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British Invasion <ul><li>Beginning in 1964, British Bands made a Big Impact on the American Culture </li></ul><ul><li>27 o...
British Invasion <ul><li>English Musicians Heavily Influenced by Traditional Jazz </li></ul><ul><li>“ Skiffle ” American F...
Wash Tub (Tea) Bass
British <ul><li>Lonnie Donegan “King of Skiffle” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Rock Island Line” (1956) a Leadbelly Song </li></ul><...
British <ul><li>Trad Jazz Briefly Hit American Charts </li></ul><ul><li>“ Midnight in Moscow” (1962) </li></ul><ul><li>Lon...
British <ul><li>Most British Popular Music was Pale Imitation of American Pop </li></ul><ul><li>“He’s Got the Whole World”...
British: Blues <ul><li>Younger Members of Trad Jazz Bands took an Interest in Blues </li></ul><ul><li>“ Cyril Davies All S...
The Beatles <ul><li>John Lennon </li></ul><ul><li>Paul McCartney </li></ul><ul><li>George Harrison </li></ul><ul><li>Ringo...
British: Beatles <ul><li>Why Were They So Successful? </li></ul><ul><li>The Right Moment in History?  </li></ul><ul><li>Ke...
Beatles <ul><li>Clever Marketing by Manager? </li></ul><ul><li>Turned Down By Most Labels </li></ul><ul><li>Exi Movement: ...
Beatles <ul><li>Was it their Physical Appearance? </li></ul><ul><li>Matching Collar-less Suits </li></ul><ul><li>“French” ...
Beatles <ul><li>Was It Their Charming Personalities? </li></ul><ul><li>Witty Answers Did Charm American Journalists </li><...
Beatles <ul><li>Was It Their Musical & Songwriting Talent? </li></ul><ul><li>They Reshaped American Music </li></ul><ul><l...
Beatles <ul><li>Was It Their Conceptual Abilities? </li></ul><ul><li>Brought “Fringe” Ideas to the Forefront (Peace & Love...
Beatle Phases <ul><li>1957-62: Skiffle Through Record Contract </li></ul><ul><li>1963-65: Initial Success, Love Songs </li...
Early Beatles: Quarrymen
Early Beatles <ul><li>John forms the Quarrymen </li></ul><ul><li>Meets Paul in 1957 </li></ul><ul><li>Paul Introduces Geor...
Early Beatles <ul><li>Add Stuart Sutcliffe 1959, Fellow Art Student </li></ul><ul><li>1960 1st Manager Alan Williams books...
Early Beatles
Early Beatles <ul><li>In Hamburg They Change Their Look: Black leather, then “French” Hair Cuts </li></ul><ul><li>Learn to...
Early Beatles
Beatles <ul><li>1961 Back in England At the Cavern Club They Begin to Attract Attention </li></ul>
Beatles
Early Beatles <ul><li>NEMS Record Store Owner, Brian Epstein Sees Beatles and Asks to Manage Them </li></ul><ul><li>He Dre...
Beatles
Early Beatles <ul><li>Turned Down By All The Major Labels </li></ul><ul><li>1962 Signed By Parlophone, George Martin </li>...
Beatles
Beatles Phase Two: Stars <ul><li>Beatles are released on Three Different Labels, None Capitol None Chart </li></ul><ul><li...
Beatles <ul><li>Ist Album </li></ul><ul><li>On Vee-Jay </li></ul>
Beatles <ul><li>1st on Capitol Label </li></ul>
Beatles <ul><li>Three Appearances on the Ed Sullivan Show, Carnegie Hall, & Stadiums </li></ul><ul><li>April 1964 #1-#5 on...
Beatles <ul><li>1st Album Breaks the Mold, Many Hits Rather than One </li></ul><ul><li>I Saw Her Standing There </li></ul>...
Beatles on Sullivan
Beatles at Atlanta
Beatles <ul><li>2nd Album American Standards  </li></ul><ul><li>Chuck Berry </li></ul><ul><li>Little Richard </li></ul><ul...
