ObjectivesFound new markets.Expansion of the religion.Found new sea communications.Get more and new resources.
DiferencesColonialism: "the control or governing influence of a nation over a dependent country, territory,or people."Imperialism: "the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreigncountries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies."
Economic causes5 reasons for Imperialism:1. Political (nationalism, to be the most powerful country by ruling many other countries).2. Economical (to use other countrys resources, recieve cheap labor, have a market for theirgoods -> Africa).3. Religious (to spread their religion ->missionaries)4. Idealogical (believed that their race was better and had to civilize other people by teachingthem -> The White Mans burden)5. Exploratory (people wanted to explore new lands for mapping, etc.)
Queen Victoria RoleAs a Constitutional Monarch, she had very little influence on how the government of the day,conducted its business. Most of the time she could only approve or disapprove of the actions ofthe government and other bodies, based on the information she received. After the death of herhusband, Prince Albert, Queen Victoria withdrew from public affairs.
SlaveryIn July 1833, a Bill to abolish slavery throughout the British Empire passed in the House ofCommons, followed by the House of Lords on 1st August. There has been a lot of debate overthe factors that contributed to the final success of the bill.
British ProjectThe British practiced imperialism not to exploit the Africans, but to help all of Britain, which theydid, shown by their success in protecting India, improving their economy, and fightingcompetition. Their rule over India brought in a lot of money, and protecting it was what startedtheir colonization of Africa. Establishing more colonies was the solution to Britains economicdifficulties and also gave them national glory, helping them remain wealthier and more powerfulthan any other European nation. Britain practiced imperialism as a predator makes its kill, not tohurt the prey, but to sustain itself.
Cecil Rhodes against BoersIn 1880, Rhodes prepared to enter public life at the Cape. With the earlier incorporation ofGriqualand West into the Cape Colony under the Molteno Ministry in 1877, the area hadobtained six seats in the Cape House of Assembly. Rhodes chose the constituency of BarklyWest, a rural constituency in which Boer voters predominated. Barkly West remained faithful toRhodes even after his support of the Jameson Raid against the Transvaal. He continued as itsMember until his death.
Importance of Suez CanalA shorter, more efficient route to India was discovered- the Suez Canal, which was controlled bythe French. The canal went through Egypt and connected Europe to Asia, making it unnecessaryto circumnavigate Africa. The British wanted to take over the Suez Canal to save the time andcost of sailing around Africa, and, additionally, to keep the French from taking India away fromthem, which was possible if they could travel there faster than the British (Baldwin). Accordingly,they bought shares of the canal until they had more than the French, giving them control of it.The Egyptians rebelled and the British defeated them
India the jewel of the crownThe Indian Subcontinent is rich in commodities that traders enjoyed, many of these tradersbeing European. During 1450-1750, the weakening of the Mughal Empire in addition to theinternal unrest between the Hindu majority and the Muslims allowed for ample vacancy for theEuropeans to encroach.
New imperialist potency: USAThe American Revolution and the conflict with spain made USA a bif potential state whose usedimperialism in many places. They went into the World War 1 with hopes of conquering theenemy and being the superpower that won the war.
Monroe DoctrineThe Monroe Doctrine was a policy of the United States introduced on December 2, 1823. Itstated that further efforts by European nations to colonize land or interfere with states in Northor South America would be viewed as acts of aggression, requiring U.S. intervention
War against SpainThe Spanish–American War was a conflict in 1898 between Spain and the United States,effectively the result of American intervention in the Cuban War of Independence. Americanattacks on Spains Pacific possessions led to involvement in the Philippine Revolution andultimately to the Philippine–American War.
Colonial administrationThe United States moved into the Philippines as a result of the peace settlement with Spain in1898. The Filipinos were granted a Commonwealth (internal autonomy) government in 1935,and their independence in 1946.
ConclusionThough the basic patterns of domination in European colonial empires remained similar to thoseworked out in Java and India in the early industrial period, the style of colonial rule and patternsof social interaction between colonizer and colonized changed considerably in the late 19thcentury. Nowadays the racism is almost disappearing of the world.