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5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012
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5TH, PPP body painting and modifications. BIM 2, 2012

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  • 1. Body Modifications
  • 2. BODY PAINTING• The African Face Painting Tradition• By an eHow Contributor• African Men Painting faces with different patterns and symbols has long been part of the tradition of many cultures, including the African nations. Face painting, which is usually complemented with body paint, is done according to tribal rites and cultural activities of specific African tribal groups. This tradition also carries different purposes and meanings for different tribes such as hunting, specific events, rituals and tribal status.• Read more: The African Face Painting Tradition | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/about_6696477_african-face-painting-tradition.html#ixzz1btbX31j2
  • 3. Efik Face and body painting carry a lot of symbolism to the Efik tribe. This ethnic group, which resides primarily in southeastern Nigeria, uses face painting to signify love and purity. During the old times in the tribe, the painting of faces was a way of expressing the tribe native’s own identity. Face painting also included patterns for identifyingfamilies and clans. In some cases, face painting also symbolizes the happiness of giving birth to a child. For single women, a painted face is the equivalent of an initiation rite for the bearer to formally enter the society of women. For families, painted faces also indicate their happiness for some good news they have received. The native female dancers, called Abang, use face painting as way of expressing their beauty, love and complete femininity. Read more: The African Face Painting Tradition | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/about_6696477_african-face-painting- tradition.html#ixzz1btbsICAk
  • 4. Xhosa The Xhosa tribe obtains the paint they use on their face from an area called Hogsback. They call this place Qabimbola, which means red clay on the face.The purposes for these tribal people to paint their faces are varied. Some useit as a protection from the sunlight. The women put white paint on their faces as a mark for beauty. During the manhood initiation rite called Abakwetha, the young men have their faces painted first with white mud. After the circumcision ceremony, their faces will be covered with mud signifying their readiness for complete adult male responsibilities.Read more: The African Face Painting Tradition | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/about_6696477_african- face-painting-tradition.html#ixzz1btcInZQr
  • 5. Pondo The Pondo tribe in Pondoland of the South African region celebrates the tradition called umgidi. This refers to the initiation of a young woman to become a diviner orpriestess of the tribe. The final initiation day is marked by the woman appearing at her homestead naked to the waist with her face and torso painted with white clay embellished with idwabe leaves. The paint pattern created on her torso and face symbolizes her link to her ancestors who are believed to be the reason for her illnessand recovery. The women dance to express gratitude to her ancestors for restoring her health. Read more: The African Face Painting Tradition | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/about_6696477_african- face-painting-tradition.html#ixzz1btdTYFDp
  • 6. Karo The Karo tribes located in Southern Omo Valley in Ethiopia are known to be masters of traditional body and face painting. They paint their faces and bodies as a valuable part of their dance feast and ceremonies such as forcourtships. They use pulverized white chalk, black charcoal, yellow, ochre and red earth to create striking and elaborate painting patterns to emulate the plumage of the guinea fowl. These patterns are usually traced by just using their hands and fingers.Read more: The African Face Painting Tradition | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/about_6696477_african- face-painting-tradition.html#ixzz1bteEUPr8
  • 7. Woodabe The Woodabe tribe, also called the Bororo tribe, is a group of pastoralnomads found in the eastern Niger. The tribe celebrates the Gerewol festival,a special venue that gives men the chance to meet and attract women in theirtribe. During the celebration, competitions take place in the form of a beauty pageant where the women are the judges and the men are the candidates. The Woodabe men paint their faces yellow or red and their lips black during their annual dance ceremonies to increase beauty and appeal. Read more: The African Face Painting Tradition | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/about_6696477_african- face-painting-tradition.html#ixzz1btfDF9xz
  • 8. MASSAI
  • 9. The Maasai (sometimes misspelled "Masai") are a Nilotic ethnic group ofsemi-nomadic people located in Kenya and northern Tanzania. They areamong the best known of African ethnic groups, due to their distinctivecustoms and dress and residence near the many game parks of East Africa.They speak Maa a member of the Nilo-Saharan language family that isrelated to Dinka and Nuer, and are also educated in the official languagesof Kenya and Tanzania: Swahili and English. The Maasai population hasreported as numbering 840,000 in Kenya in the 2009 census, compared to377,000 in 1989 and 400,000 in 2000. THE MASSAI JUMPING CEREMONY- WARRIORS
  • 10. Body modification (or body alteration)Is the deliberate altering of the human body for non-medical reasons, such as sexual enhancement, a rite ofpassage, aesthetic reasons, denoting affiliation, trustand loyalty, religious reasons, shock value, and self-expression. It can range from the socially acceptabledecoration (e.g., pierced ears in many societies) to thereligiously mandated (e.g., circumcision in a number ofcultures), and everywhere in between. Body art is themodification of any part of the human body forspiritual, religious, artistic or aesthetic reasons.
