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MUS 330 British Invasion
 

MUS 330 British Invasion

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    MUS 330 British Invasion MUS 330 British Invasion Presentation Transcript

    • British Invasion
      • Beginning in 1964, British Bands made a Big Impact on the American Culture
      • 27 of the Top 100 were British Bands
      • Two Types: Clean Cut/Vocal Harmony Bands; Scruffy Bluesy Bands
    • British Invasion
      • English Musicians Heavily Influenced by Traditional Jazz
      • “ Skiffle ” American Folk Music (usually African-American) Played on Acoustic Instruments (Guitar, Banjo, Tea Chest Bass)
    • Wash Tub (Tea) Bass
    • British
      • Lonnie Donegan “King of Skiffle”
      • “ Rock Island Line” (1956) a Leadbelly Song
      • “ Does Your Chewing Gum . . . “ (1961)
      • He Influenced English Boys to Form Bands, Including the Beatles
    • British
      • Trad Jazz Briefly Hit American Charts
      • “ Midnight in Moscow” (1962)
      • Lonnie Donegan Played Bass in a Trad Jazz Band, Entertained with Skiffle During Intermissions
    • British
      • Most British Popular Music was Pale Imitation of American Pop
      • “He’s Got the Whole World” (1956)
      • “Halfway to Paradise” Billy Fury
      • “Well I Ask You” Eden Kane
      • “Only 16” Craig Douglas
      • “Living Doll” Cliff Richard
    • British: Blues
      • Younger Members of Trad Jazz Bands took an Interest in Blues
      • “ Cyril Davies All Stars” and Alexis Korner’s “Blues Incorporated”
      • Most of the Next Generation, Including the Rolling Stones were Members.
    • The Beatles
      • John Lennon
      • Paul McCartney
      • George Harrison
      • Ringo Starr (Original Drummer: Peter Best)
      • Stu Sutcliffe (original Bass)
    • British: Beatles
      • Why Were They So Successful?
      • The Right Moment in History?
      • Kennedy
      • Civil Rights
      • original stars gone
      • Viet Nam
    • Beatles
      • Clever Marketing by Manager?
      • Turned Down By Most Labels
      • Exi Movement: Haircut & Leather
      • German Identity
      • American DJ
      • American Merchandise
    • Beatles
      • Was it their Physical Appearance?
      • Matching Collar-less Suits
      • “French” Hair cuts
    • Beatles
      • Was It Their Charming Personalities?
      • Witty Answers Did Charm American Journalists
      • American Rock Stars Seemed Dull
    • Beatles
      • Was It Their Musical & Songwriting Talent?
      • They Reshaped American Music
      • Avoided 12 Bar Blues and I-vi-IV-V-I Patterns
      • Developed unique record production skills
    • Beatles
      • Was It Their Conceptual Abilities?
      • Brought “Fringe” Ideas to the Forefront (Peace & Love, Anti-War Politics)
      • Movies (“Hard Day’s Night” & “Help”) were Not typical Rock Movies
    • Beatle Phases
      • 1957-62: Skiffle Through Record Contract
      • 1963-65: Initial Success, Love Songs
      • 1965-68: Experimental years (Song Forms, Studio Techniques, Drugs)
      • 1968-70: Final Years Through the Breakup
    • Early Beatles: Quarrymen
    • Early Beatles
      • John forms the Quarrymen
      • Meets Paul in 1957
      • Paul Introduces George 1957
      • Go Through Several Names: “Johnny and the Moondogs” “Long John and the Silver Beetles”
    • Early Beatles
      • Add Stuart Sutcliffe 1959, Fellow Art Student
      • 1960 1st Manager Alan Williams books them in Hamburg, They Add Drummer Pete Best
    • Early Beatles
    • Early Beatles
      • In Hamburg They Change Their Look: Black leather, then “French” Hair Cuts
      • Learn to Play
      • “ Taste of Honey” Be Bop A Lula” “Besame Mucho”
      • 1st Pro Recording (Beat Brothers)w/Tony Sheridan
      • “ My Bonnie” (Sheridan)& “Aint She Sweet”
    • Early Beatles
    • Beatles
      • 1961 Back in England At the Cavern Club They Begin to Attract Attention
    • Beatles
    • Early Beatles
      • NEMS Record Store Owner, Brian Epstein Sees Beatles and Asks to Manage Them
      • He Dresses Them in Matching Costumes, Forces them to Tighten Up Their Act
    • Beatles
    • Early Beatles
      • Turned Down By All The Major Labels
      • 1962 Signed By Parlophone, George Martin
      • 1962 “Love Me Do” and “Please, Please Me) Become Hits in England
    • Beatles
    • Beatles Phase Two: Stars
      • Beatles are released on Three Different Labels, None Capitol None Chart
      • Capitol Finally Releases “I Want to Hold Your Hand
      • Beatlemania Hits America
    • Beatles
      • Ist Album
      • On Vee-Jay
    • Beatles