Beatles: Phase Three <ul><li>Experimentation, Studio/Drugs, Begins with “Rubber Soul” </li></ul><ul><li>Lyrics Influenced ...
Beatles: Phase Three <ul><li>Experiment cont. “Revolver” </li></ul><ul><li>Tax Protest Song, Distorted Guitar Using    Ind...
Beatles Phase Three <ul><li>Strawberry Fields: two studio recordings put together. Paul is Dead Clue “I Buried Paul” </li>...
Beatles: Sgt Pepper
Beatles: Sgt. Pepper <ul><li>1967 Revolutionized the Record Album </li></ul><ul><li>Concept Album, A Song Cycle, Beatles R...
Beatles Phase Four: Final years <ul><li>The Breakup: Manager Dies 1967, Creative Differences, Yoko Ono, Lee Eastman/Alan K...
White Album <ul><li>Back In The USSR  </li></ul><ul><li>(Chuck Berry/Beach Boys) </li></ul><ul><li>Happiness Is A Warm Gun...
White Album <ul><li>Honey Pie (Music Hall) </li></ul><ul><li>Helter Skelter, Manson’s call to action </li></ul><ul><li>Lit...
Beatles <ul><li>Last Released “Let It Be” Mixed by Phil Spector </li></ul><ul><li>Last Recorded “Abbey Road” </li></ul><ul...
Beatles <ul><li>Solo Projects </li></ul><ul><li>John recorded avant-garde albums with Yoko </li></ul><ul><li>Assassinated ...
Beatles <ul><li>Paul records with Linda, several #1 records “My Love” (1973) “Band on the Run” (1974) “Silly Love Songs”  ...
Beatles <ul><li>George “My Sweet Lord” (1970) copyright infringement with “He’s So Fine” UNICEF “Concert For Bangladesh” M...
Beatles Imitators <ul><li>Monkees - Put together by Don Kirshner. 1st hit “Last Train to Clarksville” released before TV S...
British Invasion Pop Groups <ul><li>Gerry and the Pacemakers & Herman’s Hermits, Peter and Gordon- Clean cut with nice voc...
British Blues Groups <ul><li>Groups developed out of the blues into metal & Progressive. </li></ul><ul><li>Yardbirds featu...
British Blues Groups <ul><li>Cream - Clapton joins with Ginger Baker & Jack Bruce to form “power trio” </li></ul><ul><li>“...
Mods & Rockers <ul><li>Two youth movements </li></ul><ul><li>Rockers - Elvis (Teddy Boy)  hair, black leather, tough image...
Rolling Stones
Rolling Stones <ul><li>Second Generation Blues Band developed out of Alexis Korner </li></ul><ul><li>1st Performance at Ma...
Stones <ul><li>Album “Satanic Majesties Request” an answer to Sgt Pepper’s </li></ul><ul><li>“Sympathy For The Devil” caus...
