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Blues
 

Blues

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    Blues Blues Presentation Transcript

    • Blues
      • A Romanticized Subject
      • Began to be Recognized End of 19thC.
      • Developed from Work Songs and (some say) Spirituals
      • Combined with Ragtime circa 1895 to Create Jazz
    • Blues Archeology
      • Blues Spread once it met the Music Business
      • 1. 1902 Ma Rainey “Mother of the Blues” added Blues to her Minstrel Act
    • Blues Archeology
      • 2. 1903 W. C. Handy “Father of the Blues”
      • First heard the blues (p. 18)
    • Blues Archeology
      • 3. 1909 W. C. Handy writes“Memphis Blues”
      • (for mayoral race)
      • 4. 1912 “Memphis Blues” is Published, others also publish Blues
      • 5. 1916 First Recorded Blues
    • Blues Archeology
      • 6. 1917 First Instrumental Blues Recorded, Original Dixieland Jass Band “Livery Stable Blues”
      • 7. 1920 First African-American Recording of the Blues. Mamie Smith “Crazy Blues”
      • 8. 1923(24) First Country Blues Recorded
    • Blues Styles in the 1920s
      • “ Classic” City Blues and Country Blues
      • City Blues Recorded First
      • Country Blues developed First
    • “ Classic” City Blues Form
      • 12 Bars of Music
      • 3 Basic Chords
      • Repetition of the First Vocal Line
      “ St. Louis Blues” Bessie Smith
    • The “Classic” Blues Form
      • vocal line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..] instrumental answer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]
      • (chord 1)
      • || — — — — || — — — — || — — — — || — — — — ||
      • repeat vocal line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ] instrumental answer . . . . . .. . . … . . .. … ]
      • (chord 2) (chord 1)
      • || — — — — || — — — — || — — — — || — — — — ||
      • vocal line #2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . ] instrumental answer . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . ]
      • (chord 3) (chord 1)
      • || — — — — || — — — — || — — — — || — — — — ||
      “ Back Water Blues” “ Black Snake Moan”
    • City Blues
      • Is a Female Dominated Style
      • It was Professional Entertainment
      • Mamie Smith was a Theater Performer before she recorded “Crazy Blues” in 1920
      • Accompaniment by Piano and/or Jazz Band
    • Mamie Smith & Her Jazz Hounds
    • City Blues Singers
      • Ma Rainey “Mother of the Blues”
      • Bessie Smith “Empress of the Blues”
    • Country Blues
      • A Male Dominated Style
      • Self-Accompanied on Guitar
      • Used “Approximately” 12 Bars of Music
      • Performed at Smaller Gatherings, often by Itinerant Street Performers
      “ Match Box Blues” Blind Lemmon Jefferson “ Revenue Man Blues” Charlie Patton
    • Country Blues Singers
      • Blind Lemon Jefferson
      • 1st country blues whose records sold well
      • Robert Johnson, Satanic Myth
      • 1930s, the end of the country blues trend. Major influence on British rockers
      • Leadbelly
      • Discovered by Lomax, influenced the Greenwich Village Folk scene
    • Country Blues Styles
      • Mississippi Delta
      • Piedmont
      • Texas
    • Mississippi Delta Blues
      • Thought to be the oldest form
      • Bottle Neck Guitar Style
      • Charlie Patton, Robert Johnson (but)
    • Texas Blues
      • Use of single line melodies
      • Blind Lemon Jefferson
      • Leadbelly
    • Piedmont Blues
      • Atlanta & Southeast
      • Closer to Ragtime Guitar
      • Barbecue Bob (1927-8)
      • Blind Boy Fuller (1930s)
    • Early 1930s
      • Country and City Blues Begin to Combine
      • LeRoy Carr & Scrapper Blackwell
      • Male
      • Piano Blues & Single Line Guitar
      • Polished
      • “ Midnight Hour Blues”
    • 1930s Blues
      • Kansas City Blues Shouter, jazz based
      • Joe Turner, Kansas City late 1930s. 1950s was considered a Rhythm & Blues singer
      • Blues Shouter style was adopted by rock singers
    • Blues 1940s Jump Bands
      • Jump Bands were scaled down swing bands
      • Extensive riffs
      • Louis Jordan, major hits in the 1940.
      • 9 of the top 15 were Jordan’s (1946)
      • Became model for Bill Haley (used the same record producer)
      • “ Choo Choo Ch-Boogie
    • Blues Late 1940s
      • Chicago Blues
      • Electrified Mississippi Delta Blues
      • Used Bottle Neck Style Guitar
      • Chess Records (Chess Brothers)
      • Muddy Waters (McKinley Morganfield)
    • Blues: Muddy Waters
      • Born on Plantation
      • Recorded Country Blues 1941 for LOC
      • Moved to Chicago 1946
      • “ Hard Day Blues”
    • Other Chicago (Detroit) Blues
      • Howlin’ Wolf
      • From the Delta
      • Memphis Radio Show
      • John Lee Hooker, Detroit
      • From the Delta
      • Step Father played w/Charlie Patton
      • “ Boogie Chillun”
    • 1940s Smooth Urban Blues
      • Jazzy & Relaxed
      • Usually Piano Based
      • Nat King Cole, piano/singer
      • Ray Charles began in this style
    • Electric Guitar Urban Blues
      • 1940-1950
      • T-Bone Walker (Texas)
      • 1st recorded electric guitar blues
      • B. B. King (Memphis)
      • Copied T-Bone’s style
      • “ B. B. Boogie”