Representation and Action Adventure Action Adventure film characters are usually stereotypes (they mostly fit in to a certain type of character). However we often just take for granted that certain characters will look and behave a certain way, some modern audiences see this as a real problem as some characters misrepresent genders and ethnicity.
How is masculinity represented in these films?
Representation of women in action adventure films? Account for the reasons why the representations of women have changed? How do they still have conventional aspects of a female character?
How is gender represented in this scene? Lo: To analyse the representation of women in action adventure films Link to media terminology: Mise-‐en-‐scene
Stereotypes and Action Adventure Stereotype Function in the film: Problem Character: (misrepresentation): The Action Against all the odds, Women and other Adventure hero he saves the day by ethnicities are NOT defeating villains, represented as Is usually a white saving the leading strongly as men in male who is often lady and making the the role of Action played by a western world a better and Adventure hero. actor (mostly safer place! Female and black American or lead characters are English). He is good starting to appear looking, athletic and more regularly in fights for good. more modern films but still not as frequently as white males.
Stereotypes and Action Adventure Stereotype Function in the film: Problem Character: (misrepresentation): The Leading Lady For a long time the Other ethnicities are (Princess) leading lady was in rarely represented by the film to look leading ladies in Action Adventure films. Is mostly white, good, be rescued by And, the leading lady is beautiful and falls in the hero and often seen as useless, love with the Action provide him with needing the male hero Adventure hero. somebody to seduce to rescue them. through the film And, should all leading ladies be beautiful? Normal looking females are rarely represented by the leading lady.
Stereotypes and Action Adventure Stereotype Function in the film: Problem Character: (misrepresentation): The Villain The villain usually With the hero being handsome and villain ugly, wants to do this reinforces the idea The villain is often rich, something evil, that good people are good powerful and a criminal. The villain is often ugly taking over the looking and bad people world, stealing large are ugly. compared to the Action Adventure hero and amounts of money, And, the rich powerful physically less impressive, hurting and even villain can seem to suggest needing henchmen to do killing innocent that if you are rich or most of their evil deed for powerful you must be evil! them. people and appears almost impossible to And, with the villain often The villain is more commonly from a non defeat. foreign, this can create racism/ prejudice towards western country (Russian, the country that the villain Middle Eastern and comes from! Chinese are favourites)
Stereotypes and Action Adventure Stereotype Function in the film: Problem Character: (misrepresentation): The Sidekick The sidekick is often Again this shows that (Helper) in the film to make heroes have to be male, white, athletic and good the audience laugh. looking. The sidekick usually is a more humorous They usually bumble This reinforces the idea character who is less their way through that if you are not: athletic and handsome the film, only than the Action -‐ White Adventure hero. helping the hero by -‐ Male accident. -‐ Athletic Sidekicks are more -‐ Handsome likely to be foreign, children, female or You are inferior and even a robot than the cannot be a hero and are male Action Adventure only good for laughing at! hero.
Applying knowledge A criticism of Action Adventure films is that they reinforce stereotypes in terms of both gender and ethnicity. Do you agree? Give examples
Design a Heroine Lo: To analyse the representation of women in action adventure films Fill out your profile sheet Name: Age: Gender: FEMALE Target audience: Character qualities: Catchphrase: And DESIGNED character
Heroes & Villains In Action Adventure called the ANTOGONIST This is also known as binary opposites where opposing influences create drama and conflict-‐ eg. Good VS Evil, Man Vs Woman, Rich Vs Poor, Man Vs nature, Water Vs Land What do all these Heros and Villains have in common?
HERO VILLIAN Add more to this list Are the women represented as masculine or feminine? Does one gender dominate? Why?
Action Adventure Textual analysis skills are important when discussing character types. Watch this clip and write 200 words to analyse the two character types Watch the clip Who is the hero? Give evidence Who is the villain? Give evidence How are binary opposites used? Ext: Do either challenge conventions?
Summarising & Applying knowledge Consider how character is represented Typology of characters Attributes of heroes/ heroines Women tend not to be the lead Do heroines act like women or men? Do the representations reflect gender roles in society and how we value men and women? Heroes white, English speaking from Western democracy (more so USA) Villains contrast the hero Are there characters that break with traditional hero stereotypes? How do the brake from them? What sort of actors are employed to play theses roles? How do action adventure films shape our values? It could be argued that Action Adventure films are a means of exporting western ideologies to the rest of the world (specifically from American) The values attitudes and beliefs in these film are being subtly imposed on other nations. How far do you agree with this?
Action Adventure Film Star Hollywood is famous for its movie stars; Hollywood celebrities can command huge fees for appearing in films. A Hollywood star is often seen as a box office draw someone that audience will pay to see at the cinema success when it is released. Who are the great Hollywood stars of the action adventure genre?
Action Adventure Film Star Some actors are known for playing mostly Action Adventure heroes throughout their whole film careers. These actors are films stars who can be seen as more important than any other element in the film. In fact some audiences will go and see a film just because a certain actor is playing the Action Adventure hero. One such film star was Arnold Schwarzenegger who starred in numerous Action Adventure films and whose name attached to a film would automatically make is a box office success.
Action Adventure Film Star Arnold Schwarzenegger became bigger than any of the films he starred in and most film trailers would use his popularity stating his name before the title of the film. For example. or Arnold Schwarzenegger in Arnold Schwarzenegger often played a similar character in Action Adventure films, a tough, strong, muscular, cigar chomping, gun totting hero who spoke very little (due to his strong Austrian accent) using catch phrases and physical action to portray his character. Despite his acting receiving very negative reviews from film critics, audiences did not care and loved his simple, no nonsense, muscle bound characters.
Action Adventure Film Star Research a film star who has often appeared in Action Adventure films. What type of role does he/she play? How important are they to the success of the film? Who would be a suitable star for your film? (Think about your audience, how marketable the star is and if they are right for the genre)