Schaffert/Hilzensauer:nderlying Concepts and Theories of Learning with the Semantic Web

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the slides to our paper: Schaffert, Sandra; Bürger, Tobias; Hilzensauer, Wolf & Schaffert, Sebastian (2008). Underlying Concepts and Theories of Learning with the Semantic Web. http://sunsite.informatik.rwth-aachen.de/Publications/CEUR-WS/Vol-349/schaffert.pdf

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Schaffert/Hilzensauer:nderlying Concepts and Theories of Learning with the Semantic Web

  1. 1. Underlying Concepts and Theories of Learning with the Semantic Web 4th EduMedia Conference 2008 Special Track quot;Technology Support for Self-Organised Learnersquot; (TSSOL08)‫‏‬ 3. June 2008 in Salzburg Sandra Schaffert Wolf Hilzensauer Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft m.b.H. 2008-06-03 EduMedia08 1
  2. 2. This presentation builds on: | Schaffert, Sandra; Bürger, Tobias; Hilzensauer, Wolf & Schaffert, Sebastian (2008). Underlying Concepts and Theories of Learning with the Semantic Web. In: Marco Kalz, Rob Koper, Veronika Hornung-Prähauser & Michaela Luckmann (Ed.): TSSOL 2008, Technology Support for Self- Organized Learners, Proceedings, EduMedia Conference 2008, Salzburg, Austria, May 26, 2008, p. 67-83. | http://sunsite.informatik.rwth- aachen.de/Publications/CEUR-WS/Vol-349/schaffert.pdf
  3. 3. Introduction: our visit at the TENCompetence Winterschool 2008 2008-06-03 EduMedia08
  4. 4. 50 PhD students and „e- learning“ experts... Hannes Ebner – see http://www.flickr.com/photos/hannesebner/2282930163/ 2008-06-03 EduMedia08
  5. 5. .... discussed a lot about „Semantic Web and Learning“ 2008-06-03 EduMedia08 Hannes Ebner – see http://www.flickr.com/photos/hannesebner/2274448420/
  6. 6. ... but did they really talk about the same? Stefan Karlhuber – see http://www.flickr.com/photos/s_karlhuber/2294062185/ 2008-06-03 EduMedia08
  7. 7. Agenda 2008-06-03 EduMedia08
  8. 8. Agenda | Semantic Web – a short introduction | Underlying concepts in the field of Learning in the Semantic Web | Aspect 1: The Content | Aspect 2: The role of the learner | Aspect 3: The social involvement | Project Screening | Summary 2008-06-03 EduMedia08
  9. 9. Semantic Web – a short introduction 2008-06-03 EduMedia08
  10. 10. Semantic Web ... | aiming at making Web content accessible to machines | in a way that goes beyond mere presentation and rendering of content | goal: enriching the existing Web to provide Web-based systems with advanced (so-called intelligent) capabilities, | in particular with context-awareness and | decision support. | realised with meta-data and (meta-) data processing 2008-06-03 EduMedia08
  11. 11. One of the core challenges for the Semantic Web for Learning: providing meta data | humans can provide meta data by using a machine interpretable coding scheme (XML, RDF, XML, OWL, … ) | Humans can use inductive approaches as e.g. tagging | computers can produce structure & meta data automatically | All these approaches are not easy to realise. 2008-06-03 EduMedia08
  12. 12. Learning with the Semantic Web … | ... is in its infancy | several projects and tools | but only few of them with a special focus on learning 2008-06-03 EduMedia08
  13. 13. Underlying concepts in the field of Learning in the Semantic Web 2008-06-03 EduMedia08
  14. 14. Underlying concepts in the field of Learning in the Semantic Web | Aspect 1: The Content | Aspect 2: The role of the learner | Aspect 3: The social involvement 2008-06-03 EduMedia08
  15. 15. Aspect 1: The Content 2008-06-03 EduMedia08
  16. 16. Example: EU project LUISA 2008-06-03 EduMedia08 Hannes Ebner – see http://www.flickr.com/photos/hannesebner/2273654061/in/set-72157604106892381/
  17. 17. Example: MOSEP Tutorials within a Semantic Wiki 2008-06-03 (Ikewiki) EduMedia08 See http://wiki.mosep.org
  18. 18. Aspect 1: The Content | a) the content is fixed (“canned content”), claiming to be objective | b) the content as dynamic, permanently “under development” and only shallowly categorised (miscellaneous) 2008-06-03 EduMedia08
  19. 19. Aspect 2: The role of the learner 2008-06-03 EduMedia08
  20. 20. Example: An active math application 2008-06-03 EduMedia08 Screenshot of a active math application - http://www.leactivemath.org/fileadmin/leactivemath/images/LeAMContentSchool_copy_1.jpg
  21. 21. Example: FLOCK 2008-06-03 EduMedia08 Screenshot of Flock (a Social Browser) - http://blog.wired.com/monkeybites/images/flock1.jpg
  22. 22. Aspect 2: The role of the learner | a) the learner as a consumer, being taught by a teacher/trainer | b) the learner as an active, self-organised creator of his/her own environment 2008-06-03 EduMedia08
  23. 23. Aspect 3: The social involvement 2008-06-03 EduMedia08
  24. 24. 2008-06-03 EduMedia08 “The setting for Web-based education” according to Devedižić (2004, figure 2, p. 32)‫‏‬ – an exemplary illustration of an socially isolated learner
  25. 25. Example: Teamspace by Chris Glahn Stefan Karlhuber – see http://www.flickr.com/photos/s_karlhuber/2294115657/ 2008-06-03 EduMedia08
  26. 26. Aspect 3: The Social Involvement | a) the learner as “isolated”, on his/her own | b) the learner communicates with humans, in terms of being involved in a learning community 2008-06-03 EduMedia08
  27. 27. Project Screening 2008-06-03 EduMedia08
  28. 28. E.g. the APOSDLE project 2008-06-03 EduMedia08
  29. 29. E.g. the APOSDLE project | Is the learning content seen as something miscellaneous and under development? | Is the role of learner that of an active, self-organised creator? | Does the social involvement, e.g. the learning communities, play a role? 2008-06-03 EduMedia08
  30. 30. 2008-06-03 EduMedia08 Content analysis of projects and tools in the field of Learning with Semantic technologies
  31. 31. The two dominant types of projects concerning to the three aspects of their 2008-06-03 underlying concepts in the field of learning with the Semantic Web: Illustrating the EduMedia08 paradigm shift from e-learning 1.0 to e-learning 2.0 (just for illustration purpose; the aspects are not orthogonal as depicted in the figure)‫‏‬
  32. 32. Similar results ...: A Literatur Analysis Illustration of the statistical analysis of the co-citation of publication about learning on the topic “Semantic Web” Source: Beat Döbili 2008-06-03 http://beat.doebe.li/ EduMedia08 bibliothek/w01364.html
  33. 33. Summary 2008-06-03 EduMedia08
  34. 34. Summary 2008-06-03 EduMedia08
  35. 35. You will found our presentation ... in our Weblog 2008-06-03 EduMedia08 http://edumedia.salzburgresearch.at 35
  36. 36. Kontakt Dr. Sandra Schaffert Mag. Wolf Hilzensauer Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft m.b.H. Jakob-Haringer-Str. 5/III A-5020 Salzburg Phone: +43-662-2288- Sandra: 429 - Wolf: 423 Fax: +43-662-2288-222 sandra.schaffert@salzburgresearch.at wolf.hilzensauer@salzburgresearch.at 2008-06-03 http://www.salzburgresearch.at EduMedia08 . 36

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