Cold chain dubai 26_oct08[1]
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  • Thermochrons Monitor Fruit Exports

Cold chain dubai 26_oct08[1] Cold chain dubai 26_oct08[1] Presentation Transcript

  • INTEGRATED COLD CHAIN FOR FRESH PRODUCE Sanjay Sethi, VP- Food & Agri, Technopak Advisors Cold Chain Forum: Dubai 26 th & 27 th October, 2008
  • Table of Contents
    • OVERVIEW
    • CURRENT STATUS OF COLD CHAIN IN INDIA
    • KEY CHALLENGES
    • GROWTH DRIVERS
    • RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
    • OUR SUGGESTIONS
  • Cold Chain: An Overview A logistic system for ensuring ideal storage conditions for the perishables from the point of origin to sale
    • Cold Chain retains the longevity of
      • Product characteristics
      • Active ingredients
      • Freshness
      • Nutritive value
    Existing supply chain Proper supply chain
  • Buying Behaviour
      • Appearance
      • Taste and Flavour
      • Freshness, Ripeness
      • Price
      • Nutrition Value
      • Shelf Life
  • Small breaks in the cold chain
  • Cold Chain: Market Size & Potential
    • Total market size of $ 2.6 bn
        • Cold storage - 88%
        • Cold transport -12%
    • Storage & transportation include facilities like pre cooling, grading & sorting
    • Cold chain has potential to grow to $ 12.4 bn by 2015
    • Cold transportation would also witness higher growth
  • Cold Storage: Capacity
    • Total installed capacity of 22 million MT and additional capacity of 114 million MT is required by 2015
    • Two states - Uttar Pradesh & West Bengal have 65% of total installed Capacity
    • Larger capacity per installed units are required (at production as well as consumption centers)
    • Investment required of $ 5 billion over the next 5 years
  • Cold Storage Utilization
    • High fluctuation in capacity utilization due to seasonality of produce
    • Potatoes occupies maximum capacity for 4-5 months of storage cycle
  • Reefer Transport
    • Key facts:
    • 25000 reefer vehicle for perishables
    • Dairy reefer has 20000 vehicles, only 5000 left for rest of perishables
    • Reefer Transport for:
      • Exports 2.5 million MT
      • Domestic consumption 1.5 million MT
    Additional reefer vehicle requirement of 90 to 100 thousands by 2015
  • Airflow inside an Integral Reefer Container
  • Airflow inside a refrigerated trailor
  • Reefer container ship
  • Fresh Air Cargo
    • Relaxation by Government of India for private air cargo
    • Main commodities transported are fresh fruits & vegetables
    • Reliance’s owned private cargo airport is coming at Jhajjar (Haryana)
  • Cold Chain Utilization by Commodity Group Fruits & vegetables Ice cream sector & confectionery Dairy products Meat & marine products Floriculture
  • Market Potential of F&V
    • Market size will grow from $ 47 billions in ‘07 to $75 billions by 2015 @ 6%
    • Value contribution of processed F&V would grow from 7% in ‘07 to 35% in 2015
    • High level of processing will need robust Cold Chain with respect to:
      • Regular Supply
      • Storage of raw Finished Product
      • Maintaining the Quality
      • Manage the traceability
  • Wastage of Fresh Produce Total wastage of fruits & vegetables is about 25-30% Break-up of wastage from farm to state level (%value)
  • F&V Sensitivity to Freezing Most sensitive Moderately sensitive Least sensitive Potato Apples Beets Tomato Oranges Carrots Cucumber Carrots Turnips Bananas Peas Dates Beans Cauliflower Cabbage
  • Chilling Injury F&V subject to chilling injury at below freezing temperatures Commodity Approximate Lowest Safe Temp. o F o C Banana 55 12.8 Beans 55 12.8 Cucumber 45 7.2 Mangoes 50 10 Potato 38 3.3
  • Cold Chain Logistics
    • Procurement and delivery systems
    • Pre-cooling facilities
    • Refrigerated vehicles
    • Cold stores / C A stores
    • Grading, sorting and packaging
    • Warehouses
    • Information systems
    • Traceability issues
  • Existing players in cold chain industry
      • Snowman
      • Carriers
      • Crystal
      • Refcon
      • Bulkani deep freeze
      • Glacio cold chain
      • R.K. Foodland
      • Trans cold chain
      • Sensitech
      • Fresh & Healthy(Concor)
      • Weber distribution
      • Apollo Everest Kool Solutions
      • GATI (Kausar), And Many more
  • Key Challenges
    • Seasonal production and irregular supply
    • High level of wastage and improper handling of produce
    • Inadequate Infrastructure
      • Post harvest, storage and marketing infrastructure
      • Inadequate and erratic power supply
      • Poor road infrastructure
        • Inadequate capital availability
    • High capital cost - working capital & project cost
        • Lack of advance technologies and producer awareness
        • Lack of trained and skilled human resource
  • Critical Success Factors
  • Solar Powered Refrigerated Warehouses
  • Modern Loading Dock
  • ColdSAFE Packaging Systems
  • Insulated Containers t e c h n o p a k
  • Growth Drivers
    • Huge production and fast growth in production
    • Increasing demand for perishable food products
    • Increasing growth of food processing
    • Growth in organized food retail
    • Rising middle class population & disposable income
    • Changing food habits
    • New technologies
    • Government support
  • Fruit & Vegetables Retail  The fresh fruit & vegetable area offers choice... 6
  • Fruit & Vegetables Retail  ...in a market-style setting. 7
  • Fruit & Vegetables Retail  Fruit & veg are also found pre-packed, cut and washed for convenience. 8
  • Fruit & Vegetables Retail  Under the Foodhall banner, P 'n P has also developed pre-cut vegetables and 'soup packs'. 10
  • Recent Developments
    • Technological innovations
        • PDF data logger – Libero (ABB)
    • New players (M&A, JV’S):
        • Apollo – Spire : Apollo Everest Cool Solutions
        • GATI
    • Government Initiatives
        • 100 % FDI is allowed
        • Cold Chain Infrastructure Schemes(CCIS)
        • Development of Strategic Distribution Centers (SDC)
        • Creation of National Green Grid
  • Analog & Digital Data Loggers
  • National Green Grid - The Concept
        • End to end solutions
        • Planning through mapping of different modes of transports
        • Will lead to the development of “National Market for Perishables”
  • National Green Grid Consumption Centers Green Grid Zone The Blue Print
  • Our Suggestions
    • Co-ordinated planning & execution at both production and consumption bases
    • Create adequate integrated cold chain - logistics infrastructure
    • Technology up gradation & maintenance
    • Capital infusion - private sector participation, FDI
    • Developing support infrastructure
    • Risk management by providing services and information in time
    • Enabling regulations
    • “ We are out there in the real world.
    • We are not in a controlled chamber”
  • Thank You! [email_address] +91-9004389012