Conservation

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understanding need of conservation of biodiversity.

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Conservation

  1. 1. CONSERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY INDIAN EFFORTS TOWARDS CONSERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY
  2. 2. PREPARED BY SANJIB ROY TGT--BIOLOGY Presented by  AMITABHA BISWAS PGT--BIOLOGY K. K. S. M. H/S. SCHOOL DHALESWAR AGARTALA.. INDIA.
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION  WHAT IS BIODIVERSITY? •WHAT IS CONSERVATION? Ministry of Environment & Pollution (MOEP) enlisted 47000 plants & 81000 animals comprising 7% and 6.5% of world’s Flora & Fauna. India is one of the most important among the 12 Magadiversity Countries of the World.
  4. 4. INDIA—A MEGA BIODIVERSITY COUNTRY
  5. 5. Main Points of Discussions  Main Purpose of Conservation of Biodiversity.  Reasons for Loss of Biodiversity.  Main technique to Consrevation of Biodiversity.  The steps or efforts taken in India to save Biodiversity.  Conclusion.
  6. 6. MAIN PURPOSE OF CONSERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY  1. To continue & sustain the eco system.  2. To sustain Variety of gene pool.  3. Developement of Tourism.  4. Medicinal use for the benefit of Human.  5. To Maintain economic growth.  6. Conservation of food resources.  7. To save social values.  8. To save Ethical values.  9. To save optional values.  10. To save endangered species,rare species &
  7. 7. THE MAIN REASON FOR LOSS OF BIODIVERSITY  1. Destruction of habitate or Loss and Fragmentation of habitate.  2. Hunting for economic Purpose.  3. Over Exploitation.  4. For the Purpose of Scientific research and zoo Collection.  5. Control of Paste and Predators.  6. Pollution.  7. Introduction of Exotic Species.  8. Climate Change.  9. Natural Calamities. Etc.
  8. 8. RECKLESS FELLING OF TREES
  9. 9. HUNTING HUNTING
  10. 10. FOREST FIRE
  11. 11. Bus ride through a Forest Fire in Queensland_ Australia - YouTube - Shortcut.lnk
  12. 12. CONSTRUCTION OF DAM
  13. 13. 2008 floods in India - YouTube - Shortcut.lnk
  14. 14. CONSTRUCTION OF ROAD
  15. 15. MAIN TACHNIQUES OF CONSERVATION OF BIO-DIVERSITY In-situ Conservation. Ex-situ Conservation.
  16. 16. IN-SITU CONSERVATION  1. Botanical Garden.  2. National Park.  3. Sanctuary  4. Reserve forest.  5. Biosphere Reserve.  6. Bird Sanctuary.  7. Tiger project.  8. Crocdile project.  9. Zoo garden.  10. Conservation of water land.
  17. 17. KAJIRANGA NATIONAL PARK
  18. 18. HIMALAYAN CHITAH
  19. 19. PROJECTTIGER
  20. 20. EX-SITU CONSERVATION Crio preservation. 1. Gene Bank. 2. Sperm Bank. 3. Ova Bank. 4. Seed Bank.
  21. 21. GENE BANK GENE BANK
  22. 22. HA! HA! SURVIVED! HA! HA! ----SURVIVED!
  23. 23. OTHER MODES OF CONSERVATION  Strict Legal action againist poaching.  Proper Implementation of Acts to save Bio- Diversity.  Awareness programme.
  24. 24. THE STEPS OR EFFORTS TAKEN IN INDIA TO SAVE BIO-DIVERSITY  1. Establishment of Ministry of environment & forest 1980.  2. Establishment of Protected area:  Sanctuary – 500  National Park 92  Reserve forest  Botanical gardens  3. Establishment of forest survey of India 1981  Botanical survey of India 1890(Cal).  Zoological survey of India.  4. Establishment of medicinal plant conservation area(MPCA).  5. Establishment Plant development area(MPDA).  6. Establishment of national Plants gene bank  7. Establishment of WWF India.  8.Establishment of Bombay Natural History sciety 1983.  9. Establishment of TRAFFIC INDIA 1991.
  25. 25. Continued  10. Announcement of 13 Biosphere reserve.  11. Membership of convention on International trade in endangered species of world flora & fauna.
  26. 26. IN CASE OF EX-SITU CONSERVATION:  1. Establishment of NBAGR (National Bureau of animal genetic resources. Karnel,Hariyana.  2. NFPTCR (Ntional facility for plant tissue culture repository) conservation of plant variety through tissue culture.  3. NBPGR (National Bureau of plant genetic resources) New Delhi,for Criogenic preservation of seed.
  27. 27. PROTECTION ACTS  1. Madras wildlife Acts 1873.  2. All India elephant preservation Act 1879  3. The wild Birds and animals Protection Act 1912.  4. Bengal Rhinoceros preservation Act 1932.  5. Assam Rhinoceros preservation Act 1954.  6. All India wildlife protection Act 1972 ammended in 1983,1986,1991.  7. Bio-Diversity Act 2002.  8. Environment protection Act 1996.
  28. 28. ESTABLISHMENT OF -  Green Bench.  Central pollution control Board.  State pollution Control Board.  National Committee for environment protaction.  Introduce the environment impact assesement Notification 1994.  National resource accounting and life cycle assessment through setelite.
  29. 29. Conclusion
  30. 30. NATURE IS IN OUR HAND TO NURSE
  31. 31. Thanks .! ?
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