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Social institution Social institution Presentation Transcript

  • What is Social Institution?  Is a social structures and social mechanisms of social order and cooperation that govern the behavior of its members.  Is a group of social positions, connected by social relations, performing a social role.  Any institution in a society that works to socialize the group of people in it.
  • Characteristics of an Institution Palispis (1996)  Institutions are purposive.  Relatively permanent in content.  Institutions are structured.  Institutions are a unified structure.  Institutions are necessarily value-laden.
  • Functions of an Institutions 1. Institutions simplify social behavior for the individual person. 2. Provide ready-made forms of social relations and social roles for individual. 3. Act as agencies of coordination and stability for the total culture. 4. Control behavior.
  • Major Social Institutions The Family Education Religion Economic Institutions Government as a Social Institution
  • The Family
  • The Family  The smallest social institution with the unique function or producing and rearing the young.  It is the basic unit of Philippine society and the educational system where the child begins to learn his ABC.  The basic agent of socialization because it is here where the individual develops values, behaviors, and ways of life through interaction with members of the family (Vega, 2004).
  • Characteristic of the Filipino Family  The family is closely knit and has strong family ties.  The Filipino family is usually extended one and therefore, big.  In the Filipino family, kinship ties are extended to include the “compadre” or sponsors.
  • Functions of the Family 1. Reproduction of the race and rearing of the young. 2. Cultural transmission or enculturation. 3. Socialization of the child. 4. Providing affection and a sense of security. 5. Providing the environment for personality development and the growth of self-concept in relation to others. 6. Providing social status.
  • Kinds of Family
  • …according to STRUCTURE a.Conjugal or Nuclear Family -the primary or elementary family consisting of husband, wife and children. b. Consanguine or Extended Family -consist of married couple, their parents, siblings, grandparents, uncles, aunt s, and cousins.
  • …according to term of MARRIAGE a. Polyandry -one woman is married to two or more men at the same time. b.Polygamy -one man is married to two or more women at the same time. c. Cenogamy - two or more men mate with two or more women in group marriage.
  • …according to DESCENT a. Patrilocal -when the newly married couple lives with the parents of the husband. b. Matrilocal - when the newly married couple lives with the parents of the wife. c. Neolocal - when the newly married pair maintains a separate household and live by themselves.
  • …according to AUTHORITY a. Partriarchal - when the father is considered the head and plays a dominant role. b. Matriarchal - when the mother or female is the head and makes the major decisions. c. Equalitarian - when both father and mother share in making decisions and are equal in authority.
  • EDUCATION
  • Education… a form of learning in which the knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training, or research. 
  • What are the functions of Schools? Mcnergney & Herbert(2001) -described the school as first and foremost a social institution, that is , an established organization having an identifiable structure and a set of functions meant to preserve and extend social order. School is the place for the contemplation of reality, and our task as a teacher , in simplest terms, is to show this reality to our students, who are naturally eager about them.
  • Intellectual Purposes… …to teach basic cognitive skills such as reading, writing, and mathematics; to transmit specific knowledge. Political Purposes… …to inculcate allegiance to the existing political order(patriotism). …to prepare citizens who will participate in the political order. …to assimilate diverse cultural groups into political order. …and to teach children the basic laws of
  • Social Purpose… …to socialize children into the various roles, behavior, and values of society. Economic Purpose… …to prepare students for their later occupational roles, and to select, train, and allocate individuals into the division of labor.
  • Multiple Functions of Schools Technical- Economic  Human/ Social  Political  Cultural  Education 
  • Manifest Functions of Schools Social Control  Socialization Placement  Transmitting Culture  Promoting Social & Political Integration  Agent of Change 
  • Latent Functions of Schools Restricting some activities.  Matchmaking and production of social networks.  Creation of generation gap. 
  • Functions of School Calderon(1998)  Conservation Function  Instructional Function  Research Function Social Service Function
  • RELIGION
  • What is RELIGION? is a system of beliefs and rituals that serves to bind people together through shared worship, thereby creating a social group.  set of beliefs and practices that pertain to a sacred or supernatural realm that guides human behavior and gives meaning to life among a community of believers. 
  • Characteristics of Religion Belief in a deity.  A doctrine of salvation.  A code of conduct.  Religious rituals. 
  • Functions of Religion Calderon(1998) 1. Serves as a means of social control. 2. Exerts a great influence upon personality development. 3. Allays fear of unknown. 4. Explains events or situations which are beyond comprehension of man. 5. Gives man comfort, strength and hope in times of crisis and despair.
  • 6. It preserves and transmit knowledge, skills, spiritual, and cultural values and practices. 7. It serves as an instrument of change. 8. Promotes closeness, love, cooperation, friendline ss and helpfulness. 9. Alleviates sufferings from major calamities. 10. It provides hope for a blissful life
  • Three Elements of Religion Sacred and profane.  Legitimation of norms.  Rituals.  Religious community. 
  • Economic Institutions
  • Microeconomics Concerned with the specific economic units of parts that makes an economic system and the relationship between those parts.  Emphasis is placed on understanding the behavior of individual firms, industries, households, and ways in which such entities interact. (Spencer, 1980; Javier,2002) 
  • Macroeconomics  Concerned with the economy as a whole, or large segments of it.  It focuses on such problems as the role of unemployment, the changing level of prices, the nation’s total output of goods and services, and the ways in which government raises and spends money.
  • GOVERNMENT as a SOCIAL INSTITUTION
  • Government… Is the institution which solves conflicts that are public in nature and involve more than a few people.  The SC defines government as the institution by which an independent society makes and carries out those rules of action which are necessary to enable men to live in a social state, or which are imposed upon the people for that society by those who possess the power or authority of prescribing them. 
  • Three Branches of Government Executive Legislative Judicial
  • Thanks for watching ! Sandy Mangao Viceno BSED 3-A Occidental Mindoro State College