2. Martial law is the imposition of military rule
by military authorities over designated regions
on an emergency basis.
can be used by governments to enforce their
rule over the public.
has also been imposed during conflicts and in
cases of occupations, where the absence of
any other civil government provides for an
3. Proclamation of Martial Law: On September 21, 1972, President
Ferdinand E. Marcos placed the Philippines under Martial Law. The
declaration issued under Proclamation 1081 suspended the civil
rights and imposed military authority in the country. . Marcos
defended the declaration stressing the need for extra powers to
quell the rising wave of violence allegedly caused by communists.
Marcos explained citing the provisions from the Philippine
Constitution that Martial Law is a strategic approach to legally
defend the Constitution and protect the welfare of the Filipino
people from the dangerous threats posed by Muslim rebel groups
and Christian vigilantes that places national security at risk during
4. . The author of the
poem is Ruben
6. Sister Stella L is the award-winning
masterpiece by Mike de Leon.
Its about a nun, Sister Stella Legaspi (played
by Vilma Santos), who becomes involved in
labor strikes after learning about the
governments neglect of the poor and the
working class. Her sworn duty to fight for
the poor and the oppressed turns personal
when her journalist friend Nick Fajardo
(played by Jay Ilagan) is tortured and the
union leader Dencio (played by Tony Santos)
is kidnapped and killed. What follows is her
eye-opening and tear-jerking battle against
cruelty and injustice.
This film is one of the most memorable roles
for Vilma Santos.
7. It is written by: Eman Lacaba.
It is one a pungent, quite tragicomic, instructional on
the proper, painstaking way of eating the ayungin fish.
a common fare for the poor—so that the nutrients
from its eyes, bones, and meager flesh could be
optimized to stave off hunger for at least a few hours.
9. Ang tulang ito ay marahil tungkol sa isang Pilipino na
nahimok na makiisa sa paglabankontra sa mga taong
nagmamalabis sa kapangyarihang dulot ng kanilang
Ang mga Kabataang tinutukoy ay marahil ang mga
estudyanteng aktibistana humihimok sa bawat- Pilipino
na mag- aklas kontra sa maling asal ng pamahalaan.
Marahil dahil sa nadarama rin ni Juan ang mga
kahirapan sa buhay, na ipinakita sa tulasa
pamamagitan ng pagpapakitang salat siya sa mga
bagay na kinakailangan at gustoniya, ay nahimok siyang
sumama sa mga namumundok o ang mga tinatawag na
People’s Army. Ang tinutukoy na PC sa hulihan ay marahil
ang Police Chief, at sinisi paang mga kabataan sa pag-
aaklas ni Juan, o ng mga Pilipinong itinuturing
ngpamahalaan na kaaway ng lipunan
10. "Open Letters to Filipino Artists written by: Eman Lacaba.
is considered a literary benchmark in the form-&-content paradigm, a
passionate testament from a bourgeois intellectual who had, in the
oft-quoted formulation by Marx, transcended his class origins and
"raised (himself) to the level of comprehending theoretically the
historical movement as a whole", in the well-known passage found in
the first chapter ('Bourgeois and Proletarians') of The Communist
The poem begins, fittingly enough, with an epigraph quoting another
Asian poet-warrior, Ho Chi Minh