      • 1st on Capitol Label
    • Beatles
      • Three Appearances on the Ed Sullivan Show, Carnegie Hall, & Stadiums
      • April 1964 #1-#5 on Charts, All Different Labels
    • Beatles
      • 1st Album Breaks the Mold, Many Hits Rather than One
      • I Saw Her Standing There
      • This Boy
      • It Won’t Be Long
      • All My Lovin’
    • Beatles on Sullivan
    • Beatles at Atlanta
    • Beatles
      • 2nd Album American Standards
      • Chuck Berry
      • Little Richard
      • Motown
    • Beatles: Phase Three
      • Experimentation, Studio/Drugs, Begins with “Rubber Soul”
      • Lyrics Influenced by Dylan
      • Sitar on “Norwegian Wood”
      • French & Mandolin on “Michelle”
      • Fuzz Bass “Think For Yourself”
      • Baroque Keyboard solo “In My Life”
    • Beatles: Phase Three
      • Experiment cont. “Revolver”
      • Tax Protest Song, Distorted Guitar Using Indian Scales
      • String Group on “Eleanor Rigby”
      • Sitar & Table “Love To You”
      • Beautiful Harmony “Here There . . . “
      • Backwards Sounds “Tomorrow Never K .. “
    • Beatles Phase Three
      • Strawberry Fields: two studio recordings put together. Paul is Dead Clue “I Buried Paul”
      • “ Turn Me On Deadman”
      • “ Stairway to Heaven”
      • http://jeffmilner.com/backmasking.htm
    • Beatles: Sgt Pepper
    • Beatles: Sgt. Pepper
      • 1967 Revolutionized the Record Album
      • Concept Album, A Song Cycle, Beatles Recorded as if they Were Some Other Band
      • One Song Segues into Another
    • Beatles Phase Four: Final years
      • The Breakup: Manager Dies 1967, Creative Differences, Yoko Ono, Lee Eastman/Alan Klein
      • White Album Interpreted as a Goodbye and A Tribute to All the Styles of American Music
    • White Album
      • Back In The USSR
      • (Chuck Berry/Beach Boys)
      • Happiness Is A Warm Gun (doo wop)
      • Goodnight (popcrooner)
      • Rocky Racoon (Dylan talking blues-style)
      • Don’t Pass Me By (old time country)
    • White Album
      • Honey Pie (Music Hall)
      • Helter Skelter, Manson’s call to action
      • Little Piggies, Manson liked this also
      • Revolution Number Nine (tape collage)
      • I Buried Paul, Deadman, backward masking
    • Beatles
      • Last Released “Let It Be” Mixed by Phil Spector
      • Last Recorded “Abbey Road”
      • Last Appearance Together May 1970
    • Beatles
      • Solo Projects
      • John recorded avant-garde albums with Yoko
      • Assassinated 1980
      • “ Double Fantasy” Grammy Album of the Year 1981
    • Beatles
      • Paul records with Linda, several #1 records “My Love” (1973) “Band on the Run” (1974) “Silly Love Songs” (1976) “Ebony & Ivory” (1982) with Michael Jackson
    • Beatles
      • George “My Sweet Lord” (1970) copyright infringement with “He’s So Fine” UNICEF “Concert For Bangladesh” Member of the Traveling Wilburys (Bob Dylan, Tom Petty, Jeff Lynne, Roy Orbison)
      • Ringo had a few hits in early 1970s
    • Beatles Imitators
      • Monkees - Put together by Don Kirshner. 1st hit “Last Train to Clarksville” released before TV Show (1966-68). Featured Beatles-like music videos
    • British Invasion Pop Groups
      • Gerry and the Pacemakers & Herman’s Hermits, Peter and Gordon- Clean cut with nice vocal harmonies.
    • British Blues Groups
      • Groups developed out of the blues into metal & Progressive.
      • Yardbirds featured three famous guitarists: Eric Clapton, Jeff Beck, & Jimmy Page. Featured long improvisations (Rave Ups)
      • Led Zeppelin formed to cover Yardbirds’ gigs after breakup.
    • British Blues Groups
      • Cream - Clapton joins with Ginger Baker & Jack Bruce to form “power trio”
      • “ Sunshine of Your Love” (1968) early metal, uses slower tempos, more active drumming
    • Mods & Rockers
      • Two youth movements
      • Rockers - Elvis (Teddy Boy) hair, black leather, tough image
      • Mods (Moderns) - Continental appearance, short hair, colorful clothing, rode motor scooters, female elfin-like (Twiggy)
      • Carnaby Street Fashions
    • Rolling Stones
    • Rolling Stones
      • Second Generation Blues Band developed out of Alexis Korner
      • 1st Performance at Marquee Club for Korner’s Band
      • Positioned Opposite From the Beatles - tough & scrufty
      • Named For Muddy Waters Song
      • Reverence for Chicago Blues
    • Stones
      • Album “Satanic Majesties Request” an answer to Sgt Pepper’s
      • “Sympathy For The Devil” causes problems when performed
      • Altamont Raceway Concert 1969, Hell’s Angels as Police Force Kill Meredith Hunter