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2014 PV Distribution System Modeling Workshop: The IEA PVPS Task 14  High penetration PV in Electricity Grids, Roland Bruendlinger, AIT Austrian Institute of Technology
 

2014 PV Distribution System Modeling Workshop: The IEA PVPS Task 14 High penetration PV in Electricity Grids, Roland Bruendlinger, AIT Austrian Institute of Technology

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2014 PV Distribution System Modeling Workshop: The IEA PVPS Task 14 High penetration PV in Electricity Grids, Roland Bruendlinger, AIT Austrian Institute of Technology

2014 PV Distribution System Modeling Workshop: The IEA PVPS Task 14 High penetration PV in Electricity Grids, Roland Bruendlinger, AIT Austrian Institute of Technology

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    2014 PV Distribution System Modeling Workshop: The IEA PVPS Task 14  High penetration PV in Electricity Grids, Roland Bruendlinger, AIT Austrian Institute of Technology 2014 PV Distribution System Modeling Workshop: The IEA PVPS Task 14 High penetration PV in Electricity Grids, Roland Bruendlinger, AIT Austrian Institute of Technology Presentation Transcript

    • IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME The IEA PVPS Task 14 High penetration PV in Electricity Grids Roland Bründlinger AIT Austrian Institute of Technology PV Distribution System Modeling Workshop, Santa Clara, May 6, 2014
    • IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME Outline • Challenges of PV integration • Overview IEA PVPS Task 14 • Results and publications • Summary and outlook
    • IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME (Quelle:EPIA-GlobalMarketOutlook2013), 2012figures • End 2013: Estimated >130 GW installed worldwide (+35% from 2012) (EPIA) • PV penetration levels growing worldwide DEU ~36 GW CHN ~19 GW (+11 in 2013!) ITA ~17 GW JAP ~14 GW (+7 in 2013) USA ~13 GW High Penetration of PV in Electricity Grids A global trend
    • IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME • Global PV cooperation network • 29 members: 24 countries, EC, Associations: EPIA, SEPA, SEIA, Copper Alliance • Activities are carried out collaboratively on a country basis along a number of technical and non-technical subjects • Currently, 6 Tasks are active • To enhance the international collaborative efforts which facilitate the role of photovoltaic solar energy as a cornerstone in the transition to sustainable energy systems • Task 14 High PV Penetration in Electricity Grids IEA PVPS basics
    • IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME • Goals & Objectives – Promote the use of grid connected PV as an important source in electric power systems – Develop and verify technical requirements for PV and electric power systems to allow for high penetrations of PV systems – Discuss the active role of PV systems related to energy management and system control of electricity grids – Reduce the technical barriers to achieve high penetration levels of distributed renewable energy systems on the electric power system IEA PVPS Task 14: High Penetration of PV in Electricity Grids
    • IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME • Subtask 1: PV generation in correlation to energy demand: Switzerland Show how with better prediction tools and optimized local energy management, PV penetration can be improved. • Subtask 2: High penetration in local distribution grids: Germany Identify and interpret the role of PV in distribution grids and impact analyses of high PV penetration • Subtask 3: High penetration solutions for central PV scenarios: Japan PV integration from the total power system view point, including forecasting, power system operation and augmentation • Subtask 4: Smart inverter technology for high penetration of PV: Austria Technology, technical requirements and standards as well as system integration aspects for inverters with High Penetration PV IEA PVPS Task 14: Organization and structure
    • IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME European commission Experts from • Utilities, DNOs • Industry, manufacturers, consultancies • Applied research • Universities • Agencies 16 Countries 1 Association IEA PVPS Task 14: Networks
    • IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME • Support PV integration on high penetration levels by ► access to more transparent technical analyses ► guidelines and best practices for industry, network operators, energy planners as well as authorities in the energy business ► comprehensive international studies for high penetration PV • Develop key methodologies for large scale PV integration ► PV Power Forecast ► Active management and control of grid integrated PV ► Grid interconnection studies and planning ► Technical standards and interconnection requirements • Active dissemination of objective and neutral high-quality information ► Task 14 Reports ► Task 14 Workshops ► National information networks of Task 14 members IEA PVPS Task 14: Outcomes
    • IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME • Worldwide survey covering 3 regions: USA, Europe and Japan • Report published 10/2013 Source:JanRemund,Meteotest Source Location of validation Time step and forecast time Uncertainty % of persistence Uncertainty RMSE (relative or absolute) DLR (DE) Southern Spain 1 h, day 1 DNI: 50 – 64% rmse CanmetENERGY (CAN) Canada, USA 1 h, day 1 – 2 57% JWA (JP) Japan 30 Min, 1h. 140 W/m2 MeteoSwiss (CH) Switzerland - - - Univ. Oldenburg / Meteocontrol (DE) Switzerland Southern Spain Canada, Spain 1 h, day 1 65% 61% 2 57% 2 42 % rmse 21 % rmse Univ. Jaen (ES) Southern Spain 1 h, day 1 72% 2 DTU IMM (DK) Denmark 68% 2 AIST / Waseda (JP) Japan 1 h, day 1 100 W/m2 Univ. GIFU (JP) Gifu 1 h 64% rmse UCSD (USA) San Diego, 4 days 30 sec. 5 min. 50% 75% Bluesky Wetteranalyse (A) Switzerland 1 h, day 1 65%2 Irsolav (ES) Spain 1 h, day 1 18 – 35% rmse Meteotest (CH) Switzerland 1 h, day 1 72% 2 41 – 50% rmse Weather Analytics (USA) - - - Grid integration of PV PV forecast and PV power prediction tools
    • IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME • Distribution integration case studies from 11 countries highlighting practices and solutions in different countries – Australia – Austria – Belgium – China – Germany – Greece – Italy – Japan – Spain – Switzerland – Unites States of America • Report will be published in May 2014 Source:IEA-PVPSTask14Report(May2014) Grid integration of PV High Penetration on the distribution level
    • IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME • Discussion of the Impacts of PV Penetration and Other Variable RES on the overall power system level • Power system operation and augmentation planning with high penetration PV • Selected Case Studies on PV integration from the overall power system perspective – Australia – China – Europe – Denmark, Germany, Greece, Italy, Switzerland – Japan – USA • Report will be published in June 2014 Source:IEA-PVPSTask14ST3Report(TobepublishedJune2014) High Penetration PV on the overall power system level Mo Di Mi Do Fr Sa So 0 50 100 150 200 250 Wochentag Leistung(GW) Biomasse Laufwasser Wind Offshore Wind Onshore PV Residuallast Last EE-Einspeisung und Strombedarf, Szenario Basis2050 (Meteo-Jahr 2011) 1. Kalenderw oche Mo Di Mi Do Fr Sa So 0 50 100 150 200 250 Wochentag Leistung(GW) Biomasse Laufwasser Wind Offshore Wind Onshore PV Residuallast Last EE-Einspeisung und Strombedarf, Szenario Basis2050 (Meteo-Jahr 2011) 25. Kalenderw oche
    • IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME • Case studies for PV grid integration – Base case PV 4.5kWh/d – Integration with DSM PV 6.5kWh/d (+45%) – Integration with storage system PV 12kWh/d (+165%) – Integration with DSM and storage system PV 12.9kWh/d (+185%) • Report planned to be published 10/2014 Grid integration of PV Network driven demand side management
    • IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME • Report on current experiences of high PV penetration and active / reactive power control strategies in distribution grids (05/2014) – country specific measures for increasing the local PV penetration in distribution grids in a technically effective and economically efficient way • Report on Recommendations for managing the transition from One- Directional to Bi-Directional Distribution Grids (05/2014) – State-of-the-Art and advanced solutions for the transition of local distribution grids – Entering the final stage: Future prospects for the transition towards high national penetration scenarios • Report on System-wide PV generation analysis and forecast (10/2013) • Report “Power system operation planning with PV integration” (06/2014) – Describes high penetration solutions for central PV generation scenarios including aspects of Power system operation and augmentation planning with PV integration. • Planned presentations for EU PVSEC Amsterdam September 2014 Grid integration of PV Publications and reports
    • IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME • Successful series of events since 2010 with more than 500 participants Beijing: Chinese Academy of Science Golden: DoE, NREL, SEPA, Valencia: Task1, Task14 Kassel: SMA Sydney: UNSW, APVA Lisbon: EdP Paris: Task14, SHC Task 46 Tokyo: NEDO Brussels: 3E, MetaPV Task 14 High Penetration Workshops Bringing together stakeholders worldwide Geneva: Task14
    • IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME • Increasing penetration levels of PV (and RES) present challenges on the overall power system as well as on the local levels • PVPS Task 14 shows, that solutions for integrating PV on high penetration levels are available, they still need to be implemented in an appropriate way • Task 14 supports PV integration on high penetration levels – access to more transparent technical analyses – guidelines and best practices for industry, network operators, energy planners as well as authorities in the energy business – comprehensive international studies for high penetration PV – Active dissemination of successful experiences and examples of High Penetration PV High Penetration of PV in Electricity Grids Summary and key conclusions
    • IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME • Second term 2014-2018 officially approved by IEA-PVPS ExCo in April 2014 • New activity on Market implications with High PV Penetration – Introduce market aspects and investigate market implications of solutions developed in the technical subtasks • New work on Communication and control for High Pen PV in Smart Grids – Analyze appropriate control strategies and communication technologies to integrate a high number of distributed PV in smart electricity networks • Experts welcome! High Penetration of PV in Electricity Grids Outlook
    • IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME Thank you! All reports and workshop presentations can be found on http://www.iea-pvps.org For any further questions contact: Roland Bründlinger & Christoph Mayr Operating Agents IEA PVPS Task 14 AIT – Austrian Institute of Technology Vienna, Austria roland.bruendlinger@ait.ac.at christoph.mayr@ait.ac.at