Year 12 Media Studies Camera angles, movement and composition
L.O.• To know the different camera angles used in TV drama and how movement affects shots• To know what composition and the rule of thirds means• To be able to storyboard using shot sizes and angles• To be able to analyse a TV drama and identify camera shot sizes, angles and movement
The International• Look at the camera angles and shot sizes and think about why they were used.
Camera angles• Low angle - connotes superiority• High angle - connotes inferiority• Tilt - camera tilts up or down• Pan - when the camera swivels from left to righ to right to left. Pans usually slow and steady• A whip pan is a very quick pan
Camera terminology• Track - when the camera physically moves across the ﬂoor. A camera could be on wheels on a track - called a “tracking shot”• Camera can have wheels bolted onto the bottom of the tripod for the same effect• Much more often ‘steadicam’ is used, where the camera is ﬁxed to the body of a camera operator with belts, for even smoother action.
Tasks• 1. Storyboard story as listed on sheet• 2. Watch Life on Mars and ﬁll out table•
Composition• Rule of thirds:• createvideonotebook.blogspot.com• Depth of ﬁeld - is the portion of the shot or scene that appears acceptably sharp in the image. Its determined by how far the camera is to the subject, the lens focal length, f numbers and other factors. You can change the depth of ﬁeld so that even though a lens can only focus on one area, a large or small area can be sharp.•
Focus• The more shallow a depth of ﬁeld, the more narrow an area will be sharp.• Deep an shallow focus - a large DOF is often called deep focus and a small DOF is often called shallow focus
Focus pulls• Used in TV drama when the camera ‘pulls’ from one point on focus eg a gnome in the foreground, to another point of focus, eg. a gnome in the background.• Creates a dramatic shot, movement and action, all within one smooth shot• Also concentrates the viewers attention.