Role of forensics in wildlife

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Role of forensics in wildlife

  1. 1. Role of Forensics in Wildlife cases
  2. 2. Wildlife crimes Wildlife crimes are identified as major threat to indias BIODIVESITY A key element in fight against such crimes is the successful Investigation
  3. 3. DAMAGE TO HABITAT (Including grazing, encroachment, pollution etc.) IMPORT/EXPORT TRESPASS (Smuggling) NATURE OF CRUELTYDOMESTIC TRADE WILDLIFE CRIMEHUNTING / FISHING VIOLATION OF RULES POSSESSION
  4. 4. Various Articles in Illegal Wildlife Trade Live animals Animal parts Animal products
  5. 5. NATIONAL & STATE ACTS1. WILDLIFE (P) ACT-19722. J&K WL(P) ACT-19783. INDIAN FOREST ACT-19274. STATE FOREST ACTS4. FOREST (CONSERVATION) ACT-19805. ENVIRONMENT (P) ACT-19866. PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ANIMALS ACT- 19607. CUSTOMS ACT- 19628. INDIAN FISHERIES ACT-18979. THE MARITIME ZONES OF INDIA (REGULATION OF FISHING BY FOREIGN VESSELS) ACT, 198110. INDIAN PENAL CODE
  6. 6. INTERNATIONAL LAWS- CONVENTIONS1. CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA & FLORA (CITES)* (1973)2. CONVENTION ON WETLANDS OF INTERNATIONAL IMPORTANCE (RAMSAR CONVENTION) (1971)2. CONVENTION ON MIGRATORY SPECIES (1979)3. INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION ON REGULATION OF WHALING (1946)4. CONVENTION ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY** (1994)5. PROTOCOLS WITH RUSSIA, CHINA & NEPAL6. WTO* Enforceable through the Customs Act-1962.** National Biodiversity Bill approved by Parliament.
  7. 7. POLICIES & RULES1. NATIONAL FOREST POLICY-19882. NATIONAL FORESTRY ACTION PLAN (1996-2015)3. NATIONAL WILDLIFE ACTION PLAN (2002-16)4. NATIONAL TIGER ACTION PLAN-19945*.IMPORT-EXPORT POLICY (2002-07).6. NATIONAL ZOO POLICY-19987. NATIONAL GRAZING POLICY8*.WILDLIFE (PROTECTION) RULES (FOR EACH STATE)9*.FOREST RULES (FOR EACH STATE)10*.RECOGNITION OF ZOO RULES-1992* Framed under an Act and thus enforceable.
  8. 8. Investigation Investigation is nothing but an obseravtion or enquiry into the allegations, circumstances or relationships in order to obtain fcatual information and make certain whether or not a violation of any law bas been committed It is a process of collecting evidence FORENSICS Application of science in investigation of crimes Wildlife forensics
  9. 9. Forensics techniques1. Species Identification1. Cause of death or Injury2. Techniques for the accused
  10. 10. Species Identification Morphometry Chemical tests DNA profiling Meat analysis
  11. 11. Cause of death or injury Toxicological tests Vertnary study (PM report)
  12. 12. Investigation of Accused / Crimescene Foot print analysis DNA finger printing Brain mapping Lie-detector Narco-analysis SDS- suspect detection system Ballistics
  13. 13. IBIS –INTEGRATED BALLISTICS IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM IBIS-TRAX 3D MatchPoint + Data Concentrator BulletTRAX- 3DCorrelation Server
  14. 14. Comparison of Firing Pin Indentations
  15. 15. Sandipan Dharsandipandhar@gmail.com

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