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Adjectives Adjectives Presentation Transcript

  • ADJECTIVESAn adjective is a word used todescribe a noun or pronoun a morespecific meaning.Adjectives modify nouns andpronouns by providing informationthat answers any of the followingquestions about the noun andpronoun: What kind? Which one?How many? or How much?
  • EXAMPLES:• Hot onions ( What kind of onions?)• That book ( Which book?)• Seventeen marbles ( How manymarbles?)• More exercise ( How muchexercise?)
  • These examples show the usuallocation of an adjective---precedinga noun. Sometimes, however, theadjective is located after a noun itmodifies.• Example• The bicycle looked new.
  • An adjective that modifies apronoun usually follows thepronoun, but, on occasion, it canprecede the pronoun.• After : We were sweaty after ourworkout.• Before: Sweaty after workout, wetook quick showers.
  • Articles• The three most commonadjectives are the articles. A andan are the indefinite articles;they refer to any one of a class ofnouns. The, the definite article,refers to a specific nouns.• INDEFINITE: a contest, anopportunity• DEFINITE: the winner
  • Nouns used as adjectives• Occasionally, words that areusually nouns will function asadjectives. A noun used as anadjective will modify another nounand answer the question Whatkind? or the question Which one?
  • examples• Nouns used as adjectives• Potato potato soup• Party party hat
  • Proper adjectives• Adjectives can be proper likenouns. Proper adjectives areproper nouns used as anadjectives or adjectives formedfrom proper nouns. They modifyother nouns and usually beginwith a capital letter.
  • examples• proper nouns used as adjectives• Roosevelt the Roosevelt era• Maine a Maine lobster• Victoria Victorian literature• Spanish Spanish castle
  • Compound adjective• Compound adjectives are made upof more than one word. Mostcompound adjectives arehyphenated, compound,separated.
  • HYPHENATED:• Long-term commitment• Crescent-shaped moon
  • COMBINED:• Coldblooded animals• Lifelong friendship
  • Separated:• South American birds
  • Pronouns used as adjectives• Possessive pronoun.• My, your, his, her, its, our, their• Possessive adjective• The man shaved off his beard.
  • Demonstrative adjectives• That, this, these, thoseDemonstrative adjectives• That test took me two hours.• Those roses wilted in the sun.
  • Interrogative adjectives• Which, what, whose• Which job will you take?• Whose money is on the table?
  • Indefinite Adjectives• Used with singular nouns:Another, each, either, little, much,neither, one.Give me another chance.
  • Indefinite pronoun• Used with plural nouns:Both, few, many, severalFew people attended the concert.
  • Indefinite pronouns• Used with singular or plural nouns:• All, any, more, most, other, some.• Give me some water, please.• I received some gifts.
  • Verbs used as adjectives• Verbs used as adjectives usuallyend in ing or edExamples:• The rippling water felt refreshingto them.• The washed clothes were neatlyfolded.