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Bio Fuel Industryin India

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  • 1. BioFuels & BioDiesels Biodiesels is the main story and cultivation of oilseeds is the main challenge
  • 2. Biofuels: Two Types
    • Ethanol and Biodiesel.
    • Both are used as blends with petroleum diesel
    • Ethanol is alcohol fuel derived from sugarcane, wheat, corn and biomass,
    • Biodiesel is made from natural oils such as animal fats or vegetable oils.
    Why use bio fuels? 1. The use of bio fuels leads to lower GHG emissions. 2. Bio fuels are renewable
    • What are the considerations in the choice between ethanol and bio-diesel?
    • Compatibility? 100% Biodiesel can work in any diesel generated engines.
    • Costs? Biodiesels are more expensive
    • What is the energy needed to produce? Biodiesels relatively produce more energy than ethanol
  • 3. Ethanol: Two generations
    • First generation : derived from starch or sugar
    • Second generation: derived from non food crops, biomass, wood, wood chips, stems, stalks, grass …
      • Also known as cellulosic ethanol
      • Involves breaking down cellulose in woody fibers to derive ethanol
    • Second generation is an improvement:
      • It does not compete with food production
    The possibility of converting waste to energy lies at the heart of the second generation
  • 4. What is bio diesel?
    • Biodiesel is derived from vegetable and animal oil/fats:
      • Alcohol is added and glycerine is removed (the process is called transesterification)
    • Sources of bio-diesel:
        • Palm seed, soybean, peanut oil, jethropha seed, castor, rapeseed oil
        • Different sources are used in different countries
    • Advantages of biodiesel
      • Lower pollutant emission
      • Net Carbon dioixide emission reductions
  • 5. Straight Vegetable Oil (SVO)
    • SVO is obtained from crushing oil bearing seeds
      • It is like pure vegetable oil, just like what you use to cook with.
      • Biodiesel is derived from SVO
    • SVO cannot run in diesel engines without modification
      • Biodiesel can
    The distinction is important as in India SVO can help run diesel pumpsets and DG sets Mahindra has been working on a tractor engine which uses SVO This means that in India local communities can both generate and use SVO.
  • 6. Oilseeds in India Neem Karanj (Pongamia) Jatropha Mahua (Madhuca) Castor
  • 7. Biodiesel source: considerations
    • Competiting use
      • Food/non food?
    • Yield:
      • Agricultural yield?
      • Conversion ratio?
    • Land & Climate
      • Can it grow on arid/semi arid land?
      • What is the water requirement (irrigation/rainfall) year
    • Time
      • How long does it take to deliver oilseeds?
  • 8. Standalone Bio Fuels Companies * A New Ventures Portfolio company In the process Yes – thru framer partnerships. Own cultivation planned Jatropha Jatropha seedlings/R&D in the Jathropha Hyderabad Nandan Biomatrix* No Yes: thru framer organizations Plantation initiatives Jatropha Palm Oil/Soya Oil/Jatropha Feedstock None USD 32 million – VC investments and debt Funding Jatropha seedlings/R&D in the Jathropha Bio diesel (30 million gallons per annum) and glycerine Products/Business Mysore Hyderabad/Kakinada Location Labland Biotechs Naturol
  • 9. Standalone Bio Fuels Companies * A New Ventures Portfolio company Unknown Not yet Jatropha/Pongamia Oilsseeds/SVO Coimbatore Renulakshmi Agro Industries In the process None Jatropha/Pongamia Services to framers to help in biofuel cultivation Pune CleanStar* Yes – thru framer partnerships Plantation initiatives Castor/Pongamia Feedstock In the process Funding SVO Products/Business Karnataka Location Vayugrid*
  • 10. Larger companies diversifying into Biofuel Other companies reportedly exploring this space: Ruchi Soya, Shiva Distillers, Dharani Sugars and Chemicals Limited , Brewery and alcoohol manufacturing Plants Original Business JV with D1 Oils and cultivation of jatropha in NE states, Orissa and Jharkhand Plants for manufacturing biofuels BioFuel Initiatitives Kolkata Pune Location Williamson Magor Praj Industries
  • 11. Global Companies in Indian Biofuels
    • Mission Biofuels
      • Australian company
      • Headquartered in Mumbai
      • Main business: Jatrpha cultivation/wind mill operation
      • Refinery coming up in Orissa
    • D1 Oils
      • London based company
      • R&D in Coimbatore
      • Expanding thru JVs
        • Williamson Magor: Eastern India
        • Mohan Breweries: Southern India
  • 12. Indian Oil Companies: Biodiesel forays CREDA-HPCL JV formed in 2008 with Chattisgarh Subsidiary in renewable energy formed. Announced in 2008. JV formed with Nandan and Shapoorji Announced in 2007 Status Orissa MP Jatropha IOC Chattisgarh UP Refinery in Chattisgarh UP Cultivation in Jatropha Jatropha Biodiesel from HPCL BPCL
  • 13. NGOs in BioDiesel in India
    • GOGVIP
      • established by Mr. Gulabrao Kale, in August, 1998.
      • Operates in Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra.
      • Promoting the cultivation of jatropha among farmers
    • SUTRA
      • Brainchild of Dr.Udipi Shrinivasa (IISC Bangalore)
      • Operates in villages of Karnataka
      • Promoting pongamia among farmers