Meningitis

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Meningitis

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Meningitis

  1. 1. Meningitis
  2. 2. Introduction Meningitis is a relatively rare infection that affects the delicate membranes called meninges that cover the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis used to occur most commonly in infants, but because a vaccine is now given to infants, this infection now occurs mainly in adults. Outbreaks of meningitis, particularly the bacterial form, are rare in the United States. However, since 1991 such outbreaks have been increasing for reasons not yet understood. Viral meningitis tends to be less severe, and most people recover completely. Fungal meningitis is the most rare form and generally occurs only in people with weak immune systems, such as people with AIDS.
  3. 3. Definition Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges, the protective membrane that surround the brain & spinal cord.
  4. 4. Clinical Manifestations
  5. 5. Head ache High fever Nuchal rigidity Photophobia Skin lesions Disorientation & memory impairment Lethargy, unresponsiveness & coma Seizures & increased ICP
  6. 6. Complications Septic shock Vasomotor collapse Seizures Increased ICP Residual neurologic deficits

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