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a presentation of available drum stick types/styles.

a presentation of available drum stick types/styles.



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Drumsticks Drumsticks Presentation Transcript

  • MUS 420 Music Products Seminar Dr. Sandy Schaefer Drum Sticks
  • Introduction
    • The basic accessory every drummer needs.
    • Materials: various woods (maple, hickory, oak, persimmon), carbon fiber, plastic, fiberglass, metal
    • Sizes: length, diameter, taper, tip shape, tip material.
  • Parts of the Stick
  • Stick Types
    • Different sticks for different uses.
    • Concert style - heavier, some prefer round tips. Most prefer wood tips. Enough flex in taper to roll smoothly.
    • Rock - heavier than jazz sticks, some use concert sizes. Usually nylon tips and thicker neck for durability. Recording drummers usually prefer wood tips
  • Stick Types
    • Jazz - lighter than rock, good taper for flex (good bounce off the cymbal). Most prefer wood tips
    • Marching - heaviest stick (promotes open rolls). Usually wood tips.
  • Woods
    • Rock Maple - lighter, good flex and rebound. 10% lighter than hickory
    • Sugar Maple
    • American Hickory - heavier, more durable SP .82 @ 15% moisture
    • Japanese shira kashi white oak, SP .90 @ 15% moisture, 10% heavier than hickory
    • Persimmon - beautiful finish
  • Other Materials
    • Metal - Ahead Sticks
    • Graphite - Aquarian
    • Light & glows - Hip Trix, Powerstix
  • Tips
    • Shape controls contact area. Contact area controls overtones. Small contact=higher, larger=lower
    ball oval teardrop acorn
  • Tips cont.
    • Nylon Tips - originally designed for rock drummers, durability. Harder surface means higher overtones (brittle sound)
    • Wood Tips -= warmer sound, less highs, damaged by cymbals
  • Stick Sizes
    • Sticks identified by number/letter combination
    • Common sizes: 2A, 2B, 5A, 5B, 7A, 8D, 2S. Lower number = larger diameter. B= band, A=orchestra, S= marching (street), D= dance band.
    • No real standardization between brands
  • Stick Sizes
    • Example Vic Firth
    • 7A - 15.5”, .540” dia. (Zildjian .525”)
    • 8D - 16”, .540’
    • 5A - 16”, .565” (Zildjian .560”)
    • 5B - 16”, .595” (Zildjian .600”)
    • 2B - 16.25”, .630”
    • Rock - 16 5/8”, .630”
  • Stick Grips
    • Some drummers have stick slippage problems.
    • Some sticks have roughened area or plastic grip to help
    • Gorilla Snot applies to the stick
    • Zildjian has a Dip series with plastic coating.
  • Stick Sizes
    • Artist Models - famous drummers assemble their favorite from the variety of length, diameter, tip, & woods
  • Selecting Sticks
    • Roll on counter to check for warping. The tip will wobble on a warped stick. Put the good ones in a pile
    • Weigh/balance sticks using the same hand. Sort similar sticks.
    • Check pitch on counter or using the clave technique
  • Combination Sticks
    • To facilitate some concert situations sticks sometimes have mallets at the other end.
  • Manufacturing Process: Vic Firth (Newport, Maine)
    • Wood cut 1” squares and kiln dried for 2 weeks. 50% of fresh cut wood’s weight is water. Drying contracts & hardens wood. Improperly dried wood sticks warp. (Sawdust & shavings fire the kiln)
    • Vater uses a vacuum process (24 hrs.)
  • Process cont.
    • Pro-Mark has additional “Millennium II” process. It strengthens the wood, adds resonance, reduces warping.
  • Process cont.
    • After reaching desired moisture content Wooden squares placed in doweling machine
    • wood dowels inspected and graded into several categories, (color, grain straightness, mineral streaks, blemishes and structural defects). Best grain pattern used for the tip end. Length is cut.
  • Process cont.
    • Stick shaped with grinding wheel. Two-step process (butt then tip).
    • Each model has a different grinding wheel and steel template (.001” accuracy).
    • Grinding done underwater to keep stick from burning (water is filtered & recycled)
    • Pro-Mark uses high speed lathe, doesn’t heat the wood as much
  • Process cont.
    • Timpani sticks and bass drum beaters and lathed, sanded, & varnished.
    • Sticks with complex shaped on Computer Numerical Control lathe.
    • Sticks put in tumbler to add the finish.
    • Pro-Mark has non-toxic finish, sticks less sensitive to moisture changes
    • Another inspection, Pro-Mark has 7 inspections
    • Logo stamped
  • Process cont.
    • Inspected for straightness by infrared fiber optic sensor.
    • Sticks sorted by weighed
    • Sticks sorted by tone, struck with hammer, & frequency analyzed by computer
    • Pro-Mark sorts by weight and pitch also.
  • Process cont
    • Sticks matched by color, placed in package, bar coded, wrapped in bricks of 12 pair, and shipped.
  • Brushes
    • Originally were “fly whisks” used for softer playing.
    • Classic brushes are thin metal wires in a rubber coated handle. The wires retract into the handle.
    • Today some brushes are made of plastic wires.
  • Brushes
  • Rute/Rods
    • A bundle of wooden dowels in a plastic/rubber handle. Dowels in various thickness’. Softer than sticks/louder than brushes
  • Manufacturers
    • http://home.iae.nl/users/nuenen/trademarks_drumsticks.htm lists 90 brands
    • Drum manufacturers once marketed their own brand of sticks
    • Now stick specialists control the market
  • Manufacturers
    • Retail stores can their own brand of sticks
    • Vic Firth -(vicfirth.com) timpanist Boston Symphony, began making timpani sticks, expanded line. Has complete line of sticks, mallets, beaters, practice pads, stick bags, and wearables.
  • Manufacturers
    • Pro Mark - (promark.com) Houston TX 1957. Oak, Hickory, and oak. 50% of oak sticks made in Japan. Also concert percussion sticks, practice pads, etc.
  • Manufacturers
    • Zildjian - the country’s oldest cymbal manufacture moved into drums sticks in 1988. Has a standard stick line plus anti vibration sticks, coated sticks, and roughened grip sticks.
  • Manufacturers
    • Vater (vater.com). Started in 1940s, hand made sticks out of his music store
    • American Drum - family owned, started with marimba mallets
  • Manufacturers
    • Cooperman - (cooperman.com) makes rope tensioned drums for drum & fife corps. Sticks are persimmon wood
  • Manufacturers
    • Ahead (bigbangdist.com), alloy sticks, with replaceable plastic sleeve and plastic tips. Unbreakable
  • Manufacturers
    • Aquarian (aquariandrumheads.com). Graphite sticks & power sleeve
  • Manufacturers
    • Square Beat - (squarebeatsticks.com), yep, another spin on an old idea.
    • Trueline - (trueline.com) unique designs
  • Manufacturers
    • Hip Trix - (hiptrix.com) glow in the dark sticks. No batteries, luminescent
  • Manufacturers
    • Powerstix - (powerstix.com), multi-colored LED lights inside a polycarbonate stick