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  • 4. Planning Commission, Poverty Estimates for 2004-05, based on URP

Finalppt Finalppt Presentation Transcript

  • EKTA SHAH IF2008046 ZINAL SHAH IF2008055 FORUM SHETH IF2008057
    • Urbanization transforms the role of the family, demographic structures, the nature of work, and the way we choose to live and with whom.
    • It is now widely accepted that urbanization is as much a social process as it is an economic and territorial process.
    • It also modifies domestic roles and relations within the family, and redefines concepts of individual and social responsibility.
  • HIV/AIDS Malaria ARI Cerebro- vascular Dengue Tuberculosis Polio Obesity Injuries Ischemic Heart Disease Indoor Air Pollution Diarrheal Disease Diabetes Gun Violence Environmental Pollution Aging Avian Influenza
    • Education - 20% of the urban population age 6-17 are out of school;
    • Power - ~10% of urban households do not have electricity;
    • Water - ~25% of urban households do not have access to piped water; ~50% do not purify water before drinking;
    • Sanitation - 20% of urban households do not have toilets;
    Source: National Family Health Survey 1998-99
    • Shelter - >3 people share one room in 30% of urban households;
    • Health – Urban populations ( especially the poor ) are at high risk to infections and chronic diseases
    • Pollution effects are indeed many and wide ranging
    • The excessive level of pollution is causing damage to human and animal health and plants and trees
    • It causes physical as well as psychological
    • and behavioral disorders.
    • Our global human population, 6 billion at present ,will cross the 7 billion mark by 2015.
    • Rising population growth can lessen our quality of life because it:
    • destroys resources, such as water and forests, needed to sustain us
    • slows the dynamics of a healthy economy
    • decreases the level of biodiversity upon which we depend
    • There are many aspects of poverty –
    • Lack of income
    • Lack of assets
    • Lack of legal rights
    • Lack of the resources
    • Lack of access to education
    • Poor quality of housing.
    • Poverty is growing in urban areas.
    • By 2020 over 75% of the poor in Central Asia and almost half of the poor in Asia will reside in cities and towns
    Percent of Poor Population In Cities and Towns Source: Bloem, M., et. al., 2003. Cities in Transition Presentation
    • Urban population – India: ~328 million
    • India is expected to be approximately 40% (550 million) urban by 2026
    • Urban poor estimated at 80 -100 million
    • Estimated annual births among urban poor: 2 million ( Based on CBR 19.1 for urban population and 100 million urban poor population)
    Courtesy of Dr. Siddarth Agarwal, Urban Health Resource Center, India; USAID/India Urban Health Project
    • Understanding the local context through needs assessment and situation analysis
    Listing of Slums ensuring Identification of all Poverty Pockets Developing Vulnerability Criteria through Slum Visits and Discussions Slum-based Data Collection Triangulation of Results for Vulnerability, Slum Location and Hidden Areas Consolidation of Data and Categorization of Slums; Mapping Courtesy of Dr. Siddarth Agarwal, Urban Health Resource Center, India; USAID/India Urban Health Project
  • 328 unlisted slums (population 510,397) 452 listed slums (population 820,139) 780 slums (Total) According to NSSO 58 th Round (2002) 49.4% slums are non-notified in India Courtesy of Dr. Siddarth Agarwal, Urban Health Resource Center, India; USAID/India Urban Health Project City Slums on official List Unlisted Slums Agra 215 178 Dehradun 78 28 Bally 75 45 Jamshedpur 84 77 452 328
    • Expand attention to and investment in urban health – build a rational global strategy
    • Link to major health programs such as PEPFAR, CS/MCH, TB, Malaria and Infectious Diseases (including AI) maximize “wrap around” efforts with these programs
    • Mainstream urban health in the donor community
    • Increase local municipality engagement in health
    • An urban transition is inevitable
    • Virtually all growth will be urban in the future
    • Recognize the urban imperative, mainstream it…
    • Acknowledge the transitions…
      • deal with in the urban setting
      • Balance infectious and chronic disease interventions in the crucible