Raffles Institute_Staircase

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Raffles International Institute
Module: Building technology and construction
Lecturer: Sandra Draskovic
Term April 2013

Published in: Education
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Raffles Institute_Staircase

  1. 1. Raffles International Institute WEEKLY SCHEDULESTAIRCASE
  2. 2. Raffles International Institute WEEKLY SCHEDULEDIVISON ACCORDING TO:1.STRUCTURAL LOAD-BEARING SYSTEM: PRECAST, STRINGS,CANTELIVER ...2.TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION: RAINFORCED CONCRETE,WOODEN, STEEL, GLASS ...3.MATERIALIZATION OF STAIRCASE AND BALUSTRADE4.POSITION IN BUILDING: INTERIOR OR EXTERIOR5.PURPOSE: MAIN OR AUXILIARY6.SHAPE OF THE FLIGHTS: STRAIGHT, SPIRAL, HELICAL,MATHEMATICAL, MIX ...7.NUMBER OF FLIGHTS: SINGLE, HALF-TURN, 2, 3 FLIGHTS ...
  3. 3. Raffles International Institute WEEKLY SCHEDULESTAIRCASE CALCULATION:TREAD / RISER/NUMBER OF HEIGHTS / LENGTH OF FLIGHT1. RELATION BETWEEN RISER HIGHT AND TREAD MEASUREMENT SHALLBE PROPORTIONAL TO LENGTH OF HUMAN STEP (63-65CM)2. IN BUILDINGS RISER HEIGHTS ARE BETWEEN 14 – 19 CM ( ALL BELLOW14CM IS CONSIDERED AS RAMP, AND HIGHER THAN 19CM AS STEEPSTAIRCASE). 16/31; 17/29; 18/27 ; 19/253. MAX DISTANCE BETWEEN BALUSTRADE NEWEL IS 12 cm.MIN BALUSTRADE HEIGHT IS 100 cm.MIN WIDTH OF STAIRCASE IS 80 cm (70). LARGER THAN 90 cm ISCONSIDERED COMFORTABLE FOR HUMAN USING AND MOVINGFURNITURE.
  4. 4. Raffles International Institute WEEKLY SCHEDULETREAD / RISER/NUMBER OF HEIGHTS / LENGTH OF FLIGHT3. FORMULA:B = (63 – 65) – 2 X HMin number of treads in a single flight is 3 and max between 12-15 before landingplatform.BHA
  5. 5. October 12© Draskovic 2012RAFFLES October 2012Raffles International Institute ELEMENTS OF CONSTRUCTIONroof systemwallsstaircasewindowfloor systemsfoundation
  6. 6. RAFFLES October 2012Raffles International Institute STRUCTURAL SYSTEMSVERTICALCOMMUNICATIONRAMPS, 15 º STAIRCASE STEEPSTAIRCASEELEVATOR
  7. 7. RAFFLES October 2012Raffles International Institute STRUCTURAL SYSTEMSVERTICALCOMMUNICATIONRAMPS, 15 º STAIRCASE STEEPSTAIRCASEELEVATORTYPE OF STAIRCASES
  8. 8. RAFFLES October 2012Raffles International Institute STRUCTURAL SYSTEMSHL
  9. 9. RAFFLES October 2012Raffles International Institute STRUCTURAL SYSTEMSWIDTH OF STAIRCASES1.A = 80 (70) CM2.A = 90 CM3.A = 120 CM4.A = 150 CM5.A = 180, 210 CM
  10. 10. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSTYPES OF LOAD BEARING SYSTEM:1.PRECAST CONCRETEWALL-WALL OR WALL TO BEAM2. STEEP STRINGS: CENTRAL OR SIDE3. CANTILEVERED4. LOAD-BEARING BEAMS5. MONOLITHIC RC STAIRCASE
  11. 11. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSTYPES OF LOAD BEARING SYSTEM:1. PRECAST OR PARTLY PREFABRICATED01. side stringers 02. landing beams 03. central stringerprefabricated
  12. 12. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSTYPES OF LOAD BEARING SYSTEM:1. PRECAST OR PARTLY PREFABRICATED
  13. 13. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSTYPES OF LOAD BEARING SYSTEM:3. FULLY PREFABRICATED / CANTILEVERED01. cantilevered 02. side stringers 03. central stringerprefabricated
  14. 14. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSTYPES OF LOAD BEARING SYSTEM:3. FULLY PREFABRICATED / CANTILEVERED
  15. 15. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSTYPES OF LOAD BEARING SYSTEM:3. FULLY PREFABRICATED / CANTILEVERED
  16. 16. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSTYPES OF LOAD BEARING SYSTEM:3. FULLY PREFABRICATED / CANTILEVERED
  17. 17. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSTYPES OF LOAD BEARING SYSTEM:5. MONOLITHIC RC STAIRCASE01. beam-slab-beam 02. cranked slab 03. beam-slab-wall
  18. 18. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTS
  19. 19. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSSTEEL STAIRCASES:CONSTRUCTION ELEMENTS: SIDE STRINGERS, LANDINGANGLE BLOCK, LANDING PLATFORM, BALUSTRADE
  20. 20. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSSTEEL STAIRCASES:1.OPEN STEEL STAIRCASES:CENTRAL STRINGER, SADDLE, LANDING ANGLE BLOCK,BUTTRESS
  21. 21. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSSTEEL STAIRCASES:2. CLOSED STEEL STAIRCASE: PREFABRICATED CLOSINGFRONT
  22. 22. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSWOODEN STAIRCASE:ELEMENTS:1. PRIMARY:STRINGERS,BUTTRESS,LANDING ANGLE BLOCK2. SECUNDARY:LANDING PLATFORM,CONNECTIONS,BALUSTRADE
  23. 23. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSWOODEN STAIRCASE:
  24. 24. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSWOODEN STAIRCASE: ANCHORED AND WEDGED
  25. 25. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSONE FLIGHT STAIRCASE
  26. 26. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSONE FLIGHT STAIRCASE
  27. 27. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSGEOMETRICAL STAIRCASE
  28. 28. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSTWO FLIGHT + LANDING STAIRCASE
  29. 29. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSTWO FLIGHTS STAIRCASE – HALF TURN
  30. 30. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSTWO FLIGHTS STAIRCASE, CANTILEVERED
  31. 31. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSTREE FLIGHTS STAIRCASE – QUARTER TURN
  32. 32. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSHELICAL STAIRCASE
  33. 33. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSGEOMETRICAL STAIRCASE
  34. 34. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSTWO FLIGHTS STAIRCASE – HALF TURN
  35. 35. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSLUXURY HELICAL STAIRCASE
  36. 36. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSLUXURIOUS HELICAL STAIRCASE
  37. 37. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSLUXURIOUS HELICAL STAIRCASE
  38. 38. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSCASE STUDY – HELICAL STAIRCASERESIDENTIAL SPACESTEEL STRINGER / STEEL BEAMS /COLUMNSGLASS AND METAL BALUSTRADE
  39. 39. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSCASE STUDY – HELICAL STEEL STAIRCASE
  40. 40. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSCASE STUDY – HELICAL STEEL STAIRCASE
  41. 41. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSCASE STUDY – HELICAL STEEL STAIRCASE
  42. 42. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTS
  43. 43. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSCASE STUDY – HELICAL STEEL STAIRCASE
  44. 44. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSCASE STUDY – HELICAL STEEL STAIRCASE
  45. 45. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTSCASE STUDY – HELICAL STEEL STAIRCASE
  46. 46. Raffles International Institute TYPOLOGY AND ELEMENTS

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