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Week 6 hypothesis

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  • 1. 427-302 Methods of SocialSciences Research
  • 2. /
  • 3. •• a clear unambiguous question able to be answered through your research project (Albert et al, 2003)
  • 4. FINER criteria for a good question:Feasible: Adequate numbers of subjectAdequate technical supportAffordable in time and moneyManageable in scopeInteresting – to the investigatorNovel: Confirms or refutes previous findingsExtends previous findingsProvides new findingsEthicalRelevant: To a field of tourism study
  • 5. 31.2.3.
  • 6. ( )1.2.3.
  • 7. ( ) 151. ..........2. ..........3. ..........4. ..........
  • 8. 1.2.3.
  • 9. 1.1.1 (Questions of Fact) -
  • 10. 1.1.2 (Questions of Values)(Subjective) :
  • 11. 1.2.1 :
  • 12. 1.2.2 :
  • 13. 1.3.1 (open-end question) 5 Ws + 1H
  • 14. 1.3.2 (closed -end question) “ ” (yes-no) :
  • 15. “Well-crafted questions guide the systematicplanning of research. Formulating yourquestions precisely enables you to design astudy with a good chance of answeringthem” (Light, Singer, & Willertt, 1990, p. 13)
  • 16. Research Hypothesis•• ( )
  • 17. 31.2.3.
  • 18. ( )1.2.3.
  • 19. ( )1. …………………..2. ……………3. ………………..
  • 20. 1.2.3.
  • 21. 1. 21.1 1:1.2 2:2.3.
  • 22. 1. (Null Hypothesis)2. (Alternative Hypothesis)1. (Null Hypothesis : Ho) “ ”“ ”“ 0” Ho:  =  or    = 0 1 2 1 2 2
  • 23. 1. (Alternative Hypothesis : H1) “ ”“ ” “ 0” 2 2.1 H1:  ≠  or    ≠ 0 1 2 1 2 2.2 H1:  >  or   ≠ 0 2 1 1 2 or   > 0 1 2
  • 24. 1. (comparative hypothesis) 2 2 “ ”
  • 25. 1. (relational hypothesis) 2 “ ”
  • 26. “ “
  • 27. Things to remember while working on research hypothesis As you gather more information and makemore progress on your project, the research hypothesis will become more detailed and refined. This means that your original research hypothesis might change while you are designing your project, but that’s ok.
  • 28. Things to remember while working on research hypothesis However, once you begin your project, it is not ethical to change the hypothesis.
  • 29. (Variable) vary = able = Variable =
  • 30. ( )
  • 31. . .•• GPA• • •