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MUS 330 British Invasion

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Transcript of "MUS 330 British Invasion"

  1. 1. British Invasion <ul><li>Beginning in 1964, British Bands made a Big Impact on the American Culture </li></ul><ul><li>27 of the Top 100 were British Bands </li></ul><ul><li>Two Types: Clean Cut/Vocal Harmony Bands; Scruffy Bluesy Bands </li></ul>
  2. 2. British Invasion <ul><li>English Musicians Heavily Influenced by Traditional Jazz </li></ul><ul><li>“ Skiffle ” American Folk Music (usually African-American) Played on Acoustic Instruments (Guitar, Banjo, Tea Chest Bass) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Wash Tub (Tea) Bass
  4. 4. British <ul><li>Lonnie Donegan “King of Skiffle” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Rock Island Line” (1956) a Leadbelly Song </li></ul><ul><li>“ Does Your Chewing Gum . . . “ (1961) </li></ul><ul><li>He Influenced English Boys to Form Bands, Including the Beatles </li></ul>
  5. 5. British <ul><li>Trad Jazz Briefly Hit American Charts </li></ul><ul><li>“ Midnight in Moscow” (1962) </li></ul><ul><li>Lonnie Donegan Played Bass in a Trad Jazz Band, Entertained with Skiffle During Intermissions </li></ul>
  6. 6. British <ul><li>Most British Popular Music was Pale Imitation of American Pop </li></ul><ul><li>“He’s Got the Whole World” (1956) </li></ul><ul><li>“Halfway to Paradise” Billy Fury </li></ul><ul><li>“Well I Ask You” Eden Kane </li></ul><ul><li>“Only 16” Craig Douglas </li></ul><ul><li>“Living Doll” Cliff Richard </li></ul>
  7. 7. British: Blues <ul><li>Younger Members of Trad Jazz Bands took an Interest in Blues </li></ul><ul><li>“ Cyril Davies All Stars” and Alexis Korner’s “Blues Incorporated” </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the Next Generation, Including the Rolling Stones were Members. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Beatles <ul><li>John Lennon </li></ul><ul><li>Paul McCartney </li></ul><ul><li>George Harrison </li></ul><ul><li>Ringo Starr (Original Drummer: Peter Best) </li></ul><ul><li>Stu Sutcliffe (original Bass) </li></ul>
  9. 9. British: Beatles <ul><li>Why Were They So Successful? </li></ul><ul><li>The Right Moment in History? </li></ul><ul><li>Kennedy </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Rights </li></ul><ul><li>original stars gone </li></ul><ul><li>Viet Nam </li></ul>
  10. 10. Beatles <ul><li>Clever Marketing by Manager? </li></ul><ul><li>Turned Down By Most Labels </li></ul><ul><li>Exi Movement: Haircut & Leather </li></ul><ul><li>German Identity </li></ul><ul><li>American DJ </li></ul><ul><li>American Merchandise </li></ul>
  11. 11. Beatles <ul><li>Was it their Physical Appearance? </li></ul><ul><li>Matching Collar-less Suits </li></ul><ul><li>“French” Hair cuts </li></ul>
  12. 12. Beatles <ul><li>Was It Their Charming Personalities? </li></ul><ul><li>Witty Answers Did Charm American Journalists </li></ul><ul><li>American Rock Stars Seemed Dull </li></ul>
  13. 13. Beatles <ul><li>Was It Their Musical & Songwriting Talent? </li></ul><ul><li>They Reshaped American Music </li></ul><ul><li>Avoided 12 Bar Blues and I-vi-IV-V-I Patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Developed unique record production skills </li></ul>
  14. 14. Beatles <ul><li>Was It Their Conceptual Abilities? </li></ul><ul><li>Brought “Fringe” Ideas to the Forefront (Peace & Love, Anti-War Politics) </li></ul><ul><li>Movies (“Hard Day’s Night” & “Help”) were Not typical Rock Movies </li></ul>
  15. 15. Beatle Phases <ul><li>1957-62: Skiffle Through Record Contract </li></ul><ul><li>1963-65: Initial Success, Love Songs </li></ul><ul><li>1965-68: Experimental years (Song Forms, Studio Techniques, Drugs) </li></ul><ul><li>1968-70: Final Years Through the Breakup </li></ul>