  • 11. Scarification is a permanent form ofbody decoration that perfects the body inmuch the same way as cosmetic surgery.It involves puncturing or cutting patternsand motifs into the dermis or upper levelsof skin. When the cuts heal, scars remain.Different tools produce different types ofscars, some subtle, some pronounced. Forexample, cutting the skin with a razor andthen pulling the skin up with a fishhook orthorn yeilds large, raised keloids (scars).Soot, used as a sterile irritant, can berubbed into the open wounds to makethe scarring even more prominent.
  • 12. Tooth AlterationsMany cultures alter the shape or alignment ofthe teeth. Such enhancements include pullingteeth, filing them horizontally, filing them tosharp points, dyeing them, and repositioningthem.One modification-filing the teeth to a sharppoint-is practiced in several African countries.Whereas both the lower and upper teeth canbe filed, most commonly it is the upperincisors that are shaped. This procedure isoften carried out at puberty or just prior tomarriage.
  • 13. LIP PLATES - In the Name of Beauty - Southwest EthiopiaSouthwest, Ethiopia, women altered themselves for a husband. {Tribal Alteration isagain becoming the style for some modern people who see it as a spiritual rite.}
  • 14. Neck Rings - "The Long Neck Tribe" of Burmese-ThaiThe women walk slowly and stately as if in a dream. From the ageof 6, each year a few rings are snapped around a young girls neckuntil 20 rings in all have created a long giraffe neck. Only on theirwedding night do the women remove the rings.
  • 15. Geishas in Japan
  • 16. CHINESE FOOT BINDING – In the name of beautyOver 1000 years ago the princes concubine, Yao Niang, walkedso gracefully it appeared as if she was "skimming over the top ofgolden lilies." Chinese Foot Binding became all the rage.Suddenly every man wanted a woman with beautiful 3 to 4 inch "Lotus Blossom" feet.Young girl’s feet were wrapped tightly with cloth binding. This stunted foot growthfrom the age of 6 years old. As young girls endured their pain, they embroidered andbeaded tiny slippers in preparation for their reward, a "Cindarella prince" husband. Inthe name of beauty women altered themselves. Here are two tiny pairs of 4 to 5 inchwomens shoes.
  • 17. TINY 16 - 18 INCH WAISTS WERE CREATED BY CORSETS SOTIGHT THEY INJURED INTERNAL ORGANS. BOTTOM RIBSWERE REMOVED IN THE NAME OF BEAUTY.A 2008 models blog reports a newprocedure is being done by an L.A. surgeonfor models. Their bottom ribs are removedto give the appearance of a sleek sveltewaist line. This procedure is nothing new.A few Victorian women of wealth anddrama had thier bottom ribs removed. Inthese days sugery was often risky and led toinfection. In the name of beauty theyaltered themselves.
  • 18. TattooingPlastic surgeryPiercingsBody expansions
  • 19. Body Alterations in ART
  • 20. Beecroft
  • 21. Shirin Neshat
  • 22. Cindy Sherman
  • 23. Orlan
  • 24. What alterations would youand wouldn’t you do to your body?
  • 25. Rebecca Horn

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