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Transcript

  • 1. MUS 420
 Music Products Seminar
 Dr. Sandy Schaefer Drum Sticks
  • 2. Introduction   The basic accessory every drummer needs.   Materials: various woods (maple, hickory, oak, persimmon), carbon fiber, plastic, fiberglass, metal   Sizes: length, diameter, taper, tip shape, tip material.
  • 3. Parts of the Stick
  • 4. Stick Types   Different sticks for different uses.   Concert style - heavier, some prefer round tips. Most prefer wood tips. Enough flex in taper to roll smoothly.   Rock - heavier than jazz sticks, some use concert sizes. Usually nylon tips and thicker neck for durability. Recording drummers usually prefer wood tips
  • 5. Stick Types   Jazz - lighter than rock, good taper for flex (good bounce off the cymbal). Most prefer wood tips   Marching - heaviest stick (promotes open rolls). Usually wood tips.
  • 6. Woods   Rock Maple - lighter, good flex and rebound. 10% lighter than hickory   Sugar Maple   American Hickory - heavier, more durable SP . 82 @ 15% moisture   Japanese shira kashi white oak, SP .90 @ 15% moisture, 10% heavier than hickory   Persimmon - beautiful finish
  • 7. Other Materials   Metal - Ahead Sticks   Graphite - Aquarian   Light & glows - Hip Trix, Powerstix
  • 8. Tips   Shape controls contact area. Contact area controls overtones. Small contact=higher, larger=lower ball oval teardrop acorn
  • 9. Tips cont.   NylonTips - originally designed for rock drummers, durability. Harder surface means higher overtones (brittle sound)   Wood Tips -= warmer sound, less highs, damaged by cymbals
  • 10. Stick Sizes   Sticks identified by number/letter combination   Common sizes: 2A, 2B, 5A, 5B, 7A, 8D, 2S. Lower number = larger diameter. B= band, A=orchestra, S= marching (street), D= dance band.   No real standardization between brands
  • 11. Stick Sizes   Example Vic Firth   7A - 15.5”, .540” dia. (Zildjian .525”)   8D - 16”, .540’   5A - 16”, .565” (Zildjian .560”)   5B - 16”, .595” (Zildjian .600”)   2B - 16.25”, .630”   Rock - 16 5/8”, .630”
  • 12. Stick Grips   Some drummers have stick slippage problems.   Some sticks have roughened area or plastic grip to help   Gorilla Snot applies to the stick   Zildjian has a Dip series with plastic coating.
  • 13. Stick Sizes   Artist Models - famous drummers assemble their favorite from the variety of length, diameter, tip, & woods
  • 14. Selecting Sticks   Roll on counter to check for warping. The tip will wobble on a warped stick. Put the good ones in a pile   Weigh/balance sticks using the same hand. Sort similar sticks.   Check pitch on counter or using the clave technique
  • 15. Combination Sticks   To facilitate some concert situations sticks sometimes have mallets at the other end.
  • 16. Manufacturing Process: Vic Firth (Newport, Maine)   Wood cut 1” squares and kiln dried for 2 weeks. 50% of fresh cut wood’s weight is water. Drying contracts & hardens wood. Improperly dried wood sticks warp. (Sawdust & shavings fire the kiln)   Vater uses a vacuum process (24 hrs.)
  • 17. Process cont.   Pro-Markhas additional “Millennium II” process. It strengthens the wood, adds resonance, reduces warping.
  • 18. Process cont.   After reaching desired moisture content Wooden squares placed in doweling machine   wood dowels inspected and graded into several categories, (color, grain straightness, mineral streaks, blemishes and structural defects). Best grain pattern used for the tip end. Length is cut.
  • 19. Process cont.   Stick shaped with grinding wheel. Two- step process (butt then tip).   Each model has a different grinding wheel and steel template (.001” accuracy).   Grinding done underwater to keep stick from burning (water is filtered & recycled)   Pro-Mark uses high speed lathe, doesn’t heat the wood as much
  • 20. Process cont.   Timpani sticks and bass drum beaters and lathed, sanded, & varnished.   Sticks with complex shaped on Computer Numerical Control lathe.   Sticks put in tumbler to add the finish.   Pro-Mark has non-toxic finish, sticks less sensitive to moisture changes   Another inspection, Pro-Mark has 7 inspections   Logo stamped
  • 21. Process cont.   Inspected for straightness by infrared fiber optic sensor.   Sticks sorted by weighed   Sticks sorted by tone, struck with hammer, & frequency analyzed by computer   Pro-Mark sorts by weight and pitch also.
  • 22. Process cont   Sticksmatched by color, placed in package, bar coded, wrapped in bricks of 12 pair, and shipped.
  • 23. Brushes   Originally were “fly whisks” used for softer playing.   Classic brushes are thin metal wires in a rubber coated handle. The wires retract into the handle.   Today some brushes are made of plastic wires.
  • 24. Brushes
  • 25. Rute/Rods   A bundle of wooden dowels in a plastic/ rubber handle. Dowels in various thickness’. Softer than sticks/louder than brushes
  • 26. Manufacturers   http://home.iae.nl/users/nuenen/ trademarks_drumsticks.htm lists 90 brands   Drum manufacturers once marketed their own brand of sticks   Now stick specialists control the market
  • 27. Manufacturers   Retail stores can their own brand of sticks   Vic Firth -(vicfirth.com) timpanist Boston Symphony, began making timpani sticks, expanded line. Has complete line of sticks, mallets, beaters, practice pads, stick bags, and wearables.
  • 28. Manufacturers   Pro Mark - (promark.com) Houston TX 1957. Oak, Hickory, and oak. 50% of oak sticks made in Japan. Also concert percussion sticks, practice pads, etc.
  • 29. Manufacturers   Zildjian - the country’s oldest cymbal manufacture moved into drums sticks in 1988. Has a standard stick line plus anti vibration sticks, coated sticks, and roughened grip sticks.
  • 30. Manufacturers   Vater (vater.com). Started in 1940s, hand made sticks out of his music store   American Drum - family owned, started with marimba mallets
  • 31. Manufacturers   Cooperman - (cooperman.com) makes rope tensioned drums for drum & fife corps. Sticks are persimmon wood
  • 32. Manufacturers   Ahead (bigbangdist.com), alloy sticks, with replaceable plastic sleeve and plastic tips. Unbreakable
  • 33. Manufacturers   Aquarian (aquariandrumheads.com). Graphite sticks & power sleeve
  • 34. Manufacturers   Square Beat - (squarebeatsticks.com), yep, another spin on an old idea.   Trueline - (trueline.com) unique designs
  • 35. Manufacturers   Hip Trix - (hiptrix.com) glow in the dark sticks. No batteries, luminescent
  • 36. Manufacturers   Powerstix - (powerstix.com), multi-colored LED lights inside a polycarbonate stick

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