Art History: PreHistory through Greek pottery

1,137 views
1,028 views

Published on

I wanted my students to learn a little art history. So we started from the beginning and went to the Greek pottery. Then I had them create vases depicting one of the five Greek styles of pottery. The week before I discussed cave paintings/art. So this is really the 2nd part to the art history.

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,137
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
75
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
50
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • Art History: PreHistory through Greek pottery

    1. 1. HISTORY AS WE KNOW IT From Lascaux, Altamira and Chauvet to Greece 30,000 BC to 400 BC.
    2. 2. AFTER THE ICETemperatures increase: Glaciers melt.Forests expand/animals migratePeople start forming villages around bodies of waterHunters and Gathers become farmers: agriculturebegins.People start settling down; building permanentstructures for homes: Architecture begins!!!
    3. 3. NEOLITHIC ERABritain: cromlechs- celtic words crom meaning “circle”and lech meaning “place”must have played vital role in culture since it tookMUCH effort and time to create.Most FAMOUS cromlech is the Stonehenge(2800-1500 BC) of Salisbury Plain in SouthernEngland.
    4. 4. THE MYSTERYBlue Stones Imported from Wales: 100 miles awayfrom location.40 ton and 50 ton stones imported from 20 miles away.sacred place- created over a 400 yr span of time.different groups of people added on to the Stonehengefor their own use.Post-and-lintel style. Like dominoes stack two next toeach other vertically then lay one down horizontallyon top of the vertical ones.
    5. 5. USES OF STONEHENGEFuneral/burial placeSacrifesBeaker People came used Post-and-lintel style toconstruct outer ring of stones.Brought these stones weighing 40/50 TONS toconstruct the post-and-lintel structure.Used Stonehenge to predict Lunar Eclipses and keeptrack of time.
    6. 6. IMPORTANCE OF BEAKER PEOPLEdiscovered June 21 as Summer Solstice. person standing in the center of the Stonehenge would be able to see the sun rise over the “Stone Heel” on June 21 of 1800 BC. Solstice: meaning longest day/most sun of the season.Began using/experimenting with metals leading usinto the BRONZE age!
    7. 7. MESOPOTAMIAAncient Near East: including North Africa, lower Europe and Eastern Asia. Writing Invented: able to communicate, keep records, create permanent bodies of literature/history. The Epic of Gilgamesh: oldest surviving epic poem Jerico- architecture made of mud brick on stone foundation, walls were plastered then painted: they buried their dead under the floors. Mesopotamia was the center of the Near Eastern Civilization. Also means: “land between rivers” Tigris and Euphrates.
    8. 8. The Epic of Gilgamesh:search for immortality- undertakes journeys throughforests and underworld- encountering gods andstruggles with morals.
    9. 9. MESOPOTAMIA
    10. 10. Ziggurats- “raised up” built mountains/platforms forthe god,gods that watched over them.Their architecture was considered: “load-bearing”structuresThey also reinforced their structures with cylinderseals- known as glyptic art- Greek word meaning“carved”
    11. 11. ARCHITECTURE ADVANCESIshtar Gate- Glazed Brick- now in BerlinIt is from Babylon-the capitol of Mesopotamiastarted glazing brick to preserve and decorate.
    12. 12. ISHTAR GATE
    13. 13. ADVANCES IN WRITINGPapyrus: plant fibers used to write on.
    14. 14. ROSETTA STONE3 languages found on the Rosetta Stone (made ofblack basalt) : hieroglyphics, demotic and GreekThis stone made it possible to decipher thousands ofpreserved Egyptian texts.
    15. 15. GOING FROM HERE...
    16. 16. TO HERE... PROGRESS
    17. 17. MESOPOTAMIA & EGYPTIANSThe Rosetta stone found in the Delta (where the Nilespills out) included 2 Egyptian languages and Greek.Egyptians believed in Mummification and usedCanopic jars to hold “special” organs.These jars were painted and decorated as well as thetombs/chambers of the tombs in which they buriedtheir dead.
    18. 18. CANOPIC JARSThe jars contained organs (thought to be special)The brain (however) was discarded as USELESSThe jars were under the protection of Horus’s foursons.Each son had a different characteristic head. (man,baboon, jackal and falcon).Horus: Falcon god, sky god
    19. 19. EGYPTIANARCHITECTURE
    20. 20. mastabas- “bench” single story trapezoidal structureburial chambers.pyramids advanced into the commonly knowngeometric shaped step pyramids.
    21. 21. AEGEAN PEOPLESMinoans were Aegean people that lived near theAegean Sea (located between Greece and Turkey).They mostly resided on the island of CretePalace at Knossos: mj Minoan site, traditional site ofMinos (legendary king).In Greek mythology the palace was called “labyrinth”Importance: Palace at Knossos contains paintings/reliefs throughout. It also contained Frescos.
    22. 22. Relief: something that has been carved into and animage stands out from it.Fresco painting: color pigments added to water andapplied to WET plaster. As the plaster dries it bondswith the pigments and allows everything to “stick”together.Labyrinth: Greeks later coined it as meaning “mazelike”.
    23. 23. MINOAN POTTERY
    24. 24. ARCHITECTURELion Gate, Mycenae (limestone 13th Century BCTreasury of Atreus, Mycenae 13th Century BC
    25. 25. The Lion Gate crowned the entrance to the citadel ofMycenae.The Treasury of Atreus is the tomb of Agamemnon.It is not sure if he was buried here but because of thebuilding’s size it was definitely meant for royalty.
    26. 26. GREECE...AT LAST
    27. 27. Greeks thought of themselves as the “most civilized”of nations. They believed that any foreign languagespoken sounded like “bar-bar” and unintelligent. Theyalso believed that any foreigner was a “barbarian”meaning uncivilized.polis- meaning city-state
    28. 28. GREEKARCHITECTURE Temple of Apollo at Delphi Greek Architecture includes many columns and temples honoring their many gods.
    29. 29. GEOMETRIC STYLEamphora- two handle storage jarEach pattern is framed by horizontal borders thatencircle the pot to emphasize its shape, and two rowsof stylized animals decorate the neck.Original purpose was to serve as a grave marker
    30. 30. ORIENTALIZING STYLEShapes have become larger and more curvilinear thanthose of the Geometric style, and the geometricpatterns are now relegated to borders of themythological representations.
    31. 31. Both events onthese amphorasrepresent Greek heroes - Odysseus and Perseus- destroying theprimitive foreces of terror and cannibalism.
    32. 32. ARCHAIC STYLEThis style is known as black-figurePatterning still functions as a border device, and thecentral image is a narrative scene.In this next Archaic style vase Exekias is transformingthe personal rivalry between the two Greek heroes ofthe Trojan War into a board game.Exekias is the most insightful/dramatic black-figureartist known to us.
    33. 33. CLASSICAL STYLEred-figure- started using red for the color of thepeople depicted on the vases.decorative patterns decrease, more of the narrativeappears.
    34. 34. CLASSICAL TO LATECLASSICALwhite-ground: the clay appears whiteMore natural figures appear and this style depicts“grave dedications” soooo.... many grave scenes

    ×