The Structural-Functional Paradigm- A theological framework of society that uses a complex system containing parts that are interconnected to promote solidarity and stability. Each part functions as part of a whole.
This paradigm specifically looks at…
Social Structure- Patterns of behavior that shape lives, such as family, work, school, and entertainment.
Social Functions- That occurs between individuals in society.
This includes simple gestures such as hand shakes, waves, gestures of acknowledgement as well as religious rituals.
Macro-Level Orientation- The broad pattern that shapes society as a whole. It is the big picture.
Micro-Level Orientations- A close-up focus on social interactions in specific situations. Observing to small parts of the picture. Such as the interactions between individuals are continually changing.
Social Conflict Paradigm- A framework for building theory that sees society as an arena for inequality that generates conflict and change. Conflict occurs within as well as between all types and sizes of groups. (Clans, tribes, families, cities, nation-states, etc.) It is a prime ingredient in politics and in social change.
Was the first black man to receive a Ph. D. from Harvard. This brought sociology into the black colleges in the U.S. and into many areas of research. He studied racial discrimination and was a founder of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. (NAACP) He was a very critical thinker.
Symbolic-Interaction Paradigm- A framework for a theory views society as the product of the interactions between people. The interactions are continually changing.
Human beings are creatures who live in a world of symbols, who attach meaning to virtually everything. “Reality” therefore, is how we define our surroundings, our obligations toward others even our identity.
Symbolic Interaction was Discussed in the Writings of…
Max Weber , who emphasized the need to understand and individual point of view.
George Herbert Mead (1863- 1931) Who studied individual personalities and the social experience.
Erving Goffman (1922- 1982) Who wrote the Dramaturgical Analysis that describes how individuals resemble actors on a stage, playing out various roles.