There is a linear correlation in the hours of consuming media and developing an eating disorder(s) in both females and males of all ages due to the strive to be physically attractive which the standard of attractiveness can be originated from the media.
Study on adolescent Fijian girls who were exposed to Western television for the first time for three years. It was found that these girls began to have less self-confidence and developed various methods of unhealthy weight loss, such as purging. It was also found that identity issues began to rise in these Fijian girls.
Correlation with high levels of media exposure were found to having a higher risk for anorexia nervosa, as well as that women were more at more of a risk then men. This study was extremely similar to the Fijian Girl study, but was preformed in South Africa.
Found that having the stereotypical, thin, attractive body in the media causes a dissatisfaction in mostly adolescent females, did not have a correlation, as it did with adult subjects. One reason being that it was done in Europe and the adolescent subjects were exposed to media, such as television prior to the experiment. It was also found that having overweighed individuals on media repress dissatisfaction with the viewer’s self image.
Study to see if media containing ultra thin models increased a negative body image within women with a history of eating disorders, verses an average sized model on media. It was found that the ultra thin models increased an eating disorder with these participants where as the average size models created a lower level of body-focused anxiety, thus the desire to repeat their past actions lessened.
Found that the type of media medium is also a variable in the correlation of media exposure and negative body image/ eating disorders. In conclusion, magazine media had a larger negative effect then television to the viewers.
Study on an Irish school group of adolescents and parents taking a simple questionnaire, regarding their views on modern day media and how it affects society and their own lives. It was found that adolescents were more at risk verses adults and they felt that the media portrays too thin of models which do contribute to negative body image and eating disorders.
Found that media exposure affects an individual female. It did a comparative study on Australia and Italy, due to the similar modern life, but contrasting traditional views of what beauty is. It was found the culture does affect the woman’s view on body image, more so then media exposure, unless it goes hand-in-hand.
There is a linear correlation in the hours of media exposure and developing an eating disorder(s) in both females and males of all ages due to the strive to be physically attractive which the standard of attractiveness can be originated from the media. However, the main variable on this is if the subject has a past history with media exposure and the medium of media affects the degree of a negative body image and the development of an eating disorder(s).
Becker, A. E. (2004). Television, Disordered Eating, and Young Women in Fiji: Negotiating Body Image and Identity during Rapid Social Change . Culture, Medicine & Psychiatry, 28(4), 533-559. doi:10.1007/s11013-004-1067-5. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Carney, T., & Louw, J. (2006). Eating disordered behaviors and media exposure . Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology, 41(12), 957-966. doi:10.1007/s00127-006-0120-9. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Champion, H., & Furnham, A. (1999). The effect of the media on body satisfaction in adolescent girls. European Eating Disorders Review, 7(3), 213-228. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Cusumano, D. L., & Thompson, J. (2001). Media Influence and Body Image in 8-11-Year-Old Boys and Girls: A Preliminary Report on the Multidimensional Media Influence Scale. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 29(1), 37-44. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Halliwell, E., Dittmar, H., & Howe, J. (2005). The impact of advertisements featuring ultra-thin or average-size models on women with a history of eating disorders . Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 15(5), 406-413. doi:10.1002/casp.831. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Levine, M. P., & Muren, S. K. (2009). "Everybody Knows That Mass Media ARE/ARE NOT [pick one] a Cause of Eating Disorders": A Critical Review of Evidence for a Causal Link Between Media, Negative Body Image, and Disordered Eating in Females. Journal of Social & Clinical Psychology, 28(1), 9-42.. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Marika, T. (2003). Media exposure, body dissatisfaction and disordered eating: television and magazines are not the same! . European Eating Disorders Review, 11(5), 418. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
McNicholas, F., Lydon, A., Lennon, R., & Dooley, B. (2009). Eating concerns and media influences in an Irish adolescent context . European Eating Disorders Review, 17(3), 208-213. doi:10.1002/erv.916 Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Thompson, J., & Heinberg, L. J. (1999). The Media's Influence on Body Image Disturbance and Eating Disorders: We've Reviled Them, Now Can We Rehabilitate Them?. Journal of Social Issues, 55(2), 339-353. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Tiggemann, M., Verri, A., & Scaravaggi, S. (2005). Body dissatisfaction, disordered eating, fashion magazines, and clothes: A cross‐cultural comparison between Australian and Italian young women. International Journal of Psychology, 40(5), 293-302. doi:10.1080/00207590444000311. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.