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Indraprastha International School Yamuna Project

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Indraprastha International School Yamuna Project

Indraprastha International School Yamuna Project

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  • 1. The Yamuna, sometimes called Jamuna .
  • 2. • Nearly 57 million people depend on the Yamuna waters. • Annual flow of about 10,000 cubic billion metres (cbm) • 96 % for irrigation. • 70 per cent of Delhi’s water supplies.
  • 3. It is NOT a problem of pollution that is killing Yamuna, the issue is there is absolutely NO water in Yamuna after Hathni Kund in Haryana. All existing solutions in fact do NOT correct the real problem and hence we have same problem even after spending hundreds of crores of rupees.
  • 4. Almost, 97% of its natural fresh water is taken away after a few kilometers of its birth.
  • 5. Delhi sewage contributes 71 % of the pollution to River Yamuna. 2% of the total length of 1376 km of the entire stretch of Yamuna .
  • 6. •In April 2011, a foot march was taken by up some saints along the river’s 600 kilometer . •Non Profit Organizations and the media took it up in a big way.
  • 7. Yamuna Action Plan was conceived in early 1990’s. To stop drains from dumping wastewater into the 1375-km-longriver and to intercept and divert sewage.
  • 8. In 1993, loan from the Japanese Government through Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC). The bank gave Rs 480 crore for the entire Phase-I of YAP, of which Delhi received Rs 164 crore.  Project implementing agency in Delhi: Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD).
  • 9. Content of suspended solids in Yamuna – 1,000-10,000 mg Permissible content of suspended solids – 100 mg Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) – 15 – 30 mg per liter Normal BOD level – 3 mg per liter
  • 10. The dissolved oxygen level is critically important for water plants and fish. Delhi’s drinking water requirement – 1480 cusecs Available drinking water – 1221 cusecs Existing forest cover: 10.2% of the total area
  • 11. The river was supposed to be cleaned by ensuring no-entry of untreated sewage. 744 million liters/day (MLD) of sewage was proposed to be intercepted and treated before it enters the river. • Mini and micro sewage treatment plants (STPs) were envisaged at a cost of Rs 9.81 crore. •
  • 12. Were put across the Yamuna bridges, prohibiting people from throwing anything and everything into the river. A coordinating NGO Accord was given 2.16 crore to create awareness and encourage slum dwellers to use the CTCs.
  • 13. A. Common Effluent Treatment Plants (CETP) The Delhi government promised to set up 15 CETPs five years back, only 2 have been commissioned so far. B. Anaerobic Sludge-Blanket Reactor As an immediate measure to stop pollution in the river this state of the art machine will be used simultaneously with CETPs.
  • 14. C. Dredge utility crafts (DUC) The Delhi Government spent Rs 26 lakh on the DUCs that are best suited to move the silt in the bed. Each DUC is capable of taking out 180 cum of silt in 6 hours. D. Clearing Of Yamuna Slums The Delhi High Court directed the concerned authorities (DDA, MCD, PWD, DJB, and Central Government) to remove all illegal, unauthorized constructions, including places of worship on Yamuna bed and its embankment within 2 months from March 2003.
  • 15. E. National River Conservation Plan (NRCP) •The NRCP covers 157 towns and 31 stretches of polluted rivers in 18 States. •Approved cost of the project – Rs 4064 crores, of which the Centre’s share is 3464 crore. 763 projects worth Rs 2640 crores have been sanctioned under the plan, of which 338 have been completed.
  • 16.  Some drains that dump wastewater into the Yamuna are not intercepted and so some new pollution points have come up. Problem areas: Muzaffarnagar, Yamunanagar, Agra and Faridabad.  Installed STPs are functioning inefficiently and erratically, as the wastewater to be treated does not reach it.  Frequent power cuts stall work.
  • 17. To maintain the quality of the water of the major rivers through the implementation of various pollution abatement schemes. The river-cleansing programme was started with the Ganga Action Plan (GAP) in 1985 to GAP-II in 1995 before being merged into the NRCP in 1996. Governing Body: National River Conservation Authority (NRCA) Target: to clean all major rivers by 2007 and others by 2012.
  • 18. The serious Near Majnu ka tila Gurudwara Near Wazirapur village pH 8 12 Conductivity 31 41 Transparency 4 ½ inches 8inches 34°C 36°C Temperature
  • 19. Y E S N O

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