ADJECTIVESAn adjective is a word used todescribe a noun or pronoun a morespecific meaning.Adjectives modify nouns andpronouns by providing informationthat answers any of the followingquestions about the noun andpronoun: What kind? Which one?How many? or How much?
EXAMPLES:• Hot onions ( What kind of onions?)• That book ( Which book?)• Seventeen marbles ( How manymarbles?)• More exercise ( How muchexercise?)
These examples show the usuallocation of an adjective---precedinga noun. Sometimes, however, theadjective is located after a noun itmodifies.• Example• The bicycle looked new.
An adjective that modifies apronoun usually follows thepronoun, but, on occasion, it canprecede the pronoun.• After : We were sweaty after ourworkout.• Before: Sweaty after workout, wetook quick showers.
Articles• The three most commonadjectives are the articles. A andan are the indefinite articles;they refer to any one of a class ofnouns. The, the definite article,refers to a specific nouns.• INDEFINITE: a contest, anopportunity• DEFINITE: the winner
Nouns used as adjectives• Occasionally, words that areusually nouns will function asadjectives. A noun used as anadjective will modify another nounand answer the question Whatkind? or the question Which one?
examples• Nouns used as adjectives• Potato potato soup• Party party hat
Proper adjectives• Adjectives can be proper likenouns. Proper adjectives areproper nouns used as anadjectives or adjectives formedfrom proper nouns. They modifyother nouns and usually beginwith a capital letter.
examples• proper nouns used as adjectives• Roosevelt the Roosevelt era• Maine a Maine lobster• Victoria Victorian literature• Spanish Spanish castle
Compound adjective• Compound adjectives are made upof more than one word. Mostcompound adjectives arehyphenated, compound,separated.