  16. 16. Early Beatles: Quarrymen
  17. 17. Early Beatles <ul><li>John forms the Quarrymen </li></ul><ul><li>Meets Paul in 1957 </li></ul><ul><li>Paul Introduces George 1957 </li></ul><ul><li>Go Through Several Names: “Johnny and the Moondogs” “Long John and the Silver Beetles” </li></ul>
  18. 18. Early Beatles <ul><li>Add Stuart Sutcliffe 1959, Fellow Art Student </li></ul><ul><li>1960 1st Manager Alan Williams books them in Hamburg, They Add Drummer Pete Best </li></ul>
  19. 19. Early Beatles
  20. 20. Early Beatles <ul><li>In Hamburg They Change Their Look: Black leather, then “French” Hair Cuts </li></ul><ul><li>Learn to Play </li></ul><ul><li>“ Taste of Honey” Be Bop A Lula” “Besame Mucho” </li></ul><ul><li>1st Pro Recording (Beat Brothers)w/Tony Sheridan </li></ul><ul><li>“ My Bonnie” (Sheridan)& “Aint She Sweet” </li></ul>
  21. 21. Early Beatles
  22. 22. Beatles <ul><li>1961 Back in England At the Cavern Club They Begin to Attract Attention </li></ul>
  23. 23. Beatles
  24. 24. Early Beatles <ul><li>NEMS Record Store Owner, Brian Epstein Sees Beatles and Asks to Manage Them </li></ul><ul><li>He Dresses Them in Matching Costumes, Forces them to Tighten Up Their Act </li></ul>
  25. 25. Beatles
  26. 26. Early Beatles <ul><li>Turned Down By All The Major Labels </li></ul><ul><li>1962 Signed By Parlophone, George Martin </li></ul><ul><li>1962 “Love Me Do” and “Please, Please Me) Become Hits in England </li></ul>
  27. 27. Beatles
  28. 28. Beatles Phase Two: Stars <ul><li>Beatles are released on Three Different Labels, None Capitol None Chart </li></ul><ul><li>Capitol Finally Releases “I Want to Hold Your Hand </li></ul><ul><li>Beatlemania Hits America </li></ul>
  29. 29. Beatles <ul><li>Ist Album </li></ul><ul><li>On Vee-Jay </li></ul>
  30. 30. Beatles <ul><li>1st on Capitol Label </li></ul>
  31. 31. Beatles <ul><li>Three Appearances on the Ed Sullivan Show, Carnegie Hall, & Stadiums </li></ul><ul><li>April 1964 #1-#5 on Charts, All Different Labels </li></ul>
  32. 32. Beatles <ul><li>1st Album Breaks the Mold, Many Hits Rather than One </li></ul><ul><li>I Saw Her Standing There </li></ul><ul><li>This Boy </li></ul><ul><li>It Won’t Be Long </li></ul><ul><li>All My Lovin’ </li></ul>
  33. 33. Beatles on Sullivan
  34. 34. Beatles at Atlanta
  35. 35. Beatles <ul><li>2nd Album American Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Chuck Berry </li></ul><ul><li>Little Richard </li></ul><ul><li>Motown </li></ul>
  36. 36. Beatles: Phase Three <ul><li>Experimentation, Studio/Drugs, Begins with “Rubber Soul” </li></ul><ul><li>Lyrics Influenced by Dylan </li></ul><ul><li>Sitar on “Norwegian Wood” </li></ul><ul><li>French & Mandolin on “Michelle” </li></ul><ul><li>Fuzz Bass “Think For Yourself” </li></ul><ul><li>Baroque Keyboard solo “In My Life” </li></ul>
  37. 37. Beatles: Phase Three <ul><li>Experiment cont. “Revolver” </li></ul><ul><li>Tax Protest Song, Distorted Guitar Using Indian Scales </li></ul><ul><li>String Group on “Eleanor Rigby” </li></ul><ul><li>Sitar & Table “Love To You” </li></ul><ul><li>Beautiful Harmony “Here There . . . “ </li></ul><ul><li>Backwards Sounds “Tomorrow Never K .. “ </li></ul>
  38. 38. Beatles Phase Three <ul><li>Strawberry Fields: two studio recordings put together. Paul is Dead Clue “I Buried Paul” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Turn Me On Deadman” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Stairway to Heaven” </li></ul><ul><li>http://jeffmilner.com/backmasking.htm </li></ul>
  39. 39. Beatles: Sgt Pepper
  40. 40. Beatles: Sgt. Pepper <ul><li>1967 Revolutionized the Record Album </li></ul><ul><li>Concept Album, A Song Cycle, Beatles Recorded as if they Were Some Other Band </li></ul><ul><li>One Song Segues into Another </li></ul>
  41. 41. Beatles Phase Four: Final years <ul><li>The Breakup: Manager Dies 1967, Creative Differences, Yoko Ono, Lee Eastman/Alan Klein </li></ul><ul><li>White Album Interpreted as a Goodbye and A Tribute to All the Styles of American Music </li></ul>
  42. 42. White Album <ul><li>Back In The USSR </li></ul><ul><li>(Chuck Berry/Beach Boys) </li></ul><ul><li>Happiness Is A Warm Gun (doo wop) </li></ul><ul><li>Goodnight (popcrooner) </li></ul><ul><li>Rocky Racoon (Dylan talking blues-style) </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t Pass Me By (old time country) </li></ul>
  43. 43. White Album <ul><li>Honey Pie (Music Hall) </li></ul><ul><li>Helter Skelter, Manson’s call to action </li></ul><ul><li>Little Piggies, Manson liked this also </li></ul><ul><li>Revolution Number Nine (tape collage) </li></ul><ul><li>I Buried Paul, Deadman, backward masking </li></ul>
  44. 44. Beatles <ul><li>Last Released “Let It Be” Mixed by Phil Spector </li></ul><ul><li>Last Recorded “Abbey Road” </li></ul><ul><li>Last Appearance Together May 1970 </li></ul>
  45. 45. Beatles <ul><li>Solo Projects </li></ul><ul><li>John recorded avant-garde albums with Yoko </li></ul><ul><li>Assassinated 1980 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Double Fantasy” Grammy Album of the Year 1981 </li></ul>
  46. 46. Beatles <ul><li>Paul records with Linda, several #1 records “My Love” (1973) “Band on the Run” (1974) “Silly Love Songs” (1976) “Ebony & Ivory” (1982) with Michael Jackson </li></ul>
  47. 47. Beatles <ul><li>George “My Sweet Lord” (1970) copyright infringement with “He’s So Fine” UNICEF “Concert For Bangladesh” Member of the Traveling Wilburys (Bob Dylan, Tom Petty, Jeff Lynne, Roy Orbison) </li></ul><ul><li>Ringo had a few hits in early 1970s </li></ul>
  48. 48. Beatles Imitators <ul><li>Monkees - Put together by Don Kirshner. 1st hit “Last Train to Clarksville” released before TV Show (1966-68). Featured Beatles-like music videos </li></ul>
  49. 49. British Invasion Pop Groups <ul><li>Gerry and the Pacemakers & Herman’s Hermits, Peter and Gordon- Clean cut with nice vocal harmonies. </li></ul>
  50. 50. British Blues Groups <ul><li>Groups developed out of the blues into metal & Progressive. </li></ul><ul><li>Yardbirds featured three famous guitarists: Eric Clapton, Jeff Beck, & Jimmy Page. Featured long improvisations (Rave Ups) </li></ul><ul><li>Led Zeppelin formed to cover Yardbirds’ gigs after breakup. </li></ul>
  51. 51. British Blues Groups <ul><li>Cream - Clapton joins with Ginger Baker & Jack Bruce to form “power trio” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Sunshine of Your Love” (1968) early metal, uses slower tempos, more active drumming </li></ul>
  52. 52. Mods & Rockers <ul><li>Two youth movements </li></ul><ul><li>Rockers - Elvis (Teddy Boy) hair, black leather, tough image </li></ul><ul><li>Mods (Moderns) - Continental appearance, short hair, colorful clothing, rode motor scooters, female elfin-like (Twiggy) </li></ul><ul><li>Carnaby Street Fashions </li></ul>
  53. 53. Rolling Stones
  54. 54. Rolling Stones <ul><li>Second Generation Blues Band developed out of Alexis Korner </li></ul><ul><li>1st Performance at Marquee Club for Korner’s Band </li></ul><ul><li>Positioned Opposite From the Beatles - tough & scrufty </li></ul><ul><li>Named For Muddy Waters Song </li></ul><ul><li>Reverence for Chicago Blues </li></ul>
  55. 55. Stones <ul><li>Album “Satanic Majesties Request” an answer to Sgt Pepper’s </li></ul><ul><li>“Sympathy For The Devil” causes problems when performed </li></ul><ul><li>Altamont Raceway Concert 1969, Hell’s Angels as Police Force Kill Meredith Hunter </li></ul>
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