It is like pure vegetable oil, just like what you use to cook with.
Biodiesel is derived from SVO
SVO cannot run in diesel engines without modification
The distinction is important as in India SVO can help run diesel pumpsets and DG sets Mahindra has been working on a tractor engine which uses SVO This means that in India local communities can both generate and use SVO.
Oilseeds in India Neem Karanj (Pongamia) Jatropha Mahua (Madhuca) Castor
Biodiesel source: considerations
Land & Climate
Can it grow on arid/semi arid land?
What is the water requirement (irrigation/rainfall) year
How long does it take to deliver oilseeds?
Standalone Bio Fuels Companies * A New Ventures Portfolio company In the process Yes – thru framer partnerships. Own cultivation planned Jatropha Jatropha seedlings/R&D in the Jathropha Hyderabad Nandan Biomatrix* No Yes: thru framer organizations Plantation initiatives Jatropha Palm Oil/Soya Oil/Jatropha Feedstock None USD 32 million – VC investments and debt Funding Jatropha seedlings/R&D in the Jathropha Bio diesel (30 million gallons per annum) and glycerine Products/Business Mysore Hyderabad/Kakinada Location Labland Biotechs Naturol
Standalone Bio Fuels Companies * A New Ventures Portfolio company Unknown Not yet Jatropha/Pongamia Oilsseeds/SVO Coimbatore Renulakshmi Agro Industries In the process None Jatropha/Pongamia Services to framers to help in biofuel cultivation Pune CleanStar* Yes – thru framer partnerships Plantation initiatives Castor/Pongamia Feedstock In the process Funding SVO Products/Business Karnataka Location Vayugrid*
Larger companies diversifying into Biofuel Other companies reportedly exploring this space: Ruchi Soya, Shiva Distillers, Dharani Sugars and Chemicals Limited , Brewery and alcoohol manufacturing Plants Original Business JV with D1 Oils and cultivation of jatropha in NE states, Orissa and Jharkhand Plants for manufacturing biofuels BioFuel Initiatitives Kolkata Pune Location Williamson Magor Praj Industries
Global Companies in Indian Biofuels
Headquartered in Mumbai
Main business: Jatrpha cultivation/wind mill operation
Refinery coming up in Orissa
London based company
R&D in Coimbatore
Expanding thru JVs
Williamson Magor: Eastern India
Mohan Breweries: Southern India
Indian Oil Companies: Biodiesel forays CREDA-HPCL JV formed in 2008 with Chattisgarh Subsidiary in renewable energy formed. Announced in 2008. JV formed with Nandan and Shapoorji Announced in 2007 Status Orissa MP Jatropha IOC Chattisgarh UP Refinery in Chattisgarh UP Cultivation in Jatropha Jatropha Biodiesel from HPCL BPCL
NGOs in BioDiesel in India
established by Mr. Gulabrao Kale, in August, 1998.
Operates in Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra.
Promoting the cultivation of jatropha among farmers
Brainchild of Dr.Udipi Shrinivasa (IISC Bangalore)