Wildlife crimes Wildlife crimes are identified as major threat to indias BIODIVESITY A key element in fight against such crimes is the successful Investigation
DAMAGE TO HABITAT (Including grazing, encroachment, pollution etc.) IMPORT/EXPORT TRESPASS (Smuggling) NATURE OF CRUELTYDOMESTIC TRADE WILDLIFE CRIMEHUNTING / FISHING VIOLATION OF RULES POSSESSION
Various Articles in Illegal Wildlife Trade Live animals Animal parts Animal products
NATIONAL & STATE ACTS1. WILDLIFE (P) ACT-19722. J&K WL(P) ACT-19783. INDIAN FOREST ACT-19274. STATE FOREST ACTS4. FOREST (CONSERVATION) ACT-19805. ENVIRONMENT (P) ACT-19866. PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ANIMALS ACT- 19607. CUSTOMS ACT- 19628. INDIAN FISHERIES ACT-18979. THE MARITIME ZONES OF INDIA (REGULATION OF FISHING BY FOREIGN VESSELS) ACT, 198110. INDIAN PENAL CODE
INTERNATIONAL LAWS- CONVENTIONS1. CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA & FLORA (CITES)* (1973)2. CONVENTION ON WETLANDS OF INTERNATIONAL IMPORTANCE (RAMSAR CONVENTION) (1971)2. CONVENTION ON MIGRATORY SPECIES (1979)3. INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION ON REGULATION OF WHALING (1946)4. CONVENTION ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY** (1994)5. PROTOCOLS WITH RUSSIA, CHINA & NEPAL6. WTO* Enforceable through the Customs Act-1962.** National Biodiversity Bill approved by Parliament.
POLICIES & RULES1. NATIONAL FOREST POLICY-19882. NATIONAL FORESTRY ACTION PLAN (1996-2015)3. NATIONAL WILDLIFE ACTION PLAN (2002-16)4. NATIONAL TIGER ACTION PLAN-19945*.IMPORT-EXPORT POLICY (2002-07).6. NATIONAL ZOO POLICY-19987. NATIONAL GRAZING POLICY8*.WILDLIFE (PROTECTION) RULES (FOR EACH STATE)9*.FOREST RULES (FOR EACH STATE)10*.RECOGNITION OF ZOO RULES-1992* Framed under an Act and thus enforceable.
Investigation Investigation is nothing but an obseravtion or enquiry into the allegations, circumstances or relationships in order to obtain fcatual information and make certain whether or not a violation of any law bas been committed It is a process of collecting evidence FORENSICS Application of science in investigation of crimes Wildlife forensics
Forensics techniques1. Species Identification1. Cause of death or Injury2. Techniques for the accused
Species Identification Morphometry Chemical tests DNA profiling Meat analysis
Cause of death or injury Toxicological tests Vertnary study (PM report)