Sanjana J Pillai
Language of German buildings
The new Bauhaus building in Dessau (1926)
“You must walk around the building to understand its
materiality and function of its various elements.”
•Literally means “the art of building”
•Aimed to reconcile arts and crafts
to create a new industrial aesthetic
Elements of the building:
• Higher Academy of
• Technical School
• Collective area for
• Housing for teachers.
• Area for
Higher Academy of Arts
Collective area for theatre
Studio accommodation for
Area for administration
Housing for teachers
•Based on Henry
Ford’s concept of
the assembly line.
completed in a
the most filmed
movie in Europe.
•Construction of each element is
clear, no bolts are hidden and
all metal work is revealed.
•Stressed on the industrial aspect
“What is usually hidden must be
Stairwells became vast
and luminous meeting
places that inspired
painters as a symbol of a
new art of living.
Bauhaus became a place of experiments and crazy ideas.
Fall of Bauhaus (1932)
cosmopolitan by the
Suggestions presented to alter the Bauhaus to make it more
Finally, nothing was changed and Bauhaus became a
school for teaching, cookery and sewing.
During World War II, it was converted into a training centre
for Nazi officials.
FAGGUS FACTORY (1911)
Walter Gropius, Adolf Meyers
• An influential rejection of
ornament in the cause of
• New architecture in line
with the technology
• The need for light, air and
clarity taken into
consideration and uses the new
technical possibilities of
construction with glass and steel
in pre-fabricated processing.
•The curtain wall used in the
Bauhaus school was first tested
The corners are left open and the
piers are recessed leaving the
glass surface to the front.
"The role of the walls becomes restricted to that of mere
screens stretched between the upright columns of the
framework to keep out rain, cold and noise”
HARVARD GRADUATE CENTRE(19491950)
•Commissioned of The Architects Collaborative by Harvard
University in 1948.
•The first modern building on the campus
•the first endorsement of the modern style by a major
•Turning point in the acceptance of the aesthetic in
•Follows Bauhaus philosophy- maximum efficiency and
•a bold choice for the typically traditional university
• The physical Gropius hallmarks – large windows, flowing
rooms, floating facades on raised pillars – are all present
•The building reveals the acceptance of modernism on
• Like the Bauhaus, this grouping is functional
and factory-like in appearance.
• Walks connect the seven brick dormitories
which are characterized by their spare
look, smooth planar walls, and asymmetric
balance in the window treatment.
•Harkness Commons (left) is the focus of the
complex and contains recreational facilities
and a second floor dining room.
• The group of eight buildings arranged
round small and large courtyards has a
good community feel about it.
•The various buildings house
dormitories, common-rooms, refectory and
a lounge convertible into a meeting hall for
•The dormitory blocks are constructed in
reinforced concrete and the community
buildings in steelwork.
•The planning of the dormitories is of the
conventional central-corridor type with
single and double rooms off either side.
Le Bauhaus de Dessau, film by Frederic Compain (1995-200