Chapter 1 Teaching Students withSpecial Educational Needs: Professional Roles and Responsibilities Based on: Special Education for Today’s Teachers: An Introduction, by Rosenberg, Westling, and McLeskey (second edition)
Chapter 1 Questions• What is special education about “special education?”• Who do special education teachers teach?• Where do they teach?• What other professionals provide services to students with special needs?• What are the keys to be a successful teacher for all students?
Perspectives on Special Education• Parent: A hard-fought civil rights victory for access to a free appropriate education.• Administrator: Concern about expense of delivering services as required by federal law.• General Ed Teacher: Inclusion of students with disabilities who need content enhancements.• Special Ed Teacher: Providing individualized instruction and support to students.• Student: Receiving assistance and equipment that allow participation in activities with classmates.
What is “Special” about Special Ed? Nine Distinguishing Characteristics• Pacing • Pupil-teacher ratio• Intensity • Curriculum• Relentlessness • Monitoring/assessing• Structure • Collaboration• Reinforcement
Public School Disability Categories• Autism • Multiple disabilities• Deaf-blindness • Orthopedic impairments• Deafness • Other health impairments• Emotional disturbance • Speech or language• Hearing impairments impairments• Learning disabilities • Traumatic brain injury• Intellectual disability • Visual impairments and (i.e., mental retardation) blindness How many students with disabilities receive services?
Special Education Settings• General education classroom (co-teaching)• Part-time special class/resource room• Full-time self-contained special classroom in regular school• Full-time, self-contained class in separate school for students with disabilities• Residential school for students with disabilities• Student’s home or hospitalWhat percentage of students with disabilities are educated in regularclassrooms?
Other Service Providers• School psychologists• Physical and occupational therapists• Speech/language pathologists• Social workers• School guidance counselors• Art, music, and recreational therapists• Paraeducators
Being a Good Teacher of ALL Students • Respect and value human differences • Commitment and positive attitude • Caring, fairness, and respect • Enthusiasm, motivation, and dedication • Personal teaching efficacy • Evidence-based teaching approaches