Right To Information Act An Overview


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  • dear sir please give me the list of jan suchna adhikari / public information officers of all govt department / offices in uttar pradesh
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Right To Information Act An Overview

  1. 1. Click to enter
  2. 2. “ Secrecy without good reason is no longer an option"
  3. 3. The World's Right to Know During the last decade, 26 countries have enacted new legislation giving their citizens access to government information. Why?
  4. 4. The World's Right to Know writes Thomas Blanton in the July/August 2002 issue of freedominfo.org's on Foreign Policy Because the concept of freedom of information is evolving from a moral indictment of secrecy to a tool for market regulation, more efficient government, and economic and technological growth.
  5. 5. An Overview Right To Information in India:
  6. 6. Information is Key Democratic Process and Good Governance Realisation of Human Rights Human Development Why Right to Information?
  7. 7. Right to Information in India <ul><li>Right to Information is a Fundamental Right </li></ul><ul><li>It is a part of the Fundamental Right to Freedom of Speech and Expression recognized in various Supreme Court decisions. </li></ul><ul><li>It is directly linked to the Right to Life - the Honourable Supreme Court has widened the definition of Right to Life to include the right to food, health, education, liberty , etc. denial of information is a denial of these rights. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Problems in accessing information !!!!
  9. 9. <ul><li>Laws like the Official Secrets Act, 1923, </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Evidence Act, 1872 and </li></ul><ul><li>The Civil Servants Code of Conduct Rules, 1968 contain provisions that restrict the fundamental right to information </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Culture of secrecy prevalent in government </li></ul>Lack of accountability in public office
  11. 11. <ul><li>People do not know where to go for information </li></ul><ul><li>Illiteracy </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Badly maintained records </li></ul>
  13. 13. Why do we need a Law on RTI
  14. 14. <ul><li>Law is needed to make access to information a reality for every citizen </li></ul><ul><li>A law will operationalise the fundamental right to information </li></ul><ul><li>Legislation will help set up systems and mechanisms that facilitate peoples’ easy access to information </li></ul>Why do we need a Law on RTI Law will promote transparency and accountability and enable people’s participation in governance Law will help minimise corruption and inefficiency in public offices
  15. 15. Basic Elements of RTI Law <ul><li>Minimal Exceptions </li></ul><ul><li>Duty to Inform – Suo moto disclosures </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability Provisions </li></ul><ul><li>Provisions for setting up systems to maintain records and store information for easy retrieval </li></ul><ul><li>Reasonable Fee Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Time limits for providing information. </li></ul><ul><li>Be applicable to private bodies too. </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of Privacy </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of Whistleblowers [ an informant who exposes wrongdoing within an organization in the hope of stopping it ] </li></ul><ul><li>Publicity and Training </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Progressive Indian States Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu became the first state in India to have passed a law on Right to Information. 1997
  17. 17. Goa Goa legislature enacts a law on Right to Information . 1997 The Progressive Indian States
  18. 18. Rajasthan The Progressive Indian States 2000 The movement by Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sanghatan grew and the campaign resulted in the government of Rajasthan enacting a law on Right to Information in 2000.
  19. 19. Karnataka Karnataka passes legislations on right to information Law came into effect in 2002 2000 The Progressive Indian States
  20. 20. New Delhi 2001- NCT Delhi assembly passes a law on Right to Information . 2001 The Progressive Indian States
  21. 21. Uttar Pradesh introduces a Code of Access applicable to some government departments. The Progressive Indian States Uttar Pradesh
  22. 22. Madhya Pradesh 1997 - The Madhya Pradesh Government issues executive orders to 36 departments to implement Right to Information 1998 – The Government of Madhya Pradesh tables a Bill on Right to Information which is passed by the legislature. On Jan 31st MP Govt. passes MP RTI Act. 2003- The Progressive Indian States
  23. 23. Maharashtra 2002- In Sept. Maharashtra Govt. passes RTI Ordinance which overwrites the Maharashtra RTI Act 2000 . 2003- In Aug. Maharashtra converts its Ordinance into new RTI Act . The Progressive Indian States
  24. 24. Chattisgarh - No law but executive orders in departments to make information available to people The Progressive Indian States
  25. 25. Orissa (draft bill). Executive order with respect to Panchayat matters on Freedom of Information. The Progressive Indian States
  26. 26. Developments on Right to Information in India :- 1990 - Prime Minister V.P Singh heading the national front government stresses on the importance of Right to Information as a legislated right.
  27. 27. Developments on Right to Information in India :- 1994 - Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sanghatan (MKSS) started a grassroots campaign for right to information – demanding information concerning development works in rural Rajasthan which resulted in the government of Rajasthan enacting a law on Right to Information in 2000.
  28. 28. 1996 - Press Council of India under guidance of its Chairman Justice P.B Sawant drafted a law which was later updated and changed at a workshop and renamed “The Press Council –NIRD Freedom of Information Act, 1997.” Developments on Right to Information in India :-
  29. 29. <ul><li>1997 – The Working group appointed by the United Front Government under the Chairmanship of Mr H.D Shourie drafted a law called the Freedom of Information Bill, 1997. </li></ul>Developments on Right to Information in India :-
  30. 30. 1998 – The Prime Minister Shri Atal Behari Vajpayee announces that a Law on right to information shall be enacted soon. Developments on Right to Information in India :-
  31. 31. 2000 - Freedom of Information Bill, 2000, tabled before Parliament – after some debate it was referred to the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Home Affairs for review . Developments on Right to Information in India :-
  32. 32. PUBLIC INTEREST OVERRIDE : This means that even if the information is exempted from disclosure under the law, if the disclosure is in the public interest, the information in question shall be disclosed.
  33. 33. SUO-MOTO- DISCLOSURE Implementation of Suo-moto provisions far from satisfactory.
  34. 34. Fee Structure <ul><li>High Fee Structure States- Delhi and Goa </li></ul><ul><li>Delhi- Application Fee Rs. 50/-(General Info.) Rs.500/-(Commercial Info)+Rs.5/- per page photocopy </li></ul><ul><li>Goa- Application Fee Rs. 100/- + Photocopy charges </li></ul><ul><li>Maharashtra – Application Fee Rs. 10/-+Rs 0.50/- per page photocopy . </li></ul>
  35. 35. Fee Structure <ul><li>Karnataka- No Application Fee. Rs. 5/- per page photocopy. </li></ul><ul><li>Rajasthan- Application Fee Rs.5/- + Rs. 2/- per page photocopy. </li></ul><ul><li>M.P. & FOI Act – To be prescribed. </li></ul><ul><li>Tamil Nadu – No provision for fees . </li></ul>
  36. 36. Time Limits <ul><li>30 days for all State Acts except… 15 days for Maharashtra Act . </li></ul><ul><li>For urgent requests for info regarding life and liberty- </li></ul><ul><li>Maharashtra (24 hrs)‏ </li></ul>Other States- No provision for Urgent Requests.
  37. 37. To Sum It Up… <ul><li>Right to Information legislation is still in its infancy. There is an urgent need to build awareness on this issue and build demand for information. </li></ul>
  38. 38. http://cenexkovai.tn.nic.in for further details please visit us @
  39. 39. Thank You Computer Centre Coimbatore