MUS 420

Music Products Seminar

 Dr. Sandy Schaefer
         Drum Sticks
Introduction
  The  basic accessory every drummer
   needs.
  Materials: various woods (maple, hickory,
   oak, persimmo...
Parts of the Stick
Stick Types
  Different sticks for different uses.
  Concert style - heavier, some prefer
   round tips. Most prefer woo...
Stick Types
  Jazz   - lighter than rock, good taper for
   flex (good bounce off the cymbal). Most
   prefer wood tips
 ...
Woods
    Rock Maple - lighter, good flex and rebound.
     10% lighter than hickory
    Sugar Maple
    American Hickor...
Other Materials
  Metal - Ahead Sticks
  Graphite - Aquarian
  Light & glows - Hip Trix, Powerstix
Tips
  Shape controls contact area. Contact area
  controls overtones. Small contact=higher,
  larger=lower 
   ball
    ...
Tips cont.
  NylonTips - originally designed for rock
   drummers, durability. Harder surface
   means higher overtones (...
Stick Sizes
  Sticks identified by number/letter
   combination
  Common sizes: 2A, 2B, 5A, 5B, 7A, 8D,
   2S. Lower numb...
Stick Sizes
  Example   Vic Firth
  7A - 15.5”, .540” dia. (Zildjian .525”)
  8D - 16”, .540’
  5A - 16”, .565” (Zildj...
Stick Grips
  Some    drummers have stick slippage
   problems. 
  Some sticks have roughened area or
   plastic grip to...
Stick Sizes
  Artist
        Models - famous drummers
  assemble their favorite from the variety of
  length, diameter, t...
Selecting Sticks
  Roll on counter to check for warping. The
   tip will wobble on a warped stick. Put the
   good ones i...
Combination Sticks
  To
    facilitate some concert situations sticks
  sometimes have mallets at the other end.
Manufacturing Process: Vic
Firth (Newport, Maine)

  Wood   cut 1” squares and kiln dried for 2
   weeks. 50% of fresh cu...
Process cont.
  Pro-Markhas additional “Millennium II”
 process. It strengthens the wood, adds
 resonance, reduces warpin...
Process cont.
  After reaching desired moisture content
   Wooden squares placed in doweling
   machine
  wood dowels in...
Process cont.
  Stick shaped with grinding wheel. Two-
   step process (butt then tip). 
  Each model has a different gr...
Process cont.
    Timpani sticks and bass drum beaters and
     lathed, sanded, & varnished.
    Sticks with complex sha...
Process cont.
  Inspected  for straightness by infrared
   fiber optic sensor.
  Sticks sorted by weighed
  Sticks sorte...
Process cont
  Sticksmatched by color, placed in
  package, bar coded, wrapped in bricks of
  12 pair, and shipped.
Brushes
  Originally   were “fly whisks” used for softer
   playing. 
  Classic brushes are thin metal wires in a
   rubb...
Brushes
Rute/Rods
  A bundle of wooden dowels in a plastic/
  rubber handle. Dowels in various
  thickness’. Softer than sticks/l...
Manufacturers
  http://home.iae.nl/users/nuenen/
   trademarks_drumsticks.htm lists 90
   brands
  Drum manufacturers on...
Manufacturers
  Retail stores can their own brand of
   sticks 
  Vic Firth -(vicfirth.com) timpanist Boston
   Symphony,...
Manufacturers
  Pro Mark - (promark.com) Houston TX
  1957. Oak, Hickory, and oak. 50% of oak
  sticks made in Japan. Als...
Manufacturers
  Zildjian
          - the country’s oldest cymbal
  manufacture moved into drums sticks in
  1988. Has a s...
Manufacturers
  Vater (vater.com). Started in 1940s, hand
   made sticks out of his music store
  American Drum - family...
Manufacturers
  Cooperman  - (cooperman.com) makes
 rope tensioned drums for drum & fife
 corps. Sticks are persimmon wood
Manufacturers
  Ahead (bigbangdist.com), alloy sticks,
 with replaceable plastic sleeve and plastic
 tips. Unbreakable
Manufacturers
  Aquarian
          (aquariandrumheads.com).
 Graphite sticks & power sleeve
Manufacturers
  Square  Beat - (squarebeatsticks.com),
   yep, another spin on an old idea.
  Trueline - (trueline.com) ...
Manufacturers
  Hip Trix - (hiptrix.com) glow in the dark
  sticks. No batteries, luminescent
Manufacturers
  Powerstix
           - (powerstix.com), multi-colored
 LED lights inside a polycarbonate stick
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Drumsticks

1,927 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,927
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Drumsticks

  1. 1. MUS 420
 Music Products Seminar
 Dr. Sandy Schaefer Drum Sticks
  2. 2. Introduction   The basic accessory every drummer needs.   Materials: various woods (maple, hickory, oak, persimmon), carbon fiber, plastic, fiberglass, metal   Sizes: length, diameter, taper, tip shape, tip material.
  3. 3. Parts of the Stick
  4. 4. Stick Types   Different sticks for different uses.   Concert style - heavier, some prefer round tips. Most prefer wood tips. Enough flex in taper to roll smoothly.   Rock - heavier than jazz sticks, some use concert sizes. Usually nylon tips and thicker neck for durability. Recording drummers usually prefer wood tips
  5. 5. Stick Types   Jazz - lighter than rock, good taper for flex (good bounce off the cymbal). Most prefer wood tips   Marching - heaviest stick (promotes open rolls). Usually wood tips.
  6. 6. Woods   Rock Maple - lighter, good flex and rebound. 10% lighter than hickory   Sugar Maple   American Hickory - heavier, more durable SP . 82 @ 15% moisture   Japanese shira kashi white oak, SP .90 @ 15% moisture, 10% heavier than hickory   Persimmon - beautiful finish
  7. 7. Other Materials   Metal - Ahead Sticks   Graphite - Aquarian   Light & glows - Hip Trix, Powerstix
  8. 8. Tips   Shape controls contact area. Contact area controls overtones. Small contact=higher, larger=lower ball oval teardrop acorn
  9. 9. Tips cont.   NylonTips - originally designed for rock drummers, durability. Harder surface means higher overtones (brittle sound)   Wood Tips -= warmer sound, less highs, damaged by cymbals
  10. 10. Stick Sizes   Sticks identified by number/letter combination   Common sizes: 2A, 2B, 5A, 5B, 7A, 8D, 2S. Lower number = larger diameter. B= band, A=orchestra, S= marching (street), D= dance band.   No real standardization between brands
  11. 11. Stick Sizes   Example Vic Firth   7A - 15.5”, .540” dia. (Zildjian .525”)   8D - 16”, .540’   5A - 16”, .565” (Zildjian .560”)   5B - 16”, .595” (Zildjian .600”)   2B - 16.25”, .630”   Rock - 16 5/8”, .630”
  12. 12. Stick Grips   Some drummers have stick slippage problems.   Some sticks have roughened area or plastic grip to help   Gorilla Snot applies to the stick   Zildjian has a Dip series with plastic coating.
  13. 13. Stick Sizes   Artist Models - famous drummers assemble their favorite from the variety of length, diameter, tip, & woods
  14. 14. Selecting Sticks   Roll on counter to check for warping. The tip will wobble on a warped stick. Put the good ones in a pile   Weigh/balance sticks using the same hand. Sort similar sticks.   Check pitch on counter or using the clave technique
  15. 15. Combination Sticks   To facilitate some concert situations sticks sometimes have mallets at the other end.
  16. 16. Manufacturing Process: Vic Firth (Newport, Maine)   Wood cut 1” squares and kiln dried for 2 weeks. 50% of fresh cut wood’s weight is water. Drying contracts & hardens wood. Improperly dried wood sticks warp. (Sawdust & shavings fire the kiln)   Vater uses a vacuum process (24 hrs.)
  17. 17. Process cont.   Pro-Markhas additional “Millennium II” process. It strengthens the wood, adds resonance, reduces warping.
  18. 18. Process cont.   After reaching desired moisture content Wooden squares placed in doweling machine   wood dowels inspected and graded into several categories, (color, grain straightness, mineral streaks, blemishes and structural defects). Best grain pattern used for the tip end. Length is cut.
  19. 19. Process cont.   Stick shaped with grinding wheel. Two- step process (butt then tip).   Each model has a different grinding wheel and steel template (.001” accuracy).   Grinding done underwater to keep stick from burning (water is filtered & recycled)   Pro-Mark uses high speed lathe, doesn’t heat the wood as much
  20. 20. Process cont.   Timpani sticks and bass drum beaters and lathed, sanded, & varnished.   Sticks with complex shaped on Computer Numerical Control lathe.   Sticks put in tumbler to add the finish.   Pro-Mark has non-toxic finish, sticks less sensitive to moisture changes   Another inspection, Pro-Mark has 7 inspections   Logo stamped
  21. 21. Process cont.   Inspected for straightness by infrared fiber optic sensor.   Sticks sorted by weighed   Sticks sorted by tone, struck with hammer, & frequency analyzed by computer   Pro-Mark sorts by weight and pitch also.
  22. 22. Process cont   Sticksmatched by color, placed in package, bar coded, wrapped in bricks of 12 pair, and shipped.
  23. 23. Brushes   Originally were “fly whisks” used for softer playing.   Classic brushes are thin metal wires in a rubber coated handle. The wires retract into the handle.   Today some brushes are made of plastic wires.
  24. 24. Brushes
  25. 25. Rute/Rods   A bundle of wooden dowels in a plastic/ rubber handle. Dowels in various thickness’. Softer than sticks/louder than brushes
  26. 26. Manufacturers   http://home.iae.nl/users/nuenen/ trademarks_drumsticks.htm lists 90 brands   Drum manufacturers once marketed their own brand of sticks   Now stick specialists control the market
  27. 27. Manufacturers   Retail stores can their own brand of sticks   Vic Firth -(vicfirth.com) timpanist Boston Symphony, began making timpani sticks, expanded line. Has complete line of sticks, mallets, beaters, practice pads, stick bags, and wearables.
  28. 28. Manufacturers   Pro Mark - (promark.com) Houston TX 1957. Oak, Hickory, and oak. 50% of oak sticks made in Japan. Also concert percussion sticks, practice pads, etc.
  29. 29. Manufacturers   Zildjian - the country’s oldest cymbal manufacture moved into drums sticks in 1988. Has a standard stick line plus anti vibration sticks, coated sticks, and roughened grip sticks.
  30. 30. Manufacturers   Vater (vater.com). Started in 1940s, hand made sticks out of his music store   American Drum - family owned, started with marimba mallets
  31. 31. Manufacturers   Cooperman - (cooperman.com) makes rope tensioned drums for drum & fife corps. Sticks are persimmon wood
  32. 32. Manufacturers   Ahead (bigbangdist.com), alloy sticks, with replaceable plastic sleeve and plastic tips. Unbreakable
  33. 33. Manufacturers   Aquarian (aquariandrumheads.com). Graphite sticks & power sleeve
  34. 34. Manufacturers   Square Beat - (squarebeatsticks.com), yep, another spin on an old idea.   Trueline - (trueline.com) unique designs
  35. 35. Manufacturers   Hip Trix - (hiptrix.com) glow in the dark sticks. No batteries, luminescent
  36. 36. Manufacturers   Powerstix - (powerstix.com), multi-colored LED lights inside a polycarbonate stick

×