Grameen Bank
    Financed purchase of solar units in rural communities