Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • 4. Planning Commission, Poverty Estimates for 2004-05, based on URP
  • Finalppt

    1. 1. EKTA SHAH IF2008046 ZINAL SHAH IF2008055 FORUM SHETH IF2008057
    2. 3. <ul><li>Urbanization transforms the role of the family, demographic structures, the nature of work, and the way we choose to live and with whom. </li></ul><ul><li>It is now widely accepted that urbanization is as much a social process as it is an economic and territorial process. </li></ul><ul><li>It also modifies domestic roles and relations within the family, and redefines concepts of individual and social responsibility. </li></ul>INTRODUCTION:
    3. 4. HIV/AIDS Malaria ARI Cerebro- vascular Dengue Tuberculosis Polio Obesity Injuries Ischemic Heart Disease Indoor Air Pollution Diarrheal Disease Diabetes Gun Violence Environmental Pollution Aging Avian Influenza
    4. 5. <ul><li>Education - 20% of the urban population age 6-17 are out of school; </li></ul><ul><li>Power - ~10% of urban households do not have electricity; </li></ul><ul><li>Water - ~25% of urban households do not have access to piped water; ~50% do not purify water before drinking; </li></ul><ul><li>Sanitation - 20% of urban households do not have toilets; </li></ul>Source: National Family Health Survey 1998-99
    5. 6. <ul><li>Shelter - >3 people share one room in 30% of urban households; </li></ul><ul><li>Health – Urban populations ( especially the poor ) are at high risk to infections and chronic diseases </li></ul>
    6. 7. <ul><li>Pollution effects are indeed many and wide ranging </li></ul><ul><li>The excessive level of pollution is causing damage to human and animal health and plants and trees </li></ul><ul><li>It causes physical as well as psychological </li></ul><ul><li>and behavioral disorders. </li></ul>
    7. 9. <ul><li>Our global human population, 6 billion at present ,will cross the 7 billion mark by 2015. </li></ul><ul><li>Rising population growth can lessen our quality of life because it: </li></ul><ul><li>destroys resources, such as water and forests, needed to sustain us </li></ul><ul><li>slows the dynamics of a healthy economy </li></ul><ul><li>decreases the level of biodiversity upon which we depend </li></ul>
    8. 13. <ul><li>There are many aspects of poverty – </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of income </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of assets </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of legal rights </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of the resources </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of access to education </li></ul><ul><li>Poor quality of housing. </li></ul>
    9. 14. <ul><li>Poverty is growing in urban areas. </li></ul><ul><li>By 2020 over 75% of the poor in Central Asia and almost half of the poor in Asia will reside in cities and towns </li></ul>Percent of Poor Population In Cities and Towns Source: Bloem, M., et. al., 2003. Cities in Transition Presentation
    10. 15. <ul><li>Urban population – India: ~328 million </li></ul><ul><li>India is expected to be approximately 40% (550 million) urban by 2026 </li></ul><ul><li>Urban poor estimated at 80 -100 million </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated annual births among urban poor: 2 million ( Based on CBR 19.1 for urban population and 100 million urban poor population) </li></ul>Courtesy of Dr. Siddarth Agarwal, Urban Health Resource Center, India; USAID/India Urban Health Project
    11. 17. <ul><li>Understanding the local context through needs assessment and situation analysis </li></ul>Listing of Slums ensuring Identification of all Poverty Pockets Developing Vulnerability Criteria through Slum Visits and Discussions Slum-based Data Collection Triangulation of Results for Vulnerability, Slum Location and Hidden Areas Consolidation of Data and Categorization of Slums; Mapping Courtesy of Dr. Siddarth Agarwal, Urban Health Resource Center, India; USAID/India Urban Health Project
    12. 18. 328 unlisted slums (population 510,397) 452 listed slums (population 820,139) 780 slums (Total) According to NSSO 58 th Round (2002) 49.4% slums are non-notified in India Courtesy of Dr. Siddarth Agarwal, Urban Health Resource Center, India; USAID/India Urban Health Project City Slums on official List Unlisted Slums Agra 215 178 Dehradun 78 28 Bally 75 45 Jamshedpur 84 77 452 328
    13. 19. <ul><li>Expand attention to and investment in urban health – build a rational global strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Link to major health programs such as PEPFAR, CS/MCH, TB, Malaria and Infectious Diseases (including AI) maximize “wrap around” efforts with these programs </li></ul><ul><li>Mainstream urban health in the donor community </li></ul><ul><li>Increase local municipality engagement in health </li></ul>
    14. 20. <ul><li>An urban transition is inevitable </li></ul><ul><li>Virtually all growth will be urban in the future </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize the urban imperative, mainstream it… </li></ul><ul><li>Acknowledge the transitions… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>deal with in the urban setting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Balance infectious and chronic disease interventions in the crucible </li></ul></ul>