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  • 4. Planning Commission, Poverty Estimates for 2004-05, based on URP
  • Transcript

    • 1. EKTA SHAH IF2008046 ZINAL SHAH IF2008055 FORUM SHETH IF2008057
    • 2.  
    • 3.
      • Urbanization transforms the role of the family, demographic structures, the nature of work, and the way we choose to live and with whom.
      • It is now widely accepted that urbanization is as much a social process as it is an economic and territorial process.
      • It also modifies domestic roles and relations within the family, and redefines concepts of individual and social responsibility.
    • 4. HIV/AIDS Malaria ARI Cerebro- vascular Dengue Tuberculosis Polio Obesity Injuries Ischemic Heart Disease Indoor Air Pollution Diarrheal Disease Diabetes Gun Violence Environmental Pollution Aging Avian Influenza
    • 5.
      • Education - 20% of the urban population age 6-17 are out of school;
      • Power - ~10% of urban households do not have electricity;
      • Water - ~25% of urban households do not have access to piped water; ~50% do not purify water before drinking;
      • Sanitation - 20% of urban households do not have toilets;
      Source: National Family Health Survey 1998-99
    • 6.
      • Shelter - >3 people share one room in 30% of urban households;
      • Health – Urban populations ( especially the poor ) are at high risk to infections and chronic diseases
    • 7.
      • Pollution effects are indeed many and wide ranging
      • The excessive level of pollution is causing damage to human and animal health and plants and trees
      • It causes physical as well as psychological
      • and behavioral disorders.
    • 8.  
    • 9.
      • Our global human population, 6 billion at present ,will cross the 7 billion mark by 2015.
      • Rising population growth can lessen our quality of life because it:
      • destroys resources, such as water and forests, needed to sustain us
      • slows the dynamics of a healthy economy
      • decreases the level of biodiversity upon which we depend
    • 10.  
    • 11.  
    • 12.  
    • 13.
      • There are many aspects of poverty –
      • Lack of income
      • Lack of assets
      • Lack of legal rights
      • Lack of the resources
      • Lack of access to education
      • Poor quality of housing.
    • 14.
      • Poverty is growing in urban areas.
      • By 2020 over 75% of the poor in Central Asia and almost half of the poor in Asia will reside in cities and towns
      Percent of Poor Population In Cities and Towns Source: Bloem, M., et. al., 2003. Cities in Transition Presentation
    • 15.
      • Urban population – India: ~328 million
      • India is expected to be approximately 40% (550 million) urban by 2026
      • Urban poor estimated at 80 -100 million
      • Estimated annual births among urban poor: 2 million ( Based on CBR 19.1 for urban population and 100 million urban poor population)
      Courtesy of Dr. Siddarth Agarwal, Urban Health Resource Center, India; USAID/India Urban Health Project
    • 16.  
    • 17.
      • Understanding the local context through needs assessment and situation analysis
      Listing of Slums ensuring Identification of all Poverty Pockets Developing Vulnerability Criteria through Slum Visits and Discussions Slum-based Data Collection Triangulation of Results for Vulnerability, Slum Location and Hidden Areas Consolidation of Data and Categorization of Slums; Mapping Courtesy of Dr. Siddarth Agarwal, Urban Health Resource Center, India; USAID/India Urban Health Project
    • 18. 328 unlisted slums (population 510,397) 452 listed slums (population 820,139) 780 slums (Total) According to NSSO 58 th Round (2002) 49.4% slums are non-notified in India Courtesy of Dr. Siddarth Agarwal, Urban Health Resource Center, India; USAID/India Urban Health Project City Slums on official List Unlisted Slums Agra 215 178 Dehradun 78 28 Bally 75 45 Jamshedpur 84 77 452 328
    • 19.
      • Expand attention to and investment in urban health – build a rational global strategy
      • Link to major health programs such as PEPFAR, CS/MCH, TB, Malaria and Infectious Diseases (including AI) maximize “wrap around” efforts with these programs
      • Mainstream urban health in the donor community
      • Increase local municipality engagement in health
    • 20.
      • An urban transition is inevitable
      • Virtually all growth will be urban in the future
      • Recognize the urban imperative, mainstream it…
      • Acknowledge the transitions…
        • deal with in the urban setting
        • Balance infectious and chronic disease interventions in the crucible
    • 21.