Auditory Impairments Sangi M. Susuico ED 443 October 14, 2008
Outline <ul><li>Definitions and the degrees of hearing loss </li></ul><ul><li>Basic Types of HI  </li></ul><ul><li>Causes ...
Definitions according to IDEA <ul><li>Hard of hearing  is “an impairment in hearing whether permanent or fluctuating, that...
Degrees of Hearing Loss <ul><li>Pre linguistic and  Post linguistic  </li></ul>
Testing Hearing Loss <ul><li>Play Audiometry  </li></ul><ul><li>Auditory Brainstem Response </li></ul><ul><li>Bone-Conduct...
Levels of Hearing Loss <ul><li>15 - 25 dB  slight hearing loss </li></ul><ul><li>25 - 40 dB  mild hearing loss </li></ul><...
4 Basic Types of HI <ul><li>Conductive </li></ul><ul><li>Sensorineural  </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed  </li></ul><ul><li>Central...
Causes of Hearing Loss <ul><li>Genetic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Secondary to other defects  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RH Fac...
<ul><li>TORCHS continued  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CH (Cytomegalovirus)  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HS (Herpes Simplex Virus)...
Characteristics  <ul><li>Cognitive Development </li></ul><ul><li>Language Development </li></ul><ul><li>Social and Persona...
A School’s Role  <ul><li>General Education Teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Audiologist </li></ul><ul><li>Family and lifespan iss...
Inclusion in context <ul><li>Preschool </li></ul><ul><li>Elementary </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary  </li></ul>
Modifications   or Accommodations <ul><li>Face students and don’t cover mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Write all assignments on b...
More accommodations <ul><li>Get child’s attention before speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Use captioned films and videos </li></...
Communication Methods <ul><li>Auditory – Oral </li></ul><ul><li>Auditory – Verbal </li></ul><ul><li>Signing Language (ASL)...
Assistive Technology  <ul><li>Altering devices/systems </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing Aids </li></ul><ul><li>Cochlear Implants ...
Video Clip: Digital Hearing Aids <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yQ17csWENEo </li></ul>
Summary <ul><li>Definitions </li></ul><ul><li>Tests </li></ul><ul><li>Different degrees and types of HI </li></ul><ul><li>...
References <ul><li>Kirk, Samuel A., et al. Educating Exceptional Children. 11 th  Ed. Houghton Mifflin. New York, 2006. </...
References continued <ul><li>Google  http://images.google.com </li></ul><ul><li>American Society for Deaf Children </li></...
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Ed 443 Auditory Impairments

  1. 1. Auditory Impairments Sangi M. Susuico ED 443 October 14, 2008
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Definitions and the degrees of hearing loss </li></ul><ul><li>Basic Types of HI </li></ul><ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Roles of schools </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptations/Assistive Technology </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definitions according to IDEA <ul><li>Hard of hearing is “an impairment in hearing whether permanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance” </li></ul><ul><li>Deafness is a HI “so severe that the child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing with or without amplification” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Degrees of Hearing Loss <ul><li>Pre linguistic and Post linguistic </li></ul>
  5. 5. Testing Hearing Loss <ul><li>Play Audiometry </li></ul><ul><li>Auditory Brainstem Response </li></ul><ul><li>Bone-Conductor Test </li></ul><ul><li>Pure-Tone Audiometry </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioral Observation Audiometry </li></ul>
  6. 6. Levels of Hearing Loss <ul><li>15 - 25 dB slight hearing loss </li></ul><ul><li>25 - 40 dB mild hearing loss </li></ul><ul><li>40 – 65 dB moderate hearing loss </li></ul><ul><li>65 – 95 dB severe hearing loss </li></ul><ul><li>> than 95 dB profound loss </li></ul>
  7. 7. 4 Basic Types of HI <ul><li>Conductive </li></ul><ul><li>Sensorineural </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed </li></ul><ul><li>Central </li></ul>
  8. 8. Causes of Hearing Loss <ul><li>Genetic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Secondary to other defects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RH Factors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Environmental </li></ul><ul><li>TORCHS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TO (Toxoplasmosis) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R (Rubella) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>TORCHS continued </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CH (Cytomegalovirus) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HS (Herpes Simplex Virus) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meningitis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asphyxia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Characteristics <ul><li>Cognitive Development </li></ul><ul><li>Language Development </li></ul><ul><li>Social and Personal Adjustment </li></ul>
  11. 11. A School’s Role <ul><li>General Education Teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Audiologist </li></ul><ul><li>Family and lifespan issues </li></ul>
  12. 12. Inclusion in context <ul><li>Preschool </li></ul><ul><li>Elementary </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary </li></ul>
  13. 13. Modifications or Accommodations <ul><li>Face students and don’t cover mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Write all assignments on board </li></ul><ul><li>Provide lecture notes </li></ul><ul><li>Have a seating arrangement </li></ul><ul><li>Use overheads, visuals, handouts </li></ul><ul><li>Have a buddy system </li></ul>
  14. 14. More accommodations <ul><li>Get child’s attention before speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Use captioned films and videos </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid seating child in traffic area </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid vibrations or excessive noise </li></ul><ul><li>Substitute audible alarms with visual </li></ul><ul><li>Obtain feedback from student </li></ul>
  15. 15. Communication Methods <ul><li>Auditory – Oral </li></ul><ul><li>Auditory – Verbal </li></ul><ul><li>Signing Language (ASL) </li></ul><ul><li>Finger Spell </li></ul>
  16. 16. Assistive Technology <ul><li>Altering devices/systems </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing Aids </li></ul><ul><li>Cochlear Implants </li></ul><ul><li>Speech Viewer III </li></ul><ul><li>Speech to print systems </li></ul><ul><li>Other </li></ul>
  17. 17. Video Clip: Digital Hearing Aids <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yQ17csWENEo </li></ul>
  18. 18. Summary <ul><li>Definitions </li></ul><ul><li>Tests </li></ul><ul><li>Different degrees and types of HI </li></ul><ul><li>Numerous Causes </li></ul><ul><li>Support </li></ul><ul><li>Assistive Technology </li></ul>
  19. 19. References <ul><li>Kirk, Samuel A., et al. Educating Exceptional Children. 11 th Ed. Houghton Mifflin. New York, 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>Mercer C.D. and Mercer A.R. Teaching Students with Learning Problems. 7 th Ed. Pearson: Merrill Prentice Hall. 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>Gould, P. & Sullivan J. The Inclusive Classroom: Easy ways to adapt learning centers for all children. Gryphon House, Inc. 1999. </li></ul>
  20. 20. References continued <ul><li>Google http://images.google.com </li></ul><ul><li>American Society for Deaf Children </li></ul><ul><li>www.deafchildren.org </li></ul><ul><li>Self Help for Hard of Hearing People </li></ul><ul><li>www.hearingloss.org </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander Bell Association for the Deaf </li></ul><ul><li>www.agbell.org </li></ul>
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