Songwriting
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Songwriting

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slides used in my music business class based on Baskerville's book

slides used in my music business class based on Baskerville's book

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Songwriting Songwriting Presentation Transcript

  • Professional Songwriting  Serious?  Study Great Songs of All Styles  General Characteristics: • Memorable? A Hook? • Immediate Appeal • Vivid Phrases/Imagery • Beginning, Middle, & End
  • Song Success  IF!  A Good Performance  Label Promotes Strongly  Suits Current Tastes  Effective Distribution
  • Collaboration  Know Your Strengths  Agreement in Writing • What is the Split? • Who Can Make Changes or Mutually Agreed Upon? • Can Contribution be Withdrawn? • How Does Relationship Terminate?
  • Work Ethic  Tin Pan Alley -was a job  Brill Building Pop - a bit more freedom  Home Studio - discipline, writing schedule, network, promote songs
  • Revenue Streams  Mechanicals Royalties- $.091 x 1,000,000 = $91,000 (per song) 50/50 split w/publisher= $45,500 each Controlled Composition Clause 75% 75% x .091 x 1,000,000 = $62550 50/50 split = $34,125 ($11,375 difference)
  • Revenue Streams  Performance Royalties collected by ASCAP, BMI, SESAC, not the publisher  General Split is 50/50 between publisher and writer(s)
  • Revenue Streams  Film/TV/Cable – Synchronization License  Commercials – Special Use License  Sheet Music – % per copy
  • Types of Publishing Deals  Sign with Established Publisher - single song or exclusive services  Negotiate with Publisher “co-publishing or split the publishing”  Self-Owned Publishing Co  Manager operated Publishing  Set Up Corporation W/Others  Staff Writer
  • Staff Writer  Writer receives recoupable monthly income (draw) as an advance against future royalties  Usually pay ½ of Demo costs  1-3 yrs initial term, with options  Work Made For Hire deals more common in film industry, keep the performance royalties
  • Label Deals  Singer/Songwriter with Label deal is good for Publishers  Pressure to Assign some Rights to Label Publishing Co  “Controlled Composition” Clause (75%)  Avoid Cross-Collateralization
  • Evaluating Publisher  Reputation for Integrity  Stable Leadership  Who Cares About You (Key Man Clause)  Long Term Track Record  Making Money?  Song Promoter Contacts  Understands Print Business  Foreign License Experience
  • taxi.com an A&R Service  www.taxi.com  Song Writer Resource/Service
  • Song Writers Guild  www.songwritersguild.com  Standard Contract  Collect Royalties (5.75% w/$1750 cap)  Reviews Publishing Contracts  Audits Publishers  Administers Catalogs
  • SGA  Collaboration Services  Estate Administration  Evaluation of Catalogs  Workshops for Writers  Lobbies Congress
  • Demos  Home Studios, Learn to Use Them  Not More Than 3-5 Best Songs  Vocals Clearly Heard in Mix  Hire a Singer If Your Skill Lacks  Min. Guitar/Piano; Max. Rhythm Section 1-2 others.
  • Demos  Some Can Hear Potential, Others Need Song Arranged In Target Style  Demo Recording: name, address, phone, email on EVERY piece;copyright notice; lyric sheet; cover letter
  • Promotion by Mail  No one opens unsolicited recordings  Names of Publishers in your style from Billboard International Buyers Guide  Get Phone & Address  Call for name of professional manager, be polite to secretary  Write letter for permission to submit (p45), include self-addressed, postage paid answer card
  • Direct Contact  Visit New York, LA, or Nashville.  Write letter to publishers requesting an appointment. Drop name of any referral  Call to schedule appointment  Write thank you note after appointment
  • Writers Workshops  Songwriters Guild  ASCAP, BM,I SESAC provide events.