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  1. 1. ASSIGNMENT 7: NARRATIVE& FILM THEORY ResearchAssignment: Sanel Homer
  2. 2.  Narrative- is kind of retelling the story of something that happened but not the story of itself but the telling of the story.
  3. 3.  Closed Narrative:1. The viewers are aware that they are watching a whole story2. There are small number of dominant character3. The characters are place in the hierarchy of importance4. Audience are invited to make judgments on the characters5. Time is beaten and not with the actual time6. In a specific story times and events are special and not related to the outside world7. Audience regularly has evidence about the characters but from only one single text
  4. 4.  Open Narrative:1. There are more then one story lines2. There are many more characters- characters move in and out of fame and narrative meaning3. Time is more in order and more with the world time4. The modern and postmodern text are often linked between dissimilar piece of the narrative required and work on the parts of the viewers so they can understand the concept.
  5. 5. The narrative demonstrates one of the character as anold women who then spreads her story of the deep-sea linear
  6. 6. • He was a was a French philosopher• He was a Bulgarian literary theorist• He came up with the idea of equilibrium• Claimed all stories had a basic structure based on equilibrium
  7. 7. Equilibrium: It is when there is an equal balance between any powers, influences and the equality of effect.Disequilibrium : It is a state in which things are not stable or certain, but are likely to change sudden or be disrupted.New Equilibrium: A restoration of balance and is found at the end of thenarrative.
  8. 8.  Todorov suggest that narrative are organised in 5 stages:1. A state of equilibrium (state of normality- good, bad or neutral)2. A disruption of the equilibrium (a character or an action)3. The main Protagonist know that the equilibrium has been disrupted4. Character tries to correct this in order to restore equilibrium5. Equilibrium is given back but, because casual change have happened, there are differences (good, bad or neutral) from original equilibrium, which establish it as a new equilibrium.
  9. 9. Applying Tordorov’s TheoryEquilibrium Disruption Resolution Stage 1: One of the protagonist character Equilibrium is a lonely wedding planners who’s looking for ‘Mr Right’ Stage 2: Disruption Stage 3: Resolution The journalist and the girl Falls in love and screws the article About the women
  10. 10. Applying Tordorov’s Theory Stage 1: One of the main characters Equilibrium are suppose to be getting married, two days before a ‘stag do’ him and his friend decided to go to Las Vegas. Stage 2: Disruption The wake up one morning not knowing what happen the night Stage 3: Resolution before because they were drugged. The groom was missing so they all went out o They find their friend search for him. and returned home in time for the wedding.
  11. 11. • He was a social Anthropologist• He studied myths of tribal cultures• Studied how stories automatically reflect the values, belief and myth of the culture.• He states that in any narrative there is a constant creation of conflict/opposition that pushes the narrative forwards Key Terms Binary opposition: is an opposite of two extremes.
  12. 12. Claude Levi-Strauss approach to Narrative• Levi-Strauss saw that we make sense of the world, people and events by seeing and using binary opposition everywhere. He observed that all narratives are organised around the conflict between such binary opposites. Examples of Binary Opposites • Good Vs. Bad • Protagonist vs. antagonist • Black vs. White • Actions vs. inaction • Peace vs. War • Motivator Vs. Observer • Young vs. Old • East vs. West
  13. 13. Example OF Binary Opposites Film • Peace vs. War • Good Vs. Bad
  14. 14. • He was a Russian critic and literary theorist• He analysed over 100 Russian fairy-tale in the 1920’s• He says that it is likely to classify the characters and their actions into clearly defined roles and function• He states that all fairy tales have common narrative structures and character functions.
  15. 15.  He developed a character theory for studying media texts. There were 8 broads character types in the 100 tale he analysed:1. The Villain (opposes the hero)2. The Dispatcher (who sends the hero on its way)3. The Helper (who aids the hero)4. The Princess Or Prize (the reward for the hero)5. Her Father (who rewards the hero)6. The Donor (offers an object with magical stuff)7. The Hero (seeks something)8. False Hero (falsely assuming the role of hero)
  16. 16. 1. The Villain Darth Vader 2. False Hero 3. The Donor Obi Wan 4. The Helper 5. The Dispatcher 6. The Princess Or Prize Leia 7. Her Father Leia’s Father 8. The Hero Luke Skywalker1. The Villain Agents2. False Hero Cypher3. The Donor Morpheus4. The Dispatcher Trinity5. The Helper6. The Princess Or Prize7. The Hero Neo