Y10 ub4 1 industry sectors 11_2 janpp

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Y10 ub4 1 industry sectors 11_2 janpp

  1. 1. SECTORS OF INDUSTRY
  2. 2. Industry is the sector ofthe economy concernedwith the production ofgoods and services. 2
  3. 3. Industry has 4 sectors...Primary SecondaryTertiary Quaternary 3
  4. 4. Major businesses in this sector include agriculture, fishing, forestry and all mining and quarrying industriesThe primary sector ofindustry is also calledextraction. It generallyinvolves changingnatural resources intoprimary products.Most products fromthis sector areconsidered rawmaterials for otherindustries. Primary industry is a larger sector in developing countries; for instance, animal husbandry is more common in Africa than in Japan. 4
  5. 5. The secondary sector (manufacturing)produces finished, usable products. Thissector of industry generally takes theoutput of the primary sector andmanufactures finished goods or wherethey are suitable for use by otherbusinesses, for export, or sale todomestic consumers. * Aerospace manufacturing * Automobile manufacturing * Brewing industry * Chemical industry * Clothing industry * Electronics * Engineering * Energy industries * Metalworking * Steel production * Software engineering * Telecommunications Industry * Tobacco industry This sector is often divided into light industry and heavy industry. 5
  6. 6. The tertiary sector of industry isalso known as the service sectoror the service industry.It involves the provision of services tobusinesses as well as final consumers.Services may involve the transport,distribution and sale of goods fromproducer to a consumer, or may involvethe provision of a service, such as in pestcontrol or entertainment.News mediaLeisure industry/hotelsConsultingHealthcare/hospitals Goods may be transformed inWaste disposal the process of providing aEstate agents service, as happens in theBusiness services restaurant industry or inRestaurants equipment repair. However, theLocal government services focus is on people interactingCentral government services with people and serving theEducation customer rather thanLaw and order transforming physical goods 6
  7. 7. The quaternary sector is theresearch industry.Industrial research looks for new ways to cut costs, find newmarkets, produce new ideas, new production methods andmethods of manufacture. 7
  8. 8. The 4 Sectors of Industry are interrelated. An individualindustry will often use more than one sector in order to produce products.On the next slide we will see an example of how the four sectors relate together in the production of cotton clothes, part of the fashion industry. 8
  9. 9. COTTON IN THE FASHION INDUSTRY... PRIMARYCotton is grown and picked on a cotton farm 9
  10. 10. COTTON IN THE FASHION INDUSTRY... PRIMARYCotton is grown and picked on a cotton farm SECONDARY Cotton is processed to cloth, which is, in turn, sewn in to clothing. 10
  11. 11. COTTON IN THE FASHION INDUSTRY... PRIMARYCotton is grown and picked on a cotton farm SECONDARY TERTIARY Cotton is processed to cloth, Cotton clothes (eg jeans, which is, in turn, sewn in to shirts etc) are sold in high clothing. street shops. 11
  12. 12. COTTON IN THE FASHION INDUSTRY... PRIMARYCotton is grown and picked on a cotton farm SECONDARY TERTIARY Cotton is processed to cloth, Cotton clothes (eg jeans, which is, in turn, sewn in to shirts etc) are sold in high clothing. street shops. QUATERNARY: Research is carried out in to new ways of processing or growing cotton. e.g. organic cotton. 12
  13. 13. Models and fashion shows: tertiary. The entire fashion industry involves a great number ofdifferent products and services, all of which can be classified according to industrial sector... 13
  14. 14. Leather manufacture in a tannery: secondaryModels and fashion shows: tertiary. The entire fashion industry involves a great number ofdifferent products and services, all of which can be classified according to industrial sector... 14
  15. 15. Leather manufacture in a tannery: secondaryModels and fashion shows: tertiary. A shoe factory in hanoi: secondary The entire fashion industry involves a great number ofdifferent products and services, all of which can be classified according to industrial sector... 15
  16. 16. Leather manufacture in a tannery: secondaryModels and fashion shows: tertiary. A shoe factory in hanoi: secondary The entire fashion industry involves a great number ofdifferent products and services, all of which can be classified according to industrial sector... Sheep farming and sheering for wool production: primary 16
  17. 17. Leather manufacture in a tannery: secondaryModels and fashion shows: tertiary. A shoe factory in hanoi: secondary The entire fashion industry involves a great number ofdifferent products and services, all of which can be classified according to industrial sector... Sheep farming and sheering for wool production: primary Cosmetics research: quaternary 17
  18. 18. So which are these do you think? 18
  19. 19. Diagrammaticrepresentations Different ways!
  20. 20. What is happening in a country now?• One of the common ways to show this is by a pie chart.• We only graph the primary, secondary and tertiary sectors because quaternary are insignificant in many countries. Do you see any Don’t worry if you don’t we will look at this again next patterns? week in more detail 20
  21. 21. Besides pie charts …• Employment is can demonstrated on triangular graphs• Primary: E is between 50% & 60%. What?• Secondary: C is between 20% & 30%. What?• Tertiary: D is between 30% & 40%. What? 21
  22. 22. Besides pie charts …• X• 15% primary• 60% secondary• So what % tertiary?• Hint: adds to 100% 22
  23. 23. Besides pie charts …• G• ?% primary• ?% secondary• And ? % tertiary 23
  24. 24. Besides pie charts …• B• 5% primary• ?% secondary?• And ? % tertiary 24
  25. 25. Besides pie charts …• C?• ?% primary• ?% secondary• ?% tertiary?• E?• ?% primary• ?% secondary• ?% tertiary? 